Part of a series of Climate Innovation Insights published by Climate-KIC.

Key messages

  • Limiting global warming to 1.5°C, the target under the Paris Agreement, will require massive investments in low-carbon innovation.
  • After two decades of growth, patent filings for low-carbon technologies, and public research and development (R&D) expenditures on climate innovation, have both decreased in recent years.
  • Higher and more stable carbon prices than exist today are necessary for sustained investment in low-carbon technologies.
  • Public support for climate-related R&D is needed at all stages of innovation, but governments mostly support the diffusion of existing technologies.
  • Public support for technologies further away from market must increase substantially to achieve climate targets.

External link to publication

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