Countries around the world are moving towards Universal Health Coverage. Along the way, they face difficult choices. For the past three years, LSE Philosopher Alex Voorhoeve has been part of a World Health Organization consultative group offering guidance on how to make these choices fairly.




WHO-ReportThe group’s report, Making fair choices on the path to universal health coverage, was published in May 2014.

Director-General of the WHO, Dr Margaret Chan, wrote an editorial piece on the report in Health  Systems & Reform, Volume 2, Issue 1, 2016.

The report was featured in an Editorial in the Bulletin of the World Health Organisation (2014) 92: 389.

The report was also Reviewed in Salute, June 18, 2014.





The report was launched at LSE on 1 May 2014. The launch featured responses from leading academics and the Director-General of the Ethiopian Ministry of Health. Further details here.

The report’s recommendations have also formed the basis of a number of other presentations at academic and governmental institutions around the world:

  • Basis of a “Writeshop” at the Pan-American Health Organisation in Washington, D.C. on May 5-9 2014, with participants from the World Bank, PAHO, WHO, and departments of health from several countries. The purpose was to develop ten illustrative country case studies (forthcoming). Details here.
  • Center for Global Development, Washington D.C., May 6, 2014.
  • Presentation at PAHO with comments by Amanda Glassman, Center for Global Development, May 8, 2014.
  • Webinar via PAHO at May 8, 2014. Details here. You can view this webinar in English and in Spanish.
  • Priorities 2020 meeting in Bergen, May 11-13, 2014.
  • UCL & KCL Social Value Workshop, London, May 23, 2014.
  • WHO, Geneva, June 12, 2014.
  • Global Summit of National Bioethics Committees, Session on Universal Health Coverage, with comments on the report from National Ethics Committees of Mexico, Sri Lanka, Bolivia, Cuba, Tunisia and Sweden, June 22-23, 2014. Details here.
  • World Congress on Bioethics, Session on the Ethics of Universal Health Coverage, June 24-27. Details here.
  • Chilean Institute of Nutrition, Santiago, Chile, 6 October 2014.
  • National Health Technology Committee, Ministry of Health, Santiago, Chile, November 19 in an event on “Procesos en evaluación de tecnologías sanitarias: desde la evidencia a la recomendación”.
  • Global Health and Population Frontiers Seminar, December 9, 2014, Harvard University. Details here.
  • Medsin Conference: Global Health: The Bottom Line, March 8, 2015, London.


Political impact of the report


Media and Press

  • Notice of the report on Health Space Asia, June 2014.
  • Notice in Health, Education, Social Protection News & Notes, June 2014.


Members of the WHO Consultative Group:

Trygve Ottersen,* Ole F Norheim,*

Bona M Chitah, Richard Cookson, Norman Daniels, Frehiwot B Defaye, Nir Eyal, Walter Flores, Axel Gosseries, Daniel Hausman, Samia A Hurst, Lydia Kapiriri, Toby Ord, Shlomi Segall, Gita Sen, Alex Voorhoeve, Daniel Wikler, Alicia E Yamin

WHO staff:

Tessa T T Edejer, Andreas Reis, Ritu Sadana, Carla Saenz

* Lead authors