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This paper empirically estimates the material demand requirements for so-called ‘transition-critical materials’ (TCMs) implied under two climate scenarios and finds potentially serious supply ‘bottlenecks’ for three materials – copper, lithium and nickel – which are exacerbated if the transition is delayed. Read more

Containing global temperature rise to well below 2°C would require keeping a large proportion of existing fossil fuel reserves in the ground. This would result in fossil fuel resources that cannot be burned and fossil fuel infrastructure that is no longer used – these are known as ‘stranded assets’. Read more

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