In brief

Greece was not involved in EU Kids Online 2020. Main results on this page draw on the 2010 survey, with more recent publications under “Publications.”

Children’s use of online technologies in Greece has increased rapidly in the last decade. Children have developed a great range of online skills that they apply in both their online experiences (e.g. gaming, blogging) and communications (e.g. Skype, SNS).

They also demonstrate how effectively they have developed their online literacy not only regarding online activities, but also regarding experiences that sometimes are labelled as "risky".

In particular, they demonstrate a very efficient, critical understanding of content, contact or conduct that is classified as risky, via deconstructing notions such as "problematic content" or "harmful effects online".

Greece - EU Kids Online Greece - EU Kids Online


  • Liza has published a book about Children and the Politics of Sexuality: The Sexualization of Children Debate Revisited with Palgrave Macmillan (2016) 
  • Together with Despina, they are editing a double volume on discourses of anxiety about children and youth: Neoliberal Notions of Governance and Media Discourses of Children: Anxiety over Childhood and Youth across Cultures and Sexual Health, Cultural Consumption, and Parental Concerns of Children: Anxiety over Childhood and Youth across Cultures (Palgrave MacMillan, ongoing project), where many EU Kids Online members participate.
  • Liza has been interviewed for where she talked about the network and elaborated on moral panics around children’s access to pornography online
  • Liza and Despina have established themselves as key people and experts in the public debate around children and youth in the country. As a result they are routinely advised upon issues that relate with young people’s online practices and culture and liaise with various public and private stakeholders (e.g. Despina is a staple collaborator of the Aikaterini Laskaridis Foundation, offering public seminars on popular culture and media to young teenagers, as well as the General Secretariat for Gender Equality; Liza liaises with the General Secretariat for Youth and the USA Embassy in Athens. Liza has also collaborated with the European Institute for Gender Equality as an expert on children’s digital culture, and is an external expert for the ‘Review of Sexual Health Education related to Sexploitation and Gender Based Violence’ for the Scottish Parliament.



Summary of findings


Full report

Safety guide


The EU Kids Online fieldwork involved several questionnaires. First, a face to face interview with one parent. Second, a face to face interview with the child. Then a self-completion interview for sensitive questions, with one version for 9-10 year olds and one version for 11-16 year olds.

Questionnaire for parent

Questionnaire for child

Self-completion questionnaire for child (Children age 9-10)

Self-completion questionnaire for child (Children age 11-16)


Recent publications related with children and new media

Tsaliki, L. & Chronaki, D. (eds) Neoliberal Notions of Governance and Media Discourses of Children: Anxiety over Childhood and Youth across Cultures (Palgrave MacMillan) (Volume I) (forthcoming 2019-2020)


Sexual Health, Cultural Consumption, and Parental Concerns of Children: Anxiety over Childhood and Youth across Cultures (Palgrave MacMillan) Volume II) (forthcoming 2019-2020)

Tsaliki, L. & Chronaki, D. ‘Children’s sexuality in the context of digital media: Sexualisation, sexting and experiences with sexual content in research perspective’ In L. Green, D. Holloway, L. Haddon, K. Stevenson and T. Leaver (eds) Routledge Companion of Children and Digital Media, Londond: Routledge(forthcoming 2019)

Chronaki, D. ‘Children and online sexual content’ in K. Ross, I. Bachmann, V. Cardo, S. Moorti & M. Scarcelli (ed) Encyclopaedia of Gender, Media and Communication, New York: Wiley-Blackwell (forthcoming 2018)

Chronaki, D. (2016) ‘What do news media teach about sex? Approaching young people’s understanding of the media framing of sexuality’, in L. Allen & M.L. Rasmussen (eds) Handbook of Sexuality Education (to be published in the section about ‘New Technologies, Space and Sexual Cultures’, edited by A. McKee & K. Albury), London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp.423-437

Tsaliki, L. (2016). Children and the Politics of Sexuality. London: Palgrave Macmillan

Tsaliki, L (2015) Popular culture and moral panics about ‘children at risk’: revisiting the sexualisation-of-young-girls debate, Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning, Vol. 15 (5), 500-14.

Buckingham, D. & Chronaki, D. (2014), ‘Saving the Children? Pornography, Childhood and the Internet’, in S. Wagg & J. Pilcher (eds) Thatcher’s Grandchildren? The Politics of Childhood in the Twenty First Century, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan

Chronaki, D. (2014), ‘Young adults’ stories with sexual content during childhood and teenage life: An alternative approach to an ever-going debate’, International Journal of Media and Cultural Politics, 10(1): 105-111

Tsaliki, L., Chronaki, D. & Ólaffsson, K. (2014), Experiences with Sexual Content: What we know from the research so far, London: Kids Online

Tsaliki, L. & Chronaki, D. (2013), The Sexualisation Report, edited by F. Attwood, C. Bale, & M. Barker, funded by the Wellcome Trust, UK (contribution to the section about Young People and Pornography)

Tsaliki, L. & Chronaki, D. (2013), Innovative approaches for investigating how children uniderstand risk in new media: Dealing with methodological and ethical challenges, edited by M. Barbowski, L. Green, & S. Vandoninck, London, LSE: EU Kids Online (contribution to the section about Ethics in research with children)


Kontogianni Sonia (2017) “‘Risk talk and ‘vulnerable youth’: Cyberbullying experiences among children with disabilities”. Presentation: 13th Conference of the European Sociological Association (Un)Making Europe: Capitalism Solidarities Subjectivities, Athens, 29-01 August.

Greek team


Liza Tsaliki holds a PhD from the University of Sussex, has taught at the University of Sunderland and was a Marie Curie Post Doctoral Fellow at the Radboud University of Nijmegen. She is Associate Professor at the Department of Communication and Media Studies, School of Economics and Political Science, at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. Her interests include celebrity culture, sexuality, the culture of pornography, gender and technology, children and popular culture, fantasy. Areas of expertise: sexual content, pornography, privacy, mobile phones, bullying, social constructions of childhood.


Despina Chronaki holds a PhD from Loughborough University (UK) and her research is mainly focused on children’s experiences online, children’s constructions of sexuality and their engagement with the notion of citizenship through news consumption. Since 2007 she has been collaborating with top researchers in EU funded European, national (Greek) and international projects. She has been invited to present her work in domestic, European and International conferences. Her interests also include cultural approaches to audiences of horror, popular culture and fantasy. Currently she is teaching at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, the Hellenic Open University and Aikaterini Laskaridis Foundation.  

Female silhouette

Sonia Kontogianni is a PhD candidate at the Department of Communication and Media Studies School of Economics and Political Science, at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, pursuing her research on ‘Youth with disabilities: Bullying practices in the online/offline continuum’ under Liza Tsaliki’s supervision. She holds a Master's degree in Public Opinion and Public Communication (National and Kapodistrian University of Athens). Her research interests revolve around the cultural practices of children and youth with disabilities.


Dr Liza Tsaliki
Department of Mass Media and Communications
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
5 Stadiou Street
Athens 105 62
tel.: +30.210.368.9406
fax: +30.210.322.0820