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Trianon: 100 Years After

The Central and South-East Europe Programme and Babeş-Bolyai University (Romania) have launched their report exploring the impact and legacy of the Treaty of Trianon in Hungary and Romania.

100 years after the Treaty of Trianon was signed at the Paris Peace Conference, its terms, impact, and legacy remain highly contested. The 2020 CSEEP-Babeş-Bolyai report, 'Trianon: 100 Years After', brings together discussions from our 2020 conference held on the anniversary of its signing. In this report, academics from Romania, Hungary and Britain explore how the treaty came to being, misconceptions and distortions in historical narratives, and ways in which the nationalistic and hostile political rhetoric that surrounds it might be defused.

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Trianon: 100 Years After

This report was published on 1 April 2021.


Peter Balázs specialises in European Union, having led the Center for European Neighborhood Studies (CENS) of CEU for 15 years. During a long and distinguished diplomatic career he has served as the Hungarian Ambassador to Denmark, Germany and the European Union. He has also served as Hungary’s first European Commissioner, and minister of Foreign Affairs. Professor Balázs has joined the Political Science Department of Babeș-Bolyai University as an associate professor.

Michael Cox is Emeritus Professor of International Relations at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). He was appointed Chair at the LSE in 2002, having previously held positions in the UK at The Queen’s University of Belfast and the Department of International Politics, Aberystwyth. He helped establish the Cold War Studies Centre at the LSE in 2004 and later co-founded LSE IDEAS in 2008. He has also served as Chair of the United States Discussion Group at Chatham House, as Senior Fellow at the Nobel Institute in Oslo; as Visiting Professor at the Centre for Defence and Strategic Studies in Canberra, Australia, and as Chair of the European Consortium for Political Research.

Dennis Deletant was Visiting Ion Rațiu Professor of Romanian Studies in the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University, Washington DC from August 2011 to July 2020. He is Emeritus Professor of Romanian Studies at University College, London, where he taught in the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, between 1969 and 2011, and was Professor of Romanian Studies at the University of Amsterdam (on secondment from UCL) between 2003 and 2010.

Thomas Lorman is a Teaching Fellow in Central European History at the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College London. He has published extensively on Central European History including a monograph on Hungarian domestic politics in the 1920s, a study of the Slovak nationalist movement before 1939 as well as co-editing a History of the Hungarian Constitution.

Cosmin Marian is Professor of Political Science at the Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, serving as Chair of the Political Science Department from 2016. His academic work positions him as a scholar with a special interest in political rules design and effects. His scholarship is grounded in theories and methods found in the field of comparative politics and formal rules with applications to institutional design that affects individual behavior and societal outputs.

Mădălina Mocan is the CSEEP Desk Manager. She is a civil society professional associated with the Center for the Study of Democracy (CSD Cluj) at Babeş Bolyai University’s Faculty of Political, Administrative and Communication Sciences.

Zoltan Palfy is a university lecturer in the Political Science Department of the University of Babeş-Bolyai. His research interests include the modern political history of East-Central Europe, the social history of higher education, conflict resolution, nationalism and the history of ethnic minorities.

Megan Palmer is Programme Manager of the Central and South-East Europe Programme at LSE IDEAS.

Levente Salat is Professor of Political Science at the Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania and external member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. His research focuses on political consequences of diversity, ethnic politics and interethnic relations. He published ٤ books, edited or co-edited ١٤ and had several contributions to collective volumes and journals, mainly in Hungarian, Romanian and English. Among others, he co-edited A New Balance: Democracy and Minorities in Post-Communist Europe (2003), The Romanian-Hungarian Relations and the French-German Reconciliation (2004), and Autonomy Arrangements Around the World (2014).

Kinga-Koretta Sata is a lecturer in the Political Science Department of Babes-Bolyai University where she teaches History of Political Thought, Modern Political Theory and Democratic Theory. She published on the history of Hungarian and Romanian political ideas from the 19th century to the interwar period.

Jeffrey Sommers is a Professor and Senior Fellow at the Institute of World Affairs at University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, US, and a Visiting Professor at the Stockholm School of Economics in Riga.

Virgiliu Țârău is Professor in the Department of International Studies and Contemporary History, “Babeș-Bolyai” University, Cluj-Napoca with academic interests in 20th century history, Romanian contemporary history, transitions in Central and Eastern Europe, and communist regimes in Eastern Europe. He was a member of the Collegium of the National Council for the Study of Securitate Archives and served as vice-president of the Collegium from 2007–2018. He has published extensively on topics such as the democratisation processes in collectivisation process, the peasants’ uprisings and the self-determination movement in Transylvania while also researching the archives of the former secret police.