Peace and Security

This project focuses on how peace activists, politicians, and ordinary citizens have imagined and practiced 'peace' and 'security' since the early twentieth century. 

By combining historical research with analysis of today’s issues, the project provides insights for anyone interested in public participation in politics including NGOs and policymakers.

This project, launched in the autumn of 2018, currently focuses on international and transnational peace activism during the ‘Second Cold War’ of the early 1980s. Further details of public events, conferences and workshops, and online resources will be made available here soon

Peace and Security Project People


Dr Luc-André Brunet  is Lecturer in Twentieth-Century History at the Open University and Visiting Fellow at LSE IDEAS. He is also Acting Director of the Cold War Studies Project, Book Reviews Editor for the journal Cold War History, and co-chairs the Open University’s Research Group on War and Conflict in the Twentieth Century. His research interests include European integration, NATO, nuclear disarmament, and the foreign relations of both France and Canada. He is currently writing a history of Canada’s role in the Euromissile Crisis and his most recent publication, ‘Unhelpful Fixer? Canada, the Euromissiles Crisis, and Pierre Trudeau’s Peace Initiative, 1983-84’ in The International History Review, was awarded the Michael J. Hellyer Prize by the British Association of Canadian Studies.’

Dr Eirini Karamouzi is a Senior Lecturer in Contemporary History at the University of Sheffield and Visiting Fellow at LSE IDEAS. She is the author of Greece, the EEC and the Cold War, 1974-1979. The Second Enlargement and co-editor of the volume Balkans in the Cold War. She is co-director of the Cultures of the Cold War network, Editor in Cold War History Journal and Book Review Editor in Journal of Contemporary history. She works on the history of European integration, Modern Greece and currently runs the Max Batley peace studies funded project on peace movements in Southern Europe during the Euromissile crisis. She tweets @EiriniKaramouzi.

Project Assistant

Kajol Runwal is the Peace and Security Project Assistant at LSE IDEAS. She is currently studying MSc in Media and Communications at LSE and is also a Social Media Ambassador, curating content for LSE's multiple social media platforms. Her articles on various beats like Education, Health, Transport and Business have been published by the Indian Express and Pune Mirror (Times Group). Humanitarian Communications, Journalism and Global Economic affairs are her core interest areas. She is also a Spoken Word Poet and has performed at prestigious stages like India's first ever National Youth Poetry Slam, 2016. 


We are organising several events for the 2018-19 academic year. Further details will be provided here soon. 

Digital Archive

We are currently developing an online resource on peace activism in the UK during the 1980s. A collaboration with the Open University and supported by LSE’s Knowledge Exchange and Impact Fund and LSE Library, this resource will feature newly digitised documents and images from the archives of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) and video interviews with peace activists, policymakers, and academics. We are looking forward to launching this new online resource in 2019.


The pervasive impact of the nuclear arms race is still debated, decades into the nuclear age. But scholarship has focused mainly on questions of development, deployment and diplomacy of nuclear arsenals and has neglected how the nuclear arms race nurtured the identity, economy, culture and politics of societies; and, most importantly the role played by concerned citizens to avert a nuclear disaster. The contours and implications of anti-nuclear mobilisation has been fairly well researched for key western European countries over the past decade. Developments in Southern Europe, however, have not yet been substantially studied.

The key objective of this exhibition is to shed light on anti-nuclear and anti-militarist Peace protests in Southern European countries during the late 1970s and the 1980s. The focus will be on Greece, Italy and Spain. During the nuclear crisis, people in Southern Europe like in the rest of the continent sought to re-evaluate their own past, present, and future. The societal response to arms deployment was an expression of rapid sociocultural and technological changes that started in the 1960s and continued with the transformations of the 1970s and 1980s. As activists united to oppose the dire nuclear threat, they engaged and responded to core concerns of safety, peace, democratic participation, mobilisation for disarmament and vitality of citizen engagement. The Nobel Peace Prize for 2017 to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) acts as a reminder of the existential threat that nuclear weapons still pose to humanity and the value in harnessing the power of the people.



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