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    Bjoern Brembs (University of Regensburg): “The Neurogenetics of Creative Problem Solving”

Bjoern Brembs (University of Regensburg): “The Neurogenetics of Creative Problem Solving”

7 June 2017|

 

Bjoern Brembs (University of Regensburg): “The Neurogenetics of Creative Problem Solving”

This talk was recorded at the Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science’s interdisciplinary workshop on the origins of consciousness, which brought together philosophers, neuroscientists, experimental biologists and evolutionary biologists.

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    Jeff McMahan (Oxford): “Might We Benefit Animals by Eating Them?”

Jeff McMahan (Oxford): “Might We Benefit Animals by Eating Them?”

30 May 2017|

 

Jeff McMahan (Oxford): “Might We Benefit Animals by Eating Them?”

Leslie Stephen once wrote that “The pig has a stronger interest than anyone in the demand for bacon. If all the world were Jewish, there would be no pigs at all.” In recent debates about the ethics of eating animals, some have advanced the related claim that if […]

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    Hasok Chang (Cambridge): “If you can spray phlogiston, is it real? A pragmatist conception of reality”

Hasok Chang (Cambridge): “If you can spray phlogiston, is it real? A pragmatist conception of reality”

17 May 2017|

 

Hasok Chang (Cambridge): “If you can spray phlogiston, is it real? A pragmatist conception of reality”

Any statements we make in science are about some presumed entities (e.g., hormones, electrons, or the gross national product), unless it is a pure report of sensation within oneself. Entity-realism is prior to truth-realism, since it would not make sense to maintain […]

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    Nora Boyd (Pittsburgh): “Daedal Data: The Problem of Empirical Adequacy”

Nora Boyd (Pittsburgh): “Daedal Data: The Problem of Empirical Adequacy”

20 March 2017|

 

Nora Boyd (Pittsburgh): “Daedal Data: The Problem of Empirical Adequacy”

Whatever else our theories about the natural world are, they ought to be consistent with the evidence produced by our interactions with it – our theories ought to be at least empirically adequate. This is the minimal commitment of empiricism. Yet the central notions of evidence and empirical […]

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    Karim Thébault (Bristol): “Cosmic Singularity Resolution via Quantum Evolution”

Karim Thébault (Bristol): “Cosmic Singularity Resolution via Quantum Evolution”

13 March 2017|

 
Karim Thébault (Bristol): “Cosmic Singularity Resolution via Quantum Evolution”

Classical models of the universe generically feature a big bang singularity. That is, when we consider progressively earlier and earlier times, physical quantities stop behaving in a reasonable way. A particular problem is that physical quantities related to the curvature of spacetime become divergent. A long standing hope is […]

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    Stephan Leuenberger (Glasgow): “Scrutability and the Problem of Cross-Family Quantification”

Stephan Leuenberger (Glasgow): “Scrutability and the Problem of Cross-Family Quantification”

7 March 2017|

 
Stephan Leuenberger (Glasgow): “Scrutability and the Problem of Cross-Family Quantification”

In Constructing the World, David Chalmers aims to defend strong reductionist claims he calls “scrutability theses”. One such thesis says, roughly speaking, that every truth about the world could, in principle, be “read off” a complete list of the physical facts and the facts about conscious experience. However, […]

The Minds of Whales (the Forum)

2 March 2017|

 

The Minds of Whales (the Forum)

What is it like to be a whale? How do they think and what do they feel? How are their social groups structured, and how do whale ‘cultures’ arise? And how has human thought and human culture been influenced by interaction with whales? In this dialogue, two internationally recognized whale experts — prize-winning […]

Bart Engelen (Tilburg): “Nudging and Rationality”

1 March 2017|

 

Bart Engelen (Tilburg): “Nudging and Rationality”

The literature on nudging has rekindled normative and conceptual debates surrounding both the aims liberal and democratic governments can aim for and the means they can employ. An oft-heard criticism is that nudging governments, by exploiting people’s psychological mechanisms, manipulate them and insufficiently respect their rational decision-making capacities. Bypassing and/or perverting people’s […]

John Worrall: “The ‘Universe’ Starring Man?”

22 February 2017|

 
John Worrall: “The ‘Universe’ Starring Man? The Impact of Scientific Revolutions on Humankind’s View of Itself”

Many people unreflectingly think that ‘Man’ plays a special role in the Universe. Although this view was endorsed by Aristotelian cosmology, revolutionary developments in science, particularly those associated with Copernicus and with Darwin, seem to have made it entirely untenable. So what does science […]

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    Campbell Brown (LSE): “Priority vs. Equality: What’s the Difference?”

Campbell Brown (LSE): “Priority vs. Equality: What’s the Difference?”

21 February 2017|

 
Campbell Brown (LSE): “Priority vs. Equality: What’s the Difference?”

Abstract: Prioritarianism is often considered a preferable alternative to egalitarianism. However, seeing exactly what distinguishes these two views can be difficult. Prioritarianism says it is better to benefit the worse off (other things being equal). Egalitarianism says it is better to reduce inequality (other things being equal). But by […]