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Research impact and bibliometrics

Citation analyses and bibliometrics are becoming increasingly popular with academics and departments as a way of analysing the impact of researchers and their work.

Different indexes are often used to demonstrate how much attention individual's work(s) receive.

In addition, HEFCE's REF will make use of bibliometrics as part of the impact assessment.

Read the LSE Statement on the Responsible Use of Citation Metrics. [DOC]

What support does the Library offer?

Library staff provide support for working with bibliometric data. We offer:

  • Citation analysis reports upon request for LSE staff
  • Finding bibliometric data and citation analysis training
  • Journal Metrics training and support

Citation counts alone should not be used as the only measure of research quality. Different sources produce different figures, and data should be used with caution, especially if comparing across disciplines.

The Library also offers advice on choosing and evaluating journals to publish in.

How is impact measured?

H-index - Used to calculate the quality and sustainability of an individual's research outputs. E.g. a H-index of 20 means there are 20 published papers each with at least 20 citations. Calculate your h-index on ScopusWeb of Science and Publish or Perish.

Citation analysis - find out how many times your publications have been cited on journal and citation indexes such as on Scopus and Web of Science.

Journal based metrics and Impact Factors - measures the impact of a journal by calculating the average number of times articles published in a journal have been cited in a given period.

  • Impact Factor - use Journal Citation Reports (JCReprints.lse.ac.uk/) to find most frequently cited journal titles in specific subject areas. JCR enables you to find information on leading journal titles in a subject field and compare the impact of individual titles.
  • Eigenfactor - measures the number of times articles from a journal published in the past five years have been cited in the JCR year. Subject coverage in both the Sciences and Social Sciences.
  • SCImago Journal & Country Rank - is based on Scopus data from 1996 and cover some Arts and Humanities subjects, unlike JCR.

Altmetrics are used increasingly to assess research impact using social web activity. This includes data such as tweets, downloads, Facebook shares, views or linking.

See altmetrics.org for more details.

Other Bibliometric Analysis tools

Publish or Perish retrieves and analyses academic citations to measure performance of individuals. It uses Google Scholar raw citations, then analyses and presents results according to indicators such as the h-index.

Google Scholar Citations allows authors to create public or private profiles, list publications and track citations via Google Scholar. Indexes recent materials not offered in ISI including both books and journal articles.

Researcher ID in Web of Knowledge enables you to set up a free unique Researcher ID, selecting your publications and confirming your institutional affiliations.

Further help?

Get in touch if you would like more information about any of the above.

Read our PDF guide.