Tammy Campbell, Ludovica Gambrao, Kitty Stewart
Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion (CASE)
Explores factors associated with low-income families’ lesser take-up of free ‘universal’ pre-schooling.
The income-gap is smaller in areas with more state-maintained rather than private sector provision.
Predominance of Sure Start is associated with longer access for all children, low and higher-income, and related to a reduced income-gap.