Decarbonising electricity

electricityPylon_sThe power sector, the largest source of UK emissions, must be largely decarbonised by 2030 if the UK is to reduce emissions consistent with its statutory carbon budgets. A low-carbon power sector is also important to enable the decarbonisation of the transport and heating sectors (the second and third largest sources of UK emissions, respectively) through their electrification.

The Institute leads research on the policy regime, low-carbon technologies and grid upgrades required to facilitate electricity sector decarbonisation, and its potential to unlock growth and innovation opportunities.

 

Publications and commentaries:

Economic growth and development with low-carbon energy

Economic growth and development with low-carbon energy

a working paper by Samuel Fankhauser, Frank Jotzo  23 March, 2017

Energy is needed for economic growth, and access to cheap, reliable energy is an essential development objective. However, in the future access to fossil fuel-based energy will need to be … read more »


Methods for strengthening a weak instrument in the case of a persistent treatment

Methods for strengthening a weak instrument in the case of a persistent treatment

a working paper by Michel Berthélemy, Petyo Bonev, Damien Dussaux, Magnus Söderberg  28 February, 2017

When evaluating policy treatments that are persistent and endogenous, available instrumental variables often exhibit more variation over time than the treatment variable. This leads to a weak instrumental variable problem, … read more »


The cost of adapting to climate change: evidence from the US residential sector

The cost of adapting to climate change: evidence from the US residential sector

a working paper by François Cohen, Matthieu Glachant, Magnus Söderberg  1 February, 2017

Using household-level data from the American Housing Survey, this paper assesses the cost of adapting housing to temperature increases. The authors account for both energy use adjustments and capital adjustments through investments in weatherization and heating and cooling equipment. read more »


Muddled and inflated figures about power decarbonisation

Muddled and inflated figures about power decarbonisation

a commentary by Bob Ward  21 December, 2016

It is vitally important that the public debate about the UK’s options for managing the risks of climate change is based on reliable and authoritative information about the costs. Unfortunately, … read more »


A more sustainable energy strategy for India

a policy report by Montek Singh Ahluwalia, Himanshu Gupta, Nicholas Stern  28 July, 2016

The COP-21 meeting in Paris produced an important result. For the first time all countries developed and developing agreed to take some mitigation action. However even if all countries deliver on what … read more »


Co-benefits and trade-offs in the water–energy nexus of irrigation modernization in China

Co-benefits and trade-offs in the water–energy nexus of irrigation modernization in China

a research article by Declan Conway  15 July, 2016

There are strong interdependencies between water use in agriculture and energy consumption as water saving technologies can require increased pumping and pressurizing. The Chinese Government includes water efficiency improvement … read more »


Climate and southern Africa’s water–energy–food nexus

Climate and southern Africa’s water–energy–food nexus

a research article by Declan Conway, Carole Dalin, Delphine Deryng  26 August, 2015

In southern Africa, the connections between climate and the water–energy–food nexus are strong. Physical and socioeconomic exposure to climate is high in many areas and in crucial economic sectors. Spatial … read more »


Tracing the water-energy-food nexus: description, theory and practice

Tracing the water-energy-food nexus: description, theory and practice

a research article by Hayley Leck, Declan Conway, Judith Rees  17 August, 2015

The ‘nexus’ between water, energy and food (WEF) has gained increasing attention globally in research, business and policy spheres. We review the premise of recent initiatives framed around the nexus, … read more »


The allocation of energy resources in the very long run

The allocation of energy resources in the very long run

a research article by Roger Fouquet  8 June, 2015

Journal of Natural Resources Policy Research, 2015. Vol. 7, Nos. 2-3, 147-156, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19390459.2015.1050786


Long run demand for energy services: income and price elasticities over 200 years

a research article by Roger Fouquet  27 June, 2014

Data Set on the Consumption of Energy and Energy Services (1300-2008). Fouquet, R. (2014) Review of Environmental Economics and Policy 8(2).
read more »


The British Feed-in Tariff for small renewable energy systems: Can it be made fairer?

a policy paper  1 October, 2013

The British Feed-in Tariff (FiT) scheme, which launched in April 2010, pays £500 million each year to the owners of small scale renewable energy installations for the clean … read more »


The Climate Change Act

The Climate Change Act

a briefing note by Samuela Bassi, Bob Ward, Dimitri Zenghelis  1 September, 2013

The Climate Change Act received Royal Assent on 26 November 2008 and set an overarching target to reduce UK greenhouse gas emissions by at least 80 per cent by … read more »


Climate change policy UK

Climate change policy UK

a briefing note by Chris Duffy, Alex Bowen  18 August, 2013

The Grantham Research Institute for Climate Change and the Environment and the Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy (CCCEP) have published a policy paper, originally commissioned as a working paper … read more »


No Country is an Energy Island: Securing Investment for the EU’s Future

No Country is an Energy Island: Securing Investment for the EU’s Future

a policy report by Dimitri Zenghelis  20 May, 2013

European Union Committee – Evidence with Martin Wolf – May 2013 – External link to report


Handbook on Energy and Climate Change

Handbook on Energy and Climate Change

a book by Roger Fouquet  3 April, 2013

Fouquet, R. 2013. Edward Elgar Publications. Cheltenham, UK, and Northampton, MA, USA.


Decarbonising electricity generation

Decarbonising electricity generation

a policy paper by Samuela Bassi, Chris Duffy  1 April, 2013

The power sector is one of the largest sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the UK and must be largely decarbonised by 2030 if the Government is … read more »


A UK ‘dash’ for smart gas

A UK ‘dash’ for smart gas

a policy report by Samuela Bassi, Samuel Fankhauser, Bob Ward  1 March, 2013

Shifting from coal to natural gas for electricity generation can help the UK power sector to decarbonise in the near term. With good planning and investment, natural gas can support the development of a low-carbon power sector by providing essential backup for intermittent renewables, but could only play a bigger role longer-term if fitted with carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology.

However, a new UK ‘dash’ for gas on the assumption of low prices is a risky economic and environmental option. A lower risk option is a ‘dash’ for smart gas; using natural gas in those areas where it offers the greatest value in decarbonising the power sector. read more »



Submission to House of Lords inquiry into EU energy policy

Submission to House of Lords inquiry into EU energy policy

a policy report by Dimitri Zenghelis  20 October, 2012

October 2012 – External link to submission


Economy and energy

Economy and energy

a research article by Roger Fouquet  3 June, 2012

Yeager, K., F. Dayo, M. Dominik, R. Fouquet, A. Gilau, R. Hosier, A. Miller, S. Rao, S. Sethi. 2012. In: N. Nakicenovic, L. Gomez-Echeverri and T.B. Johansson (eds.) Global Energy … read more »


The long run demand for lighting: elasticities and rebound effects in different phases of economic development.

The long run demand for lighting: elasticities and rebound effects in different phases of economic development.

a research article by Roger Fouquet  3 June, 2012

Fouquet, R., and P.J.G. Pearson. 2012. Economics of Energy and Environmental Policy, v.1, pp.83-100.


The demand for environmental quality in driving transitions to low-polluting energy sources

The demand for environmental quality in driving transitions to low-polluting energy sources

a research article by Roger Fouquet  3 June, 2012

Fouquet, R. 2012. Energy Policy 50 (Special Issue on Past and Prospective Energy Transitions), pp.130-41.


The case for and against onshore wind energy in the UK

The case for and against onshore wind energy in the UK

a briefing note by Samuela Bassi, Alex Bowen, Samuel Fankhauser  1 June, 2012

This policy brief investigates the extent to which onshore wind can contribute to future electricity generation, whether there are technological constraints, what the economic costs are and what the … read more »


A practitioner’s guide to a low-carbon economy: lessons from the UK

A practitioner’s guide to a low-carbon economy: lessons from the UK

a policy paper by Samuel Fankhauser  1 January, 2012

This paper identifies practical lessons for policy makers that seek to decarbonise their economies, drawing primarily on the UK experience. There are five main conclusions. First, decarbonisation needs a … read more »


Trends in income and price elasticities of transport demand (1850-2010)

Trends in income and price elasticities of transport demand (1850-2010)

a research article by Roger Fouquet  1 January, 2012

Fouquet, R. 2012. Energy Policy 50 (Special Issue on Past and Prospective Energy Transitions), pp.62-71.


Long run trends in energy-related external costs.

Long run trends in energy-related external costs.

a research article by Roger Fouquet  3 June, 2011

Fouquet, R. 2011. Ecological Economics, v.70, pp.2380-9


The slow search for solutions: lessons from historical energy transitions by sector and service.

The slow search for solutions: lessons from historical energy transitions by sector and service.

a research article by Roger Fouquet  3 June, 2010

Fouquet, R. 2010. Energy Policy, v.38, pp.6586-96.


A brief history of energy

A brief history of energy

a research article by Roger Fouquet  3 June, 2009

In: Hunt, L. and J. Evans (eds.). 2009.  International Handbook of the Economics of Energy. Edward Elgar Publications. Cheltenham, UK, and Northampton, MA, USA.


Heat, Power and Light: revolutions in energy services

Heat, Power and Light: revolutions in energy services

a book by Roger Fouquet  3 June, 2008

Fouquet, R. 2008. Edward Elgar Publications. Cheltenham, UK, and Northampton, MA, USA.


Seven centuries of energy services: the price and use of lighting in the United Kingdom (1300-2000).

Seven centuries of energy services: the price and use of lighting in the United Kingdom (1300-2000).

a research article by Roger Fouquet  3 June, 2006

Fouquet, R., and Pearson, P.J.G. 2006.  The Energy Journal, v.27, pp.139-77.