This policy brief aims to assist negotiators, policy experts, and civil society in navigating the discussions on pre-2020 ambition towards a constructive and effective deliberation. It is based on a review of negotiating documents and decisions; submissions by Parties to the UNFCCC; analysis by academics and intergovernmental organisations; and informal interviews with negotiators representing developing and developed countries.

The brief provides an overview of the history of the negotiations; plans for upcoming sessions; key issues under discussion; and progress on implementation. It concludes with a set of key questions and recommendations for negotiators.

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