Supplying clean energy in developing countries: Evidence on the role of NGOs in the Himalayas | Subhrendu Pattanayak
Subhrendu K. Pattanayakis the Oak Professor of Environmental and Energy Policy at Duke University.
He will be presenting his paper ‘Supplying clean energy in developing countries: Evidence on the role of NGOs in the Himalayas’
Abstract: As air pollution (ambient & indoors) gets worse, especially in Asia, economists have entered this fray by drawing attention to preferences & constraints faced by households (as well as firms, governments, NGOs) using rigorous quantitative approaches. We illustrate one such example, drawing on a multiyear multi-stage experimental study in the Himalayas to promote electric cooking. By combining a stratified field experiment in India with a triple-differences estimation strategy, we show that a local development NGO’s prior engagement with target communities increases the effectiveness of a technology-promotion intervention implemented by it by at least 30 percent. This “NGO effect” has implications for the generalizability and scalability of evidence from experimental research conducted with local implementation partners.
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