Implementing the Paris Agreement

panorama of ParisOn 12 December 2015 countries agreed to a new global deal to tackle climate change at the COP 21 in Paris. Supporting the implementation of the Paris Agreement on climate change is a core pillar of the Institute’s research strategy. This includes work on assessing global legislative trends and examining the credibility of emission reduction pledges. In addition the Institute carries out work analysing the international climate negotiation process and exploring key issues such as climate finance for developing countries.

 


Publications and commentaries:

Mexico’s General Law on Climate Change: Key achievements and challenges ahead

Alina Averchenkova, Sandra L Guzman Luna  19 November, 2018

In 2012 Mexico became the first large oil-producing emerging economy to adopt climate legislation. This study assesses the impact of the General Law on Climate Change to date and draws lessons learnt for Mexico and other countries that are currently developing climate change legislation. read more »


Where next for sustainable insurance? Five priorities for the next decade

Where next for sustainable insurance? Five priorities for the next decade

a commentary by Swenja Surminski, Nick Robins, William Irwin  5 November, 2018

This commentary reviews how both the insurance sector and its partners could build on the growing momentum and overcome the continuing barriers to deep implementation of sustainable insurance practices over the coming decade. read more »


Quantifying ambitions: how do countries’ domestic climate change targets align with their commitments to the Paris Agreement?

a commentary by Michal Nachmany, Emily Mangan, Georgina Kyriacou  29 October, 2018

To feed into the Talanoa Dialogue, the Grantham Research Institute and the World Resources Institute have been taking stock of the quantified climate targets set by different Parties to the Paris Agreement. read more »


Aligning national and international climate targets

Michal Nachmany, Emily Mangan  29 October, 2018

The quantified climate change targets in countries’ Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to the Paris Agreement and those in national laws and policies are compared in this brief, a submission to the Talanoa Dialogue. read more »


As South Africa’s carbon tax is delayed again what is the story so far?

a commentary by Patrick Curran  24 October, 2018

Patrick Curran reflects on a nine-year discussion about carbon pricing and carbon tax in South Africa as the country’s government postpones the tax’s implementation once again. read more »


Climate change governance in Tanzania: challenges and opportunities

Michal Nachmany  22 October, 2018

The policy brief outlines the key governance challenges Tanzania faces in implementing its climate policies, describes the drivers of and barriers to climate-relevant policy processes, and concludes with policy recommendations. read more »


What does the UK need to do to make a realistic attempt at ‘net-zero’?

a commentary by Sam Fankhauser  16 October, 2018

The Government is seeking advice on how the UK can achieve ‘net-zero’ emissions from across the economy. But why is net-zero on the table and what would it take to achieve it? read more »


The role of independent bodies in climate governance: the UK’s Committee on Climate Change

The role of independent bodies in climate governance: the UK’s Committee on Climate Change

10 years on from its establishment, this report assesses the role of the independent Committee on Climate Change (CCC) in shaping UK climate policy, drawing out lessons for international and domestic policymakers. read more »


Making finance climate-consistent: how could the UK implement Article 2.1.c of the Paris Agreement?

Making finance climate-consistent: how could the UK implement Article 2.1.c of the Paris Agreement?

a commentary by Nick Robins  24 September, 2018

The Paris Agreement does not just commit countries to cut emissions. All countries also need to put in place a policy framework for climate-consistent finance. Nick Robins argues that the UK could take a leadership position by setting out how this complex task could be achieved. read more »


Speech by Lord Stern at the Global Climate Action Summit in San Francisco on 13 September 2018

a commentary by Nicholas Stern  14 September, 2018

My argument is simple. The transition to the zero-carbon economy is the inclusive growth story of the 21st century. Let me explain. The world economy must grow over the next … read more »


Policy coherence for sustainable development in sub-Saharan Africa

Policy coherence for sustainable development in sub-Saharan Africa

Patrick Curran, Andrew J. Dougill, Joanna Pardoe, Katharine Vincent  1 August, 2018

Coherent, cross-sectoral approaches to policy development are essential to meeting the Paris Agreement on climate change and the Sustainable Development Goals. Drawing on research from southern Africa, this brief makes recommendations for improving coherence, which is currently partial to weak across the region. read more »


‘The Australian’ promotes Bjorn Lomborg’s lukewarmer propaganda

‘The Australian’ promotes Bjorn Lomborg’s lukewarmer propaganda

a commentary by Bob Ward  16 July, 2018

A new article in ‘The Australian’ exposes once again the hypocrisy of the newspaper’s editor, John Lehmann, and the shameless myth-making about climate change carried out by Dr Bjorn Lomborg. … read more »


The economic reasons to act on climate change, and to act immediately

The economic reasons to act on climate change, and to act immediately

Nicholas Stern  6 July, 2018

This Policy Insight is the text to accompany a presentation delivered by Lord Stern at the Vatican on 5 July 2018 at the International Conference on the Third Anniversary of Laudato Si’: Saving our Common Home and the Future of Life on Earth. read more »


The best of centuries or the worst of centuries: Leadership, governance and cohesion in an interdependent world

The best of centuries or the worst of centuries: Leadership, governance and cohesion in an interdependent world

Nicholas Stern  21 June, 2018

The world has built a remarkable global agenda. Nicholas Stern explains the urgency of rising collectively to the challenges and describes how the necessary political will can be built to deliver the strong decisions we need, at sufficient pace. read more »


Towards Paris-compatible climate governance frameworks

Towards Paris-compatible climate governance frameworks

Alina Averchenkova  21 June, 2018

This report seeks to draw upon the composite lessons learned at domestic and subnational levels and aims to respond to three fundamental questions facing policymakers and stakeholders at national and … read more »


Global trends in climate change legislation and litigation: 2018 snapshot

Michal Nachmany, Joana Setzer  30 April, 2018

This brief summarises the most recent trends in climate change litigation and legislation, now with global coverage. read more »


Supporting adaptation to climate change among businesses and households in semi-arid lands: an agenda for the Talanoa Dialogue

Supporting adaptation to climate change among businesses and households in semi-arid lands: an agenda for the Talanoa Dialogue

This briefing note submits learning to the Talanoa Dialogue process from PRISE on supporting private adaptation to climate change by households and businesses in semi-arid lands. read more »


Credible implementation of the Paris Agreement: Input to the Talanoa Dialogue

Credible implementation of the Paris Agreement: Input to the Talanoa Dialogue

This submission to the Talanoa Dialogue covers themes of climate legislation, institutions and governance, and the credibility of climate change commitments. read more »


10 years of the UK Climate Change Act – Summary

10 years of the UK Climate Change Act – Summary

This policy brief is a condensed version of our report on the Climate Change Act, summarising lessons for the UK and other countries, on how climate change legislation is best structured to be effective. read more »


10 years of the UK Climate Change Act

10 years of the UK Climate Change Act

a research article by Sam Fankhauser, Alina Averchenkova, Jared J. Finnegan  30 March, 2018

This report summarises lessons from the Climate Change Act, for the UK and other countries, on how climate change legislation is best structured to be effective. read more »


Linking permit markets multilaterally

a working paper by Baran Doda, Simon Quemin, Luca Taschini  13 March, 2018

This paper develops a novel theoretical tool with which a jurisdiction can evaluate the economic gains it can expect to obtain by linking its emissions trading system (ETS) to one, two or many ETSs at the same time. read more »


President Trump’s fake news about climate change

a commentary by Bob Ward  30 January, 2018

President Trump again demonstrated that he is a major source of fake news about climate change. In an interview with Piers Morgan President Trump’s answers revealed the very deep level of his ignorance. read more »


To build or not to build? Capital stocks and climate policy

To build or not to build? Capital stocks and climate policy

a working paper by Elizabeth Baldwin, Yongyang Cai, Karlygash Kuralbayeva  18 January, 2018

To achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement, the use of fossil fuels must peak and then rapidly decline. This research investigates the impact of climate change policy on capital invested in fossil fuel power plants, especially coal – so-called ‘dirty’ assets. read more »


Cumulative carbon emissions and economic policy: in search of general principles

Cumulative carbon emissions and economic policy: in search of general principles

a working paper by Simon Dietz, Frank Venmans  8 November, 2017

The authors of this paper have built a model of economically-efficient carbon dioxide emissions, which provides solutions for economically optimal peak warming of the planet, optimal emissions along the transition to peak warming, and optimal carbon prices, including under a temperature constraint consistent with the Paris Agreement. read more »


Economic co-benefits of reducing CO2 emissions outweigh the cost of mitigation for most big emitters

a commentary by Kirk Hamilton  3 November, 2017

A new report by the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change helps to dispel some of the gloomy arithmetic of climate change by providing evidence on the scale and range of ancillary benefits that derive from reducing emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases. read more »


China’s leadership in fostering and financing infrastructure investment for a sustainable and dynamic future

China’s leadership in fostering and financing infrastructure investment for a sustainable and dynamic future

A previous draft of this report was published as a background paper submission to the China Development Forum 2017. An 8-page summary policy brief is also available.  Headline issue China … read more »


China’s leadership on sustainable infrastructure: lessons for the world

China’s leadership on sustainable infrastructure: lessons for the world

China is taking an active leadership role in a new global agenda that has sustainable infrastructure at its heart – an agenda that is starting to address the … read more »


Trump’s withdrawal from the Paris Agreement: what next for international climate policy?

a commentary by Robert Falkner  5 June, 2017

How damaging is Trump’s move to the Paris Agreement and international climate policy? And what can be done to contain the ‘Trump effect’? read more »


A bargaining experiment on heterogeneity and side deals in climate negotiations

A bargaining experiment on heterogeneity and side deals in climate negotiations

a research article by Greer Gosnell, Alessandro Tavoni  5 May, 2017

The recent global climate change agreement in Paris leaves a wide gap between pledged and requisite emissions reductions in keeping with the commonly accepted 2 °C target. A recent strand of … read more »


Long-term scenarios: Energy pathways in the UK

a research article by Alessandro Tavoni  6 March, 2017

The bottom-up approach promoted through the Paris Agreement and signed in 2016 requires the definition of accurate and realistic national pathways to cut emissions. A recent study applied to … read more »


Equity and national mitigation

Equity and national mitigation

a research article by Dimitri Zenghelis  1 January, 2017

A diverse range of approaches, including contributions based on national interest and local benefits of climate action, is needed to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement. Now, research considers how equitable approaches may play a role. read more »


Effective and geographically balanced? An output based assessment of non-state climate actions

Effective and geographically balanced? An output based assessment of non-state climate actions

a research article by Sander Chan, Robert Falkner, Matthew Goldberg, Harro van Asselt  21 November, 2016

Climate actions by non-state and subnational actors are an important complement to the multilateral climate regime and the associated contributions made by national governments. Although such actions hold much potential, … read more »


Assessing the consistency of national mitigation actions in the G20 with the Paris Agreement

Alina Averchenkova, Sini Matikainen  17 November, 2016

This study uses the ‘Paris consistency monitor’ to assess whether the past and present action by G20 countries on climate mitigation is consistent with meeting the key requirements of the Paris Agreement. read more »


Climate policy in China, the European Union and the United States: main drivers and prospects for the future

Alina Averchenkova, Samuela Bassi, Keith J. Benes, Fergus Green, Augustin Lagarde, Isabella Neuweg, Georg Zachmann  17 November, 2016

This report assesses the domestic constraints and opportunities for the development of climate policy in China, the EU and the US. read more »


Climate change, development, poverty and economics

Climate change, development, poverty and economics

a working paper by Sam Fankhauser, Nicholas Stern  17 October, 2016

Putting the SDGs and Paris Agreement together, the agreements of 2015 have given us, for the first time, a global agenda for sustainable development applying to all countries. This paper sets out the implications of this agenda, and climate change in particular, for development economics and development policy. read more »


Ratification of Paris Agreement is bad news for Donald Trump

a commentary by Bob Ward  6 September, 2016

The announcement that the US and China have both ratified the Paris Agreement is likely to make it more difficult for Donald Trump, if he becomes President, to renege on the international commitment on climate change made by Barack Obama’s administration. read more »


Robert Falkner

The Paris Agreement and the new logic of international climate politics

a research article by Robert Falkner  31 August, 2016

This article reviews and assesses the outcome of the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP-21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), held in Paris in … read more »


A bargaining experiment on heterogeneity and side deals in climate negotiations

a working paper by Greer Gosnell, Alessandro Tavoni  15 August, 2016

The recent global climate change agreement in Paris leaves a wide gap between pledged and requisite emissions reductions in keeping with the commonly accepted 2°C target. A recent strand of … read more »


Is green the new black gold?

Is green the new black gold?

Dimitri Zenghelis  21 April, 2016

In this talk, Dimitri Zenghelis presents the importance of the Paris accord in which it was agreed to limit the increase in global temperature. He further presents the reasons that … read more »


Comment on ‘Impact of Current Climate Proposals’

Comment on ‘Impact of Current Climate Proposals’

a research article by Bob Ward  23 February, 2016

A response to ‘Impact of Current Climate Proposals’ Bjorn Lomborg Global Policy, Volume 7, Issue 1, pages 125–126, February 2016


A breakthrough in Paris

a commentary by Dimitri Zenghelis  4 February, 2016

The deal reached in Paris at the end of last year was a remarkable outcome. This is not because of the ambition associated with national pledges. These remain voluntary and … read more »


Beyond the targets: assessing the political credibility of pledges for the Paris Agreement

Alina Averchenkova, Samuela Bassi  1 February, 2016

This report provides the results of an analysis of “intended nationally determined contributions”, or INDCs, that were submitted by countries ahead of the Paris Agreement on climate change. read more »


Davos 2016: First steps along the road from Paris

a commentary by Nicholas Stern  27 January, 2016

Nicholas Stern reflects on how the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum in Davos represented the first step on the way to implementing the Paris Agreement. read more »


The Paris Agreement is highly ambitious and very clever  

The Paris Agreement is highly ambitious and very clever  

a commentary by Michael Jacobs  19 December, 2015

Visiting researcher, Michael Jacobs, on why the Paris Agreement provides a strong basis for future global action on climate change. read more »


How the UK benefits from the Paris Agreement on climate change

How the UK benefits from the Paris Agreement on climate change

a commentary by Nicholas Stern  17 December, 2015

The UK should have a safer future as a result of the Paris Agreement that was adopted by more than 190 countries at the United Nations climate change summit on … read more »


COP21: How credible are the INDCs commitments?

COP21: How credible are the INDCs commitments?

a commentary by Samuela Bassi  13 December, 2015

After the successful conclusion of the 21st Conference of the Party (COP21), attention is now likely to focus on what countries have promised in their so called ‘Intended Nationally Determined … read more »


Comment on ‘Impact of Current Climate Proposals’ by Bjorn Lomborg

a working paper by Bob Ward  1 December, 2015

This paper claims there is a fundamental methodological flaw in a recent paper by Bjorn Lomborg which seeks to investigate the temperature reduction impact of major climate policy proposals. read more »


The Road to Paris: Look beneath the surface for the new climate politics

The Road to Paris: Look beneath the surface for the new climate politics

a commentary by Robert Falkner  30 November, 2015

Associate, Robert Falkner writes that, beneath the surface of diplomatic wrangling at the Paris climate summit, new drivers of global climate policy are making themselves heard. read more »


United Nations

Strengthening non-state climate action: a progress assessment of commitments launched at the 2014 UN Climate Summit

a working paper by Sander Chan, Robert Falkner, Harro van Asselt, Matthew Goldberg  23 November, 2015

This report provides the first progress assessment of climate actions launched at the 2014 UN Climate Summit in New York. read more »


Intended nationally determined contributions: what are the implications for greenhouse gas emissions in 2030?

Rodney Boyd, Joe Cranston Turner, Bob Ward  30 October, 2015

This analysis considers whether the INDCs that were submitted by 23 October 2015 are consistent with a reasonable chance of not exceeding the 2°C warming limit. read more »


The road to Paris and beyond

The road to Paris and beyond

This paper shows that effective international cooperation can help the world develop along a 2°C pathway and adapt to the climatic changes already locked-in as a result of past and ongoing greenhouse gas emissions. read more »


Reflections on the latest report by the Global Commission on the Economy and the Climate

Reflections on the latest report by the Global Commission on the Economy and the Climate

a commentary by Michael Jacobs  8 July, 2015

Visiting Professor Michael Jacobs explains the key findings of the latest report by The New Climate Economy which outlines 10 practical measures to boost economic growth & reduce climate risk. read more »