Biodiversity represents the variety and variability of life on Earth – the diversity of nature. It underpins and is fundamentally affected by human activity. Loss of biodiversity and the need to conserve and engage with nature sustainably is recognized as a crucial goal for humanity as reflected in the UN Convention on Biodiversity. Our work on biodiversity includes recognizing and assessing the functions of natural systems (ecosystem services, nature-based solutions) and valuing nature as an asset (natural capital accounting) alongside valuing its intrinsic worth. Our research is interdisciplinary and global in scope and involves understanding of how people make decisions and behave with respect to nature and how natural systems are impacted through development such as infrastructure and agricultural intensification.
As host of the joint NGFS-INSPIRE Study Group on Biodiversity and Financial Stability, the Grantham Research Institute focuses its research and convening efforts particularly on the role of central banks and financial supervisors in this context.
- What is biodiversity and why does it matter?
- What are the extent and causes of biodiversity loss?
- What is blue finance?
- What is the blue economy?
- What is conservation finance?
- What role do the oceans play in regulating the climate and supporting life on Earth?
- How is climate change affecting the oceans and what are the impacts for people?
- What is the UN Biodiversity Conference?
- What are nature-based solutions to climate change?
- What is the role of deforestation in climate change and how can ‘Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation’ (REDD+) help?
- To what extent could planting trees help solve climate change?