What constitutes ‘good policing’? Improving police interactions with victim-survivors of rape and other sexual offences (method: survey) | Jonathan Jackson | 2022-2023
Project context: Operation Soteria–Bluestone is a comprehensive academic-police programme that aims to radically and sustainably improve procedural justice and outcome justice for rape and other sexual offences.
Part of Operation Soteria-Bluestone focuses on what ‘good’ policing looks like from the point of view of the victim-survivor. We expand procedural justice theory to include a wider array of relational signals that police officers send through their actions, decisions and demeanour in the context of rape investigations.
Breaking down police actions along various dimensions, we test whether justice is experienced by victim-survivors along various behavioural and identity-relevant dimensions, including being treated with respect and dignity, being believed, kept informed and taken seriously, being shown that society cares about justice in the context of gender-based violence, and signalling that they could get some kind of closure—that they are not defined by their experience.
In addition to documenting people’s subjective experiences, we also explore some of the factors linked to secondary traumatisation (where the police response creates further distress and emotional pain) and people’s willingness to report gender-based violence in the future.
This survey-based study sits alongside further the work on “Victim engagement” carried out by "Pillar 3" of Operation Soteria-Bluestone, led by Kelly Johnson (University of Glasgow).
Read more about the study or see coverage in The Guardian