Ageing and Health Incentives Lab (AHIL)

We contribute to the understanding of ageing challenges on the health system and of how policy can improve healthy ageing.

Dr Joan Costa-i-Font, Team Leader, AHIL



The Ageing and Health Incentives Lab is a research unit that carries out research and engages with policy practice to find the most adequate solutions to the challenges of ageing and health disadvantage with an international perspective. 

We conduct economic and interdisciplinary research and policy analysis to understand the deep-rooted causes of health disadvantage and inequality across the life course, how to promote healthy ageing and especially the effects of ageing on the health system, and the design of care services and supports.

Our expertise is on health economics, behavioural science, policy and institutional approaches to healthy ageing and disadvantage widely understood. 

Our mission is to produce evidence to improve the design of public policies that impact on ageing and health disadvantage.

Connect with us via Twitter here.

Contact us via healthpolicy-ahil@lse.ac.uk.

Subscribe to the AHIL Newsletter to receive periodical updates about AHIL's publications and activities. 


Research Areas 

  • Economics of healthy ageing
  • Health behaviours in old age
  • Old age health care planning
  • Design of caregiving incentives
  • Wellbeing in old age
  • Attitudes to health inequality
  • Health disadvantage across the life course



Joan Costa-Font (Team Leader)
Professor of Health Economics, Department of Health Policy

+44 (0)20 7955 6484




Miqdad Asaria
Assistant Professorial Research Fellow
LSE Health

+44 (0)20 7955 6377




Adelina Comas Herrera
Assistant Professorial Research Fellow
Care Policy and Evaluation Centre (CPEC)

Room COW.G.02
+44 (0)20 7955 7306



Dr Emily Freeman

Emily Freeman
Assistant Professorial Research Fellow 
Care Policy and Evaluation Centre (CPEC)

Room COW.G.07
+44 (0)20 7106 1422



Rocco 3

Rocco Friebel
Assistant Professor of Health Policy
Department of Health Policy

Room COW.2.09
+44 (0)20 7955 5489




Matteo M Galizzi
Associate Professor of Behavioural Science
Department of Psychological and Behavioural Science

Room CON.4.06
+44 (0)20 7955 6501




Cristina Hernandez Quevedo
Research Fellow
LSE Health

Room COW.4.05
+44 (0)20 7955 6342




Genevieve Jeffrey
PhD Student
Department of Health Policy





SangJune Kim
PhD student
Department of Health Policy




Ilias 200x200

Ilias Kyriopoulos
Assistant Professor 

COW 3.03 
+44 (0)20 7955 5405




Tiziane Leone
Associate Professor in Health and International Development
Department of International Development

CON 8.11 
+44 (0)20 7955 7515




Berkay Özcan
Associate Professor of Social Policy
Department of Social Policy





Nilesh Raut 
LSE Fellow
Department of Health Policy




Ranjeeta 1

Dr Ranjeeta Thomas
Assistant Professor of Health Economics
Department of Health Policy

Room COW 2.07
+44 (0)20 7955 6735



Laia 3

Dr Laia Maynou-Pujolras
LSE Fellow
Department of Health Policy

Room COW.3.03
+44 (0)20 7955 5131




Dr Divya Srivastava

Guest Teacher

Room COW.3.03
+44 (0)20 7107 5131



Stockel Jannis

Dr Jannis Stockel 

Research Officer

Room COW.COW G.08


AHIL is recruiting. Please contact Joan Costa-i-Font for further information on how to get involved.


External Associates


  • Osea Guitella – Assistant Professor, University of Pittsburgh
  • Anna Nicińska – Visiting Scholar and Assistant Professor, University of Warsaw
  • Chiara Orsini - Lecturer in Economics, University of Sheffield 
  • Ricardo Pagan – Visiting Scholar, Associate Professor University of Malaga 
  • Xuezu Shi – Asistant Professor, UIBE Beijing
  • Elisabetta De Cao – Assistant Professor University of Bologna
  • Cristina Vilaplana – Visiting Scholar, Associate Professor, Universidad de Murcia

Steering Committee


Ageing and the Health System

Costa-Font, J and C. Vilaplana (2020) “More than One Red Herring’? Heterogeneous Ageing Effects on Healthcare Use”. Health Economics, 2020, 29: 8-29.

Costa-Font, J, Jimenez-Martin, S and Vilaplana, C (2018)  “Does Long-Term Care Subsidisation Reduce Hospital Admissions?”. Journal of Health Economics, 2018, 58(1): 43–66

Leone, T and Hessel, P (2016) "The effect of social participation on the subjective and objective health status of the over-fifties: evidence from SHARE". Ageing and Society.

Leone, T et al (2012) "Inpatient care of the elderly in Brazil and India: Assessing social inequalities". Social Science & Medicine, 75 (12).

Long Term Care Funding

Costa-Font, J, Frank, R and Akaichi, F (2020).  "Uninsured by Choice? Evidence from a Choice Experiment on Long Term Care Insurance". Journal of Economic Behaviour and Organisation, 2020, 173: 422-434.

 Costa-Font, J, Frank, R and Swartz, K “Access to Long Term Care after a Wealth Shock: Evidence from the Housing Bubble and Burst”. Journal of Economics of Ageing, 2019, 13: 103-110.

Bergquist, B Costa-Font, J and Swartz, K (2018).  “Long-Term Care Partnerships: Are they ‘Fit for Purpose’?”. Journal of Economics of Ageing, 2018, 12: 151-158.

Costa-Font, J and Vilaplana , C (2017). “Does the Expansion of Public Long-Term Care Funding Affect Savings Behaviour?” (with Vilaplana, C). Fiscal Studies, 2017, 38(3): 417-443.

Caregiving Incentives

Costa-Font, J, Jimenez-Martin, S and Viola, A (2021).  “Fatal Underfunding? Explaining COVID-19 Mortality in Spanish Nursing Homes” (with Jimenez-Martin, S and Viola, A) . Journal of Aging and Health, 2021, in press.

Costa-Font, J (2017). “Institutionalisation Aversion and the Willingness to Pay for Home Health Care”. Journal of Housing Economics, 2017, 38: 62-69.

Costa-Font, J with Karlsson, M and H Øien  (2016). “Careful in the Crisis? Determinants of Older People’s Informal Care Receipt in Crisis-Struck European Countries”. Health Economics, 2016, 25(S2): 25-42.

Costa-Font, J and Courbage, C (2015). “Crowding Out of Long-Term Care Insurance: Evidence from European Expectations Data” (with Courbage, C). Health Economics, 2015, 24: S74–S88. 

Costa-Font, J and Courbage, C , Swartz, K (2015). “Financing Long Term Care: Ex-Ante, Ex-Post or Both?”. Health Economics, 2015, 24: S45–S57.

Constraints and Incentives for Health Behaviours

Costa-Font, J and Jofre-Bonet,M and Legrand, J (2020). “Vertical Transmission of Overweight: Evidence from English Adoptees”. Food Policy, 2020, 97, 101972,

Costa-Font, J and Gyori, Mario (2020). “The Weight of Patriarchy? The effect of gender empowerment on obesity gaps in the Middle East” (with Mario Gyori). Social Science and Medicine, 2020, 266, 113353

Costa-Font, J and Jofre-Bonet,M  (2020). “Is the Intergenerational Transmission of Overweight ‘Gender Assortative’?” Economics and Human Biology, 2020, 39, 100907. 

Costa-Font, J and Fleche, S (2020). “Child Sleep and Maternal Labour Market Outcomes”. Journal of Health Economics, 2020, 69,102258 

Espie, A, Luik and Costa-Font, J (2019). “Effect of digital cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia on health, psychological well-being, and sleep-related quality of life: a randomized clinical trial”, 2019, JAMA Psychiatry, 76 (1). 1-10.

Cheng, T, Costa-Font, J and Powdthavee, N (2018). “Do you have to win it to fix it? A longitudinal study of lottery winners and their health care demand”. American Journal of Health Economics, 2018, 4(1): 26-50.

Costa-Font, J and Ljunge, M (2018). "The ‘Healthy Worker Effect’: Do Healthy People Climb the Occupational Ladder?". Economics and Human Biology, 2018, 28 (1): 119-131. 

Leone, T (2019). "Women’s mid-life health in Low and Middle Income Countries: A comparative analysis of the timing and speed of health deterioration in six countries". SSM Population Health, 7.

Leone, T et al (2018). "Age of despair or age of hope? Palestinian women's perspectives on midlife health".The Lancet.

Health Inequality

Costa-Font, J., Hernandez-Quevedo, C., & Sato, A. (2018). A health ‘Kuznets’ curve’? Cross-sectional and longitudinal evidence on concentration indices’. Social indicators research136(2), 439-452.

Costa-Font, J., Hernandez-Quevedo, C and Jiménez-Rubio, D (2014).  “Income Inequalities in Unhealthy Lifestyles in England and Spain”. Economics and Human Biology, 2014, 13: 66-75.

Working papers

1.     Asaria, Miqdad & Costa-Font, Joan & Cowell, Frank A., 2021. "How Does Exposure to COVID-19 Influence Health and Income Inequality Aversion?," IZA Discussion Papers 14103, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

2.     Costa-Font, Joan & Nicinska, Anna, 2020. "Comrades in the Family? Soviet Communism and Informal Family Insurance," IZA Discussion Papers 13850, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

3.     Costa-Font, Joan & Gyori, Mario, 2020. "Can Unearned Income Make Us Fitter? Evidence from Lottery Wins," IZA Discussion Papers 13903, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

4.     Joan Costa-i-Font & Belen Saenz de Miera Juarez, 2018. "Working Times and Overweight: Tight Schedules, Weaker Fitness?," CESifo Working Paper Series 7174, CESifo.


The Covid-19 crisis reveals how much we value old age, Joan Costa-Font, LSE Business Review, 2020.

Behavioral Insights for Old Age Planning, Joan Costa-Font, BehavioralEconomics.com, 2020. 





We are pleased to invite submissions for a Workshop on the Economics of Long-Term Care and Healthy Aging, which is jointly organized by IZA, CINCH, University of Duisburg-Essen and AHIL, London School of Economics.

Researchers interested in participating should submit a full paper or extended abstract by 8 April, 2022

Click here for more informaiton


Previous events




Dr Richard Frank, Senior Fellow in Economic Studies at the Brookings Institution and Director of the USC-Brookings Schaeffer Initiative for Health Policy

Lasting Scars: The Impact of Depression in Early Adulthood on Subsequent Labour Market Outcomes

In this study, we examine how depression in early adulthood affects subsequent labour market outcomes. We find that conditional on employment, people meeting diagnostic criteria for depression before age 36 have lower chances of being employed in occupations requiring non-routine cognitive skills, earn 10% lower hourly wages (conditional on occupation), work 120-180 fewer hours annually and earn 24% lower annual incomes. We find that 23% to 52% of the income penalty of early adult depression is attributed to its disruption of human capital accumulation and 22%-40% of the impact is attributed to its association with future depression.



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LSE Health, Cowdray House, London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE

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