Dr Suleman Lazarus

Dr Suleman Lazarus

Visiting Fellow

Mannheim Centre for Criminology

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Key Expertise
Cybercrime, Yahoo Boys, Occult economy, Tripartite Cybercrime Framework

About me


Dr Suleman Lazarus is a Visiting Fellow at the Mannheim Centre for Criminology, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). At the LSE, he is engaged in collaborative research projects such as "What Do We Know About Online Romance Fraud Studies?"  and "Cybercrime Against Senior Citizens." In addition, he is engaged in a solo research project titled "Cybercriminal Networks and Operational Dynamics of Business Email Compromise (BEC) Scammers." Previously, he was a Visiting Researcher at the University of California, Berkeley, the Geography Department, from 2019 to 2020. Before that, he was a member of the lecturing team of the Sociology Department at the University of Greenwich, United Kingdom. Besides his research and teaching, Dr Lazarus is also a published poet.



Dr Suleman Lazarus completed a multidisciplinary PhD entitled "Establishing the Particularities of Cybercrime in Nigeria: Theoretical and Qualitative Treatments" at the Institute of Criminal Justice Studies, the University of Portsmouth, in 2020. Before that, he obtained a master's degree in Criminal Justice Policy from the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Dr Suleman Lazarus's university educational journey began at the University of Greenwich (UoG). In 2013 at the UoG, he earned a bachelor's degree in Psychology and Sociology with a First Class Honours, receiving the University Merit Award for obtaining the highest classification bachelor's degree grade from the School of Humanities and Social Sciences.


His multidisciplinary research interests include (1) Cybercriminals and society, (2) Online fraudsters and colonial legacies, (3) Cyber spiritualism in romance scams, (4) Feminism and the Tripartite Cybercrime Framework, (5) Penalties of divorce, (6) Child punishment across cultures, and (7) The therapeutic values of poetry.


Google Scholar

Web of Science

Research Gate



Dr Suleman Lazarus is an Associate Editor of a journal, Digital Threats: Research and Practice. He also serves as a referee for many established journals, such as the following:

  • Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking
  • Social Science Computer Review
  • Computer Law and Security Review
  • Children and Youth Service Review
  • Computers in Human Behavior
  • Journal of Family Studies
  • Journal of Crime and Justice




Lazarus, S., Tickner, P., & McGuire, M. (in press). Cybercrime Against Senior Citizens: Exploring Ageism, Ideal Victimhood, and the Pivotal Role of Socioeconomics. Security Journal, 1–19. https://eprints.lse.ac.uk/123873/

Lazarus, S. (2024). Cybercriminal Networks and Operational Dynamics of Business Email Compromise (BEC) Scammers: Insights from the “Black Axe” Confraternity. Deviant Behavior, 1–25. https://doi.org/10.1080/01639625.2024.2352049

Whittaker, J. M., Lazarus, S., & Corcoran, T. (2024). Are fraud victims nothing more than animals? Critiquing the propagation of “pig butchering”(Sha Zhu Pan, 杀猪盘). Journal of Economic Criminology, 100052. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeconc.2024.100052

Lazarus et al. (2023). Cheques or Dating Scams? Online Fraud Themes in Hip-Hop Songs Across Popular Music Apps. Journal of Economic Criminology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeconc.2023.100033

Lazarus, S., Whittaker, J. M., McGuire, M. R., & Platt, L. (2023). What Do We Know About Online Romance Fraud Studies? A Systematic Review of the Empirical Literature (2000 to 2021). Journal of Economic Criminology, 100013. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeconc.2023.100013

Lazarus, S. (2023) Social Media Users Compare Internet Fraudsters to Nigerian Politicians. The LSE BLOG (Blog entry):

Lazarus, S., Button, M. & Adogame, A. (2022). Advantageous Comparison: Using Twitter Responses to Understand Similarities between Cybercriminals (“Yahoo Boys”) and Politicians (“Yahoo men”). Heliyon, e11142. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e11142 

Nemat A., Danishmand T.J., Essar M.Y., Raufi N, Ahmad S., & Lazarus S. (2022). Hijab or Niqab Interacts with Facemasks Usage at Healthcare Settings in Kabul, Afghanistan: A Multi-Center Observational Study. Healthcare. 10(10):1946. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10101946 

Lazarus, S. and Button, M. (2022). Online fraudsters, colonial legacies, and the north-south divide in Nigeria. The Conversation (Blog Entry): 

Lazarus, S., Button, M. (2022). Tweets and Reactions: Revealing the Geographies of Cybercrime Perpetrators and the North-South Divide. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networkinghttps://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2021.0332

Lazarus, S., Button, M. and Kapend, R. (2022). Exploring the Value of Feminist Theory in Understanding Digital Crimes. Howard Journal of Crime and Justice. https://doi.org/10.1111/hojo.12485

Lazarus, S. (2021). Demonstrating the Therapeutic Values of Poetry in Doctoral Research. Methodological Innovations. 14 (2) 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1177/20597991211022014  

Lazarus, S. and Okolorie, G. U. (2019). The Bifurcation of the Nigerian Cybercriminals: Narratives of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) Agents. Telematics and Informatics, 40, 14-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tele.2019.04.009

Lazarus, S. (2019). Where is the Money? The Intersectionality of the Spirit World and the Acquisition of Wealth. Religions, 10, (3), 146, 1-20. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10030146  

Lazarus, S. (2019). Just Married: The Synergy between Feminist Criminology and The Tripartite Cybercrime Framework. International Social Science Journal, 69 (231) 15-33. https://doi.org/10.1111/issj.12201  

Lazarus, Suleman. (2019). 'Some Animals Are More Equal Than Others': The Hierarchy of Citizenship in Austria. Laws8(3), 14. https://doi.org/10.3390/laws8030014

Lazarus, Suleman. (2018). Birds of a Feather Flock Together: The Nigerian Cyber Fraudsters (Yahoo Boys) and Hip-Hop Artists. Criminology, Criminal Justice, Law & Society, 19 (2), 63-80. https://ccjls.scholasticahq.com/article/3792

Rush, M., and Lazarus, S. (2018). 'Troubling' Chastisement: A Comparative Historical Analysis of Child Punishment in Ghana and Ireland. Sociological Research Online, 23, (1), 177-196. https://doi.org/10.1177/1360780417749250

Lazarus, S., Rush, M., Dibiana, E. T., and Monks, C. P. (2017). Gendered Penalties of Divorce on Remarriage in Nigeria: A Qualitative Study. Journal of Comparative Family Studies48 (3), 351-366. https://doi.org/10.3138/jcfs.48.3.351



Expertise Details

Cybercrime; Yahoo Boys; Occult economy; Tripartite Cybercrime Framework