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Research toolkit

Rigorous quantitative and qualitative methods are vital to sustain evidence-based policy. This raises crucial questions of reliability, validity, comparability and research ethics.

The EU Kids Online network has worked hard to develop its research toolkit. We are keen that our insights and our methods are used by researchers and research users internationally.

Our research toolkit has several elements. They are provided below.

Frequently asked questions

Guidance for researchers working with children and online technologies is provided as frequently asked questions and as a complete pdf.

Cross-national comparative research design

We explain our approach to comparative research here.

Quantitative (survey) toolkit

For researchers who wish to conduct new surveys on children’s internet use, whether in particular countries or on particular topics, we have thoroughly revised and updated our original 2010 survey instrument. Please find below the 2017  survey questionnaire:

Original EU Kids Online survey questionnaires 2010 

Data set for the original 25 country survey

The raw dataset is freely available from the UK Data Archive (requires registration). 

While users need to register to use the data set they can reach all the documentation under the following link:

User Guide:

Data Dictionary:

SES Pack:

Qualitative (interview) toolkit

Technical interviews report

This report explains the design, administration and coding for the nine-country interviews and focus groups conducted with children in 2013-14. For the outcome, see the full report.

Original EU Kids Online topic guides and coding instructions

The research ethics application, invitations to participate in the project, consent forms, topic guides, coding guides and examples of translations and coded interviews can be found here.

Methodological resources

Barbovschi, M., Green, L. and Vandoninck, S. (2013) Innovative approaches to investigating how young children understand risk in new media: Dealing with methodological and ethical challenges. EU Kids Online Network, London, UK.

Ólafsson, K., Livingstone, S. & Haddon, L. (2013) Children's use of online technologies in Europe: A review of the European evidence base. EU Kids Online Network, London, UK.

Lobe, B., Livingstone, S., & Haddon, L. (2007) Researching children's experiences online issues and problems in methodology. EU Kids Online Network, London, UK.

Link to survey and other materials of potential value to future researchers.  

Permission to use these materials

Anyone may use these resources: we just ask you to credit EU Kids Online as the source, and keep us in touch with your results by emailing us at

Our preferred credit would read: This [article/chapter/report/presentation/project] draws on the work of the 'EU Kids Online' network funded by the EC (DG Information Society) Safer Internet Programme (project code SIP-KEP-321803).

These resources are made available by EU Kids Online under the Attributive Non-Commercial Creative Commons License (CC BY-NC 2.0 UK).