About

Sam was previously Co-Director of the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment from March 2011 until August 2017, along with Prof Simon Dietz.

Sam joined the Grantham Research Institute in 2008 as a Principal Research Fellow. He also holds the following positions:

Background

Before joining the Grantham Research Institute, Sam served as Deputy Chief Economist at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). He has also worked at the World Bank, the Global Environment Facility and in the private sector. From 2008 to 2016 he was a member of the UK Committee on Climate Change.

Sam has studied economics at the University of Berne (Switzerland), the London School of Economics and University College London.

Research interests

  • The economics of adaptation to climate change;
  • Climate finance and the functioning of carbon markets;
  • Climate change policy in the UK.

 

Research

Research - 2020

Multilateral development institutions often use performance-based allocation (PBA), mathematical formulas based on a list of performance criteria, to inform the allocation of development assistance or environmental funding. The way the formulas are designed can have material and often unintended consequences on the allocation of funds; this paper highlights a particular problem called the ‘cardinal fallacy’. Read more

Research - 2019

Research - 2018

Research - 2017

Research - 2016

Research - 2015

The number of climate change laws in major economies has grown from less than 40 in 1997 to almost 500 at the end of 2013. The passage of these laws is influenced by both domestic and international factors. This paper reviews the main international factors, drawing on a powerful new dataset of climate legislation in 66 national jurisdictions. We find that the propensity to legislate on climate change is heavily influenced by the passage of similar laws elsewhere, suggesting a strong and so far under-appreciated role for international policy diffusion. Read more

Research - 2014

Research - 2013

Research - 2012

Research - 2011

Research - 2010

Research - 2009

Research - 2008

Policy

Policy - 2020

This study explores the distributional impacts of a net-zero-consistent carbon price across different household types and income deciles in the UK; and examines which combination of interventions may reduce carbon consumption and still be progressive. The authors find that it is possible to design a revenue recycling scheme that leaves fuel-poor and low-income households better off while driving the transition to net-zero emissions in the UK by 2050. Read more

Policy - 2019

Policy - 2018

National governments, with development partners, have an important role to play in supporting adaptation and climate-resilient development among private actors – households, producers and small businesses – in the semi-arid lands of developing countries, argues this brief, a final output from the Pathways to Resilience in Semi-Arid Economies (PRISE) project. Read more

Policy - 2017

Ongoing concerns about the best policies to achieve affordability have led to three reviews: of energy costs, of the Levy Control Framework, and of carbon pricing. This paper draws on research findings and empirical evidence to identify key principles and issues that should be taken into account by the Government in relation to these separate but related reviews. Read more

Policy - 2016

Policy - 2015

Adaptation presents developing countries with the ultimate dual challenge – building a rapidly evolving, sustainable economy within an environment increasingly altered by the impacts of climate change. To meet this challenge, adaptation policy must find balance and create synergy between the two, as climate resilience and economic resilience go hand in hand. Read more

Policy - 2014

Policy - 2013

Shifting from coal to natural gas for electricity generation can help the UK power sector to decarbonise in the near term. With good planning and investment, natural gas can support the development of a low-carbon power sector by providing essential backup for intermittent renewables, but could only play a bigger role longer-term if fitted with carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology.

However, a new UK ‘dash’ for gas on the assumption of low prices is a risky economic and environmental option. A lower risk option is a ‘dash’ for smart gas; using natural gas in those areas where it offers the greatest value in decarbonising the power sector. Read more

Policy - 2012

Policy - 2011

Policy - 2010

Policy - 2009

Books

Books - 2019

Books - 2018

Books - 2016

Books - 2014

Events

Events - 2019

Events - 2018

Events - 2017

Events - 2016

Events - 2015

Events - 2014

News

News - 2020

News - 2019

News - 2018

News - 2017

News - 2015

News - 2014

News - 2013

News - 2011

News - 2009

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