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This paper investigates the role of multi-stakeholder partnerships (MSPs) in supporting the development of enabling conditions for adaptation to climate change among micro, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in developing countries, with a focus on Kenya. Read more

This paper describes an experiment on a nationally representative sample of UK households that aimed to quantify resistance to smart meter adoption and test for the existence of commonly cited market failures that inhibit the adoption of energy-saving technologies. The authors measured if households would adopt a smart meter without financial compensation and, for those households unwilling to do so, the subsidy level that would be necessary to persuade them. Read more

Multilateral development institutions often use performance-based allocation (PBA), mathematical formulas based on a list of performance criteria, to inform the allocation of development assistance or environmental funding. The way the formulas are designed can have material and often unintended consequences on the allocation of funds; this paper highlights a particular problem called the ‘cardinal fallacy’. Read more

This paper assesses the effectiveness and interactions of different policies aimed at reducing carbon dioxide emissions, using a macro-financial framework. The research aims to provide central banks and similar institutions with the tools to contribute to climate change mitigation and demonstrates the importance of including these institutions in the push to reduce global emission levels. Read more

Analysing household data from 16 developing countries across Asia and Africa, this paper examines the landscape of access to and sources of financial services. The results shed new light on how insurance uptake could be increased through more tailored and targeted products and services that are designed to meet local needs and requirements in the face of climate and other shocks. Read more

Following reform of the EU emissions trading system (ETS) in 2018 further regulatory amendments are on the horizon as part of the 2021 review. This paper evaluates and compares the impacts of realistic regulatory changes within the ETS to inform the 2021 review and raise ambition, examining two main policy levers: the linear reduction factor and the market stability reserve. Read more

This paper explores the role of national laws in determining the nature of flood risk management (FRM) and in particular the ability to increase flood resilience in the context of climate change. The authors therefore call for a shift in FRM away from post-event activism towards forward-looking planning through an anticipatory resilience approach. Read more

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