children phones


Latest news

Interactive visualisation of the EU Kids Online data was recently launched as part of the CO:RE evidence platform (Children Online: Research and Evidence, It offers an overview of country data in thirteen areas related to children’s digital lives and breakdowns by age and gender. You can access the data visualisation tool here.

We are proud to announce the completion of the CO:RE Theories toolkit on children’s digital lives - a practical and comprehensive guide to researchers and research users to create, use and communicate theory. The toolkit was developed with input from many EU Kids Online experts and as part of the CO:RE knowledge Base. You can access the Theories toolkit here, for an overview see here.

A new article comparing the EU Kids Online survey data from 2010 and 2017-19 has been published by Veronika Kalmus, Marit Sukk and Kadri Soo, in Children & Society: Towards more active parenting: Trends in parental mediation of children’s internet use in European countries.

EU Kids Online condemns the invasion of the Russian Federation in Ukraine. Our thoughts are with those who suffer from this war. We understand and support the decision of the many academic organisations in Europe who have suspended their institutional cooperation with academic organisations in Russia. Although we have valued the contribution of the Russian members of EU Kids Online, we hereby suspend the Russian Federation's participation in EU Kids Online.

The new European strategy for a better internet for kids, the BIK+ strategy, has just been adopted by the European Commission. This includes a comprehensive EU code of conduct on age-appropriate design, support for victims of cyberbullying, and efforts to improve digital skills, media literacy and child participation. For relevant evidence on these and other topics, see the latest survey report from EU Kids Online (2020).

NEW: Spending time online can boost children’s well-being, Norwegian findings show

For recent updates, check news below and see the latest EU Kids Online reports.

There are also recent updates from colleagues in Spain, Portugal and Ireland.

Policy recommendations

Dinh, T., Farrugia, L., O’Neill, B., Vandoninck, S. & Velicu, A. (2016) Internet helplines: Operation, effectiveness, emerging issues for internet safety helplines, European Schoolnet.

Dinh, T., Farrugia, L., O’Neill, B., Vandoninck, S. & Velicu, A. (2016) Internet safety helplines: Exploratory study first findings

Flyer for the final report: EU Kids Online: Findings,methods, recommendations

O'Neill, B., Staksrud, E. with members of the EU Kids Online network (2014) Final recommendations for policy 


O'Neil, B. with members of the EU Kids Online Network (2014) Policy influences and country clusters: A comparative analysis of internet safety policy implementations.  

O'Neill, B., Livingstone, S., & McLaughlin, S. (2011). Final recommendations for policy, methodology and research.

de Haan, J. and Livingstone, S. (2009). Policy and research recommendations.


Consultation responses


Video of Sonia Livingstone's talk about EU Kids Online and Global Kids Online.

Sonia Livingstone's TEDx talk: How children engage with the internet., March 2014.

Interview with Sonia Livingstone on internet safety and children, Society for Media Psychology and Technology, American Psychological Association, July  2013. [Full text]

Video of Sonia Livingstone's talk for Unicef at the Berkman Center, October 2013.

'Violence against women in the digital realm': Podcast involving a discussion with Sonia Livingstone (July 2013). 

Interview with Sonia Livingstone at Youth2.0, Antwerp, March 2013.    

Listen to Sonia Livingstone's presentation, Sonia Livingstone presents EU Kids Online's evidence to the CEO Coalition, at Digital Youth, Dublin, November 2012.

Podcast: Sonia Livingstone discusses the EU Kids Online survey findings (September 2012).

Listen to Sonia Livingstone’s presentation, ‘Understanding the relation between risk and harm: theory, evidence and policy regarding children’s internet use’ (March 2012).

Unicef interview with Sonia Livingstone  (November 2011)

RiFFs interview with Sonia Livingstone (November 2011)

Sonia Livingstone on ‘Towards a better internet for children: What is the research telling us?’ Family Online Safety Institute’s 6th Annual Conference, Washington DC, November 2012. [Video]

Interview with Sonia Livingstone about the EU Kids Online findings

YouTube interview with the researchers (October 2010)

Press releases

Press release for 'Internet helpline: Operation, effectiveness, emerging issues for internet safety helplines' (May 2016)

UK Press release for 'Parental controls: advice for parents, researchers and industry' (May 2016) 

UK Press release for 'The meaning of online problematic situations for children: The UK report' (December 2014)

UK Press release for "Online on the mobile: Internet use on smartphones and associated risks among youth in Europe" (October 2014)

Press release for "Cyberbullying now more common than face-to-face bullying for chldren" (July 2014)

Press release for "The meaning of online problematic situations for children: Results of qualitative cross-cultural investigation in nine European countries" (June 2014)

Press release for "Rise in hate messages online shown by new survey on children's exposure to online risk" (March 2014)

Press release for "Preventive measures: How youngsters avoid online risks" (February 2014)

Press release for "Risks and safety on the internet: Comparing Brazilian and European findings" (December 2013)

UK Press Release for "Zero to eight: Young children and their internet use" (August 2013

UK Press Release for "Country classification. Opportunities, risks, harm and parental mediation" (July 2013)

UK Press release for "In their own words: What bothers children online" (February 2013)

UK Press release for "How to cope and build online resilience" (January 2013)

UK Press release for "Excessive internet use among European children" (November 2012)

UK Press release for "EU Kids Online: National perspectives" (October 2012)

Press release for "Towards a better internet for children: findings and recommendations from EU Kids online to inform the CEO coalition" (July 2012) 

Press release for Safer Internet Day report "How can parents support children's safer internet access?" (February 2012)

Press release for "Risk and safety for Australian children on the internet" (November 2011)

Press release for - "Final recommendations for policy, methodology and research" (October 2011)

Press release for EU Kids Online conference (September 2011)

Press release for - "Who bullies and who is bullied online?" (July 2011)

Press release for "Social Networking, age and privacy" (April 2011)

Press release for "Digital literacy and safety skills" (March 2011)

Press release for "Risky communication online" (February 2011)

Press release for "Risks and safety on the internet: the perspective of European children" (January 2011)

Press release for "Risks and safety on the internet: the UK Report" (November 2010)

Press release, launch of EU Kids Online survey, Safer Internet Forum, (October 2010)

Press release for launch of EU Kids Online II (June 2009)


O'Neil, B (2017) 'Toddlers and tech': Policy implications for families and parenting in the information age, Digitising Early Childhood International Conference, Edith Cowan University, Perth, 11-15 September.

Compiled by  Alexandra Chernayavska and Professor Sonia Livingstone, with thanks to the EU Kids Online network and the internet safety experts who were consulted (2015) Children’s safety on the internet: a guide to stakeholders (April)

Donoso, V. (2014) Releasing children's potential and minimizing risks - ICTs, the internet and violence against children (October 2014)

Infographic showing EU Kids Online dissemination (December 2013)

Conference reports (November 2013)

European Schoolnet animation for parents highlighting EU Kids Online findings (March 2013) 

These resources are made available by EU Kids Online under the Attributive Non-Commercial Creative Commons License (CC BY-NC 2.0 UK).