Maria CarvalhoFormer staff

Maria Carvalho

Former Policy Analyst

Maria worked in the Policy team at the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change & Environment (GRI), focusing on energy and climate policies for the EU, along with North American policy engagement. She initially joined the GRI as a PhD student in 2010.


Maria’s PhD was on “The internationalisation of green technologies and the realisation of green growth”. Her research investigates how different economies can realise opportunities for green growth from various industrial activities (such as innovation, manufacturing and markets) based on: the comparative advantages of the economy; the stage of development a particular technology; and the costs of trade. The research also considers how political economy factors affect ‘who collaborates with whom’ in the international research of green technologies. The findings seek to advance the competitiveness debate by recognising the tension between the shift of green industrial activities (particularly manufacturing, and the locational implications on innovation), and the associated green growth in domestic economies.

Prior to her PhD, Maria worked for New Energy Finance (later acquired by Bloomberg) for two years in the Carbon Markets team. She has also consulted during her PhD for the World Bank, the Overseas Development Institute, the UN Commission on Trade and Development, the GRI at the LSE, and UCL’s Green Economy Policy Commission.

Maria holds a PhD with the Geography and Environment Department at the LSE (2015), an MSc in Environmental Policy & Regulation (2007 with Distinction), and a BAH in Economics & Development at Queen’s University, Canada (2006).

Research interests

  • Energy, climate and innovation policies, and impacts on low-carbon energy transitions
  • International political economy of green industrial policies, and its effects on global value chains of green technologies
  • Green growth and competitiveness
  • Role of the private sector in green technologies, markets, and investments


Research article  1 August, 2018

Overcoming public resistance to carbon taxes

Carbon taxes represent a cost‐effective way to steer the economy toward a greener future. In the real world, their application has however been limited. In this paper, we address … read more »

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Policy publications  3 December, 2018

Sustainable growth in the UK: Seizing opportunities from technological change and the transition to a low-carbon economy

This special report for the LSE Growth Commission shows why it is sensible for environmental sustainability to be at the heart of the UK’s growth strategy and how this can be achieved, setting out recommendations for government across the areas of innovation, infrastructure, skills and cities. read more »

Policy publications  5 September, 2018

Consultation response: Environmental principles and governance after EU exit

This submission was made to Defra’s consultation on environmental principles and governance after the UK leaves the European Union. read more »

Policy publications  3 July, 2018

Submission to the inquiry on ‘The future of the oil and gas industry’ by the House of Commons Select Committee on Scottish Affairs

This submission to the Scottish Affairs Committee focuses on the implications for the oil and gas industry in the UK, including Scotland, of the transition to low-carbon economic growth. It calls for the Government’s Industrial Strategy to reconcile its ambitions for the sector with the ‘Clean Growth’ Grand Challenge. read more »


Policy publications  5 December, 2017

Statkraft-LSE Program: Credible, effective and publicly acceptable policies to decarbonise the European Union

Presentation for Brussels launch event, 05 December 2017

Policy publications  5 December, 2017

The credibility of the European Union’s efforts to decarbonise the power sector

This report assesses the credibility of EU member states’ efforts to decarbonise the power sector – with credibility of policy commitments defined as ‘the likelihood that policymakers will keep their promises to implement the pledges or policies they announce’. read more »

Policy publications  5 December, 2017

Credible, effective and publicly acceptable policies to decarbonise the European Union: Final report

This report investigates the extent to which current policies and institutional arrangements are fit for purpose for the new decarbonisation phase into which the EU is entering. It summarises the main findings from the Statkraft research programme. read more »

Policy publications  5 December, 2017

How to make carbon taxes more acceptable

Taxing carbon is one of the best ways to incentivise the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions but is often faced with opposition. This report explores practical ways through which carbon taxes can be made more politically attractive. read more »

Policy publications  24 April, 2017

Consultation response: ‘Building our Industrial Strategy’

This paper was submitted in response to the UK Government’s industrial strategy green paper: ‘Building our industrial strategy‘.

Policy publications  24 April, 2017

UK export opportunities in the low-carbon economy

This policy brief outlines the opportunities and threats to trade in low-carbon goods and services in the UK. read more »

Policy publications  24 January, 2017

Submission to inquiry by the House of Commons Select Committee on Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Committee on ‘Leaving the EU: negotiation priorities for energy and climate change policy’

This submission to the Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Committee’s inquiry on Leaving the EU looks at which aspects of EU policy should be retained and the potential impact of Brexit on Paris Agreement pledges. read more »


Policy publications  19 December, 2016

Brexit: implications on climate policy

Presentation given at the LSE Conference ‘Britain and Europe: Towards Brexit?’ in Brussels on 8th December 2016. read more »

Policy publications  16 December, 2016

Implications of Brexit on Climate Policy

Presentation given at the Britain and Europe: Towards Brexit? LSE Workshop on 6 December 2016.

Policy publications  2 November, 2016

Submission to the inquiry on ‘Brexit: environment and climate change’ by the House of Lords EU Energy and Environment Sub-Committee

This is a submission by the ESRC Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy and the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment at the London School of … read more »

Policy publications  21 September, 2016

A Fit-for-Purpose Energy Policy for the European Union

Presentation to the British Institute of Energy Economics Conference in Oxford on 21 September 2016.

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Commentary  16 August, 2017

At your service: how exporting more low-carbon services could enhance the UK’s future prosperity

The future of the UK’s trade with the EU and beyond is currently uncertain. What is certain is that the UK will need to secure trade deals to guarantee its … read more »

Commentary  8 February, 2017

UK needs free trade with the European Union in low-carbon technologies

The cost of climate change mitigation in the UK will increase without a free trade agreement in low-carbon equipment with the European Union say Maria Carvalho and Damien Dussaux in this commentary article. read more »

Commentary  16 January, 2017

With or without you? Why the European Union’s climate targets will be harder to meet post-Brexit

The UK has played an important role in shaping and advancing European action on climate change. Without it, other Member States will find themselves picking up the slack or the EU will miss its greenhouse gas target for 2030, write Maria Carvalho and Sam Fankhauser. read more »


In the news  11 December, 2015

8 things to know about climate economics

World Economic Forum, 7 December

Commentary  13 November, 2015

The great tamasha of India’s environmental politics

Maria Carvalho writes that India can meet environmental targets and reduce poverty at the same time, but it must overcome significant hurdles to do so. read more »

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Grantham Workshop 19 Oct 2016

Grantham Workshop | Maria Carvalho 'Accessing knowledge spillovers through international research collaborations: analysis of solar PV innovation networks'

Maria Carvalho, a Policy Analyst at the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment, will be the speaker for this seminar.


Public Lectures 20 Nov 2013

Climate Change and Cocktails

Speakers: Included David Stainforth, Naomi Hicks, Maria Carvalho, Amelia Sharman, David Wilson and Murray Collins Climate change experts from the Grantham Research Institute at the LSE and at Imperial College … read more »

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