Maria Carvalho

Maria worked in the Policy team at the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change & Environment (GRI), focusing on energy and climate policies for the EU, along with North American policy engagement. She initially joined the GRI as a PhD student in 2010.


Maria’s PhD was on “The internationalisation of green technologies and the realisation of green growth”. Her research investigates how different economies can realise opportunities for green growth from various industrial activities (such as innovation, manufacturing and markets) based on: the comparative advantages of the economy; the stage of development a particular technology; and the costs of trade. The research also considers how political economy factors affect ‘who collaborates with whom’ in the international research of green technologies. The findings seek to advance the competitiveness debate by recognising the tension between the shift of green industrial activities (particularly manufacturing, and the locational implications on innovation), and the associated green growth in domestic economies.

Prior to her PhD, Maria worked for New Energy Finance (later acquired by Bloomberg) for two years in the Carbon Markets team. She has also consulted during her PhD for the World Bank, the Overseas Development Institute, the UN Commission on Trade and Development, the GRI at the LSE, and UCL’s Green Economy Policy Commission.

Maria holds a PhD with the Geography and Environment Department at the LSE (2015), an MSc in Environmental Policy & Regulation (2007 with Distinction), and a BAH in Economics & Development at Queen’s University, Canada (2006).

Research interests

  • Energy, climate and innovation policies, and impacts on low-carbon energy transitions
  • International political economy of green industrial policies, and its effects on global value chains of green technologies
  • Green growth and competitiveness
  • Role of the private sector in green technologies, markets, and investments


Research - 2018


Policy - 2018

This special report for the LSE Growth Commission shows why it is sensible for environmental sustainability to be at the heart of the UK’s growth strategy and how this can be achieved, setting out recommendations for government across the areas of innovation, infrastructure, skills and cities. Read more

This submission to the Scottish Affairs Committee focuses on the implications for the oil and gas industry in the UK, including Scotland, of the transition to low-carbon economic growth. It calls for the Government’s Industrial Strategy to reconcile its ambitions for the sector with the ‘Clean Growth’ Grand Challenge. Read more

Policy - 2017

This submission to the Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Committee’s inquiry on Leaving the EU looks at which aspects of EU policy should be retained and the potential impact of Brexit on Paris Agreement pledges. Read more

Policy - 2016


Events - 2014


News - 2017

News - 2015

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