The Class

Living and learning in a digital age

The place of school in young people's lives and learning is changing. In today's digitally connected world, traditional boundaries between school and home, information and communication, learning and playing seem blurred, even reversed - with learning happening at home or with peers online while school is a key site for social activities and the authority of teachers is challenged.

Recognising that young people's lives are diverse, uneven and complex, this research project examines the emerging mix of on- and offline experiences in teenagers' daily learning lives. We focus on the fluctuating web of peer-to-peer networks that may cut across institutional boundaries, adult values and established practices of learning and leisure.

Working with an ordinary London school, we followed the networks within and beyond a single class of 13-14 year olds at home, school and elsewhere over the course of an academic year - observing social interactions in and between lessons; conducting interviews with children, parents, teachers and relevant others; and mapping out-of-school engagements with digital networking technologies to reveal both patterns of use and the quality and meaning of such engagements as they shape the learning opportunities of young people. The research findings are presented as a book (available to read for free online) from New York University Press as The Class: Living and Learning in a Digital Age in 2016 through the Connected Learning Alliance.

Key research questions include:

  • How do social relationships shape forms of learning in and out of school? And how do forms of learning shape social relationships?
  • How do young people use digital technologies within their daily activities within and beyond the classroom, as part of their ‘learning lives’, and under what conditions is this constructive, enabling or impeding?
  • How is youthful engagement with digital technologies shaped by the formal or informal practices, opportunities or risks, empowerment or constraints of the institutions and spaces in which learning occurs?
  • Insofar as these technological mediations enable or complement learning, can this be harnessed constructively to develop future recommendations?

Project Team

Principal Investigator

Professor Sonia Livingstone

Associated researchers and staff

Dr Julian Sefton-Green

Dr Svenja Ottovordemgentschenfelde

Dr Rafal Zaborowski

Related research

Preparing for a Digital Future


This project was part of the Connected Learning Research Network directed by Mimi Ito at the University of California, Irvine and funded by The MacArthur Foundation as part of its Digital Media Learning program. 'The class' ran from 2011-2014, directed by Sonia Livingstone ( ) in collaboration with Julian Sefton-Green ( 



Livingstone, S., and Sefton-Green, J. (2017) Class in “The Class”: Conservative, Competitive and (Dis)connected. In Deery, J., and Press, A. (Eds) Media and Class: TV, film, and digital culture (pp.176-188). New York: Routledge.

Livingstone, S. (2017) The class: living and learning in the digital age. In Tosoni, S., et al. (Eds.), Present scenarios of media production and engagement (55-66). Bremen: Edition Lumière.

Livingstone, S., & Sefton-Green, J. (2016) The Class: Living and learning in the digital age. New York: New York University Press.

Livingstone, S. (2014) The mediatization of childhood and education: reflections on The Class. In Kramp, L., Carpentier, N., Hepp, A., Tomanic-Trivundza, I., Nieminen, H., Kunelius, R., Olsson, T., Sundin, E., and Kilborn, R. (eds.) Media Practice and Everyday Agency in Europe (pp.55-68). Bremen: Edition Lumière.


Interview with Sonia Livingstone about The Class

Social class in ‘The Class’: Conservative, competitive and (dis)connected

A digital Christmas

YouTube in The Class

The seemingly 'closed world' of The class

Childhood and the pursuit of meaning in today’s connected world

Researching The class: A multi-sited ethnographic exploration

Watch our new video about ‘The Class’

How the ordinary experiences of young people are being affected by networked technologies

A day in the digital life of teenagers

Meet ‘The Class’

Introducing new book series: ‘Connected youth and digital futures’

The Class: Living and learning in the digital age


The Class: Living and learning in the digital age

Learning in a digital age with Sonia Livingstone (speech to the RSA)

Book series launch: Connected youth and digital futures

Social media in the classroom (Tech Tonic at the Financial Times)

Digital connections and disconnections: ethnographic explorations among young teens

Podcast and liveblog: Sonia Livingstone ‘The Class: Living and learning in the digital age' (talk at MIT)

The Class: Living and learning in the digital age (Databyte at Data & Society)


Professor Sonia Livingstone