Your references are an important aspect of your application, and it is your responsibility to nominate suitable referees who will be willing to provide a reference in support of your application.
We prefer two references from academics you have recently studied with, and who understand your interest and capacity to enter a PhD programme. If you have been outside of education for several years, we will accept one non-academic reference but would expect them to know you well and be able to comment on your potential as a research student in your chosen field.
All references must be in English.
Please read the guidance for submitting references carefully and provide your referees with sufficient time to write and submit your reference.
Please note that your application will not be considered without complete references. You are strongly encouraged to contact your prospective referees before nominating them in your online application to confirm that they are happy to provide a reference and will do so quickly, and so that they know to look out for our reference request email. You can view the status of each of your reference requests by going back to the References section of your online application form at any time.