This article suggests that some or all G-20 Emerging Markets (GEMs = Argentina, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Korea, Mexico, South Africa, and Turkey) could seize the climate policy agenda and open up these broader opportunities with a coordinated, self-interested announcement to exploit the fear of “losing the low-carbon race” in the West. Such a strategy would likely thwart resistance within Annex 1 countries to action on climate change which would be to the benefit of GEMs. Irrespective of Annex 1 action, however, without early action by the GEMs, they themselves risk bearing the impacts of dangerous climate change.


Hepburn, C., and Ward, J. May 2011. Self-interested low-carbon growth in G-20 emerging markets. Global Journal of Emerging Market Economies, v.3, pp.195-222.

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