LSE ID responds to COP26
The LSE ID Community has been closely following the COP26 negotiations. Our community has responded in the following ways:
Update from Professor Ken Shadlen
Professor Shadlen gave a presentation on “COVID-19 Vaccine Production in Latin America: Assessing the Landscape” at a conference organized by Georgetown University and the Hong Kong University, Intellectual Property, COVID-19, and the Next Pandemic: Diagnosing Problems, Developing Cures (November 5-6, 2021).
He also gave the keynote address (“Secondary Patents in Pharmaceuticals: Responding to the Challenges”) at an online “Dialogue Exchange Session between IP offices,” organised by the South Centre, on Thursday 25 November. Participants in the event included patent examiners and patent office officials from 8 countries (Angola, Argentina, Brazil, Cuba, Egypt, Peru, Malaysia, South Africa).
Finally, as part of an initiative called the “South-North Dialogues on Democracy, Development and Sustainability,” led by a team of Brazilian academics, Zé Guedes Pinto (a professor at the Federal University of the ABC region in Sao Paulo, and visitor to LSE ID in the 2017-18 academic year) and Professor Shadlen discussed various issues around the COVID-19 pandemic and intellectual property rights. The video of their Dialogue is available here. More information on the project, and links to all of the Dialogues can be found here.
Professor Naila Kabeer on Randomised Control Trials
In a recent article for Research Outreach, Professor Naila Kebeer highlights issues with Randomised Control Trials (RCTs), including their failure to take account of history, context, or relevant findings, and questions their wide use in development planning. Professor Kabeer further discusses how the overfocus on RCT methods has led to important findings in relation to gender equality being dismissed.
Mark Lowcock on What Next for IDA? and Humanitarian Challenges in 2022
LSE ID Professor in Practice, Mark Lowcock, contributed to the Centre for Global Development blog with two articles: the first looking at the the future of the International Development Association; and the second predicted the challenges humanitarian agencies will face in 2022.
Mark served as the Permanent Secretary for the Department for International Development between 9 June 2011 and 7 July 2017, and, United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator between 2017 and 2021. He is now Professor in Practice in the Department of International Development at LSE.
Job opportunity: Assistant Professor of the Political Economy of Development
The Department of International Development is hiring for an Assistant Professor of the Political Economy of Development (Development Management). The successful candidate will contribute to the intellectual life of the School through conducting and publishing outstanding quality research, engaging in high quality teaching as instructed by the Head of Department, and participating in the School and wider Department activities.
The closing date for receipt of applications is 29 November 2021 (23.59 UK time). We are unable to accept any late applications. Interviews will be conducted in early 2022.
Tiziana Leone on Menarche
On Thursday 30 September 2021, Dr Tiziana Leone, Associate Professor in Health and International Development, gave a talk entitled, "Menarche: a global health indicator?" for a Centre for Population Change webinar. Recent evidence shows that age at menarche in Low and Middle Income Countries is undergoing a transition similar to that of European countries in the nineteenth century and is generally linked to an improvement in nutrition and health of young women. Dr Leone spoke about her research research which analyses the relationship between mean age at menarche and micro factors such as individual wealth, education, and macro ones such as mean age at marriage, total fertility rate, GDP and life expectancy, among others.
Ernestina Coast on safe abortion in Sub-Saharan Africa
LSE Research for the World published an article about Professor Ernestina Coast’s research and film work on barriers to contraception and safe abortion in Sub-Saharan Africa. Professor Coast’s research team is working with social media organisations to maximise the audience for the three animations, including low-bandwidth versions that can be shared on WhatsApp. The team has received a Changing Policy and Practice Award from the Medical Research Foundation to increase their impact. One of the short animated films, Mwansa’s Story, was also one of a handful of films shortlisted for a prize at the WHO Health for All Film Festival.
Professor Tim Dyson on Population and Climate
Emeritus Professor of Population Studies in the Departartment of International Development, Tim Dyson, was on BBC Radio 4’s Women’s Hour programme speaking about the myths, prejudices and data behind global population and climate. Tim’s current research involves examining the idea that famines often occur without food availability declines, and assessing how global warming may affect the future demographic trajectory of the world.
The Global Health Initiative Peer Review Reading Group
The Global Health Initiative Peer Review Reading Group has been set up to support academics at LSE working on global health related research across a range of disciplines and departments. The group enables members to circulate and discuss draft research papers amongst colleagues so that they can provide comments prior to submission for publication.
The group meets regularly to discuss papers – on average 2-3 times a term. Sessions typically take place during the week for one hour, unless otherwise specified. Open to all LSE staff and PhD students, the group runs on an opt-in basis. If you are interested in joining or if you have a paper which you would like to be reviewed, please contact email@example.com.
Joana Naritomi elected BREAD Affiliate
Dr Joana Naritomi has been elected as a BREAD Affiliate by BREAD Fellows. BREAD is a non-profit organization, founded in 2002, dedicated to encouraging research and scholarship in development economics. BREAD fellows are leading researchers in development economics, and their main activities are conferences and a working paper series.
Professor Ken Shadlen has chapter of book translated into Portuguese and Spanish
With funding from the ID Research Committee, Professor Ken Shadlen hired translators in Brazil and Mexico to translate a chapter he had published (in an edited volume) on the political economy of patents in Latin America into Portuguese and Spanish. He did this so they could be used more easily for teaching, and also to contribute to establishing a norm that academics make their work available in local languages. Here are links to the Portuguese and Spanish versions.
In July, Professor Shadlen also delivered a presentation on vaccine production in Latin America, as part of a plenary event on COVID-19 at the annual meeting of REPAL (Latin American Political Economy Network). Here is a table that summarises the state of LatAm vaccine production as of mid-July 2021.
Catherine Boone elected Fellow at The British Academy
Professor Catherine Boone has been elected a Fellow at The British Academy in recognition for her contribution to the social sciences. Professor Boone's work focuses on comparative political economy with an emphasis on African and other late-developing countries; property rights institutions and land politics; political effects of uneven economic geography and spatial inequality.
David Lewis on music and inequality
Professor David Lewis spoke to LSE Research about his recent paper on the power of music in social change. “Music is so pervasive. It’s all around us and that makes it an important characteristic of all societies and social groups,” explains Professor David Lewis.
You can read the full article here, as well as listen to a playlist, compiled by Professor Lewis, that features songs that highlight the interface between development and music.
Kathy Hochstetler on the Politics of Climate Change
Kathy Hochstetler talks to Shamel Azmeh from the Conversations podcast (University of Manchester) about the politics of climate change, global environmental negotiations, the impact of the COVID-19 on climate change action, and her new book on energy transition in South Africa and Brazil. Listen to the episode here.
Welcoming Mark Lowcock and Kate Gilmore to ID
We are excited to announce that the Department will have two new Visiting Professors in Practice in September, both from high level UN positions: Sir Mark Lowcock (UNOCHA) and Kate Gilmore (OHCHR).
Mark will be sharing his experience and knowledge from his previous appointments as the former Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator and Permanent Secretary, DFID. Kate will share her experience from her time as Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights of the United Nations.
They will join Duncan Green who is also a Professor in Practice in the Department and brings his experience as Senior Strategic Adviser at Oxfam GB. We look forward to collaborating with them over the coming years!
Workshop on Clientelism
On Monday 28 and Tuesday 29 June, Dr Mahvish Shami hosted a workshop on Clientelism. The workshop explored the effects of clientelism in developing countries. There were eight papers discussed over the two days. The workshop was held over Zoom. However, the hope is that there will be a follow-up workshop in January, which will be in person – if the pandemic permits it. Attendees included: Prof. Pranab Bardhan, UC Berkeley; Prof. Maitreesh Ghatak, LSE; Dr. Alison Post, UC Berkeley; Dr Adam Auerbach, American University; Dr Philip Keefer, Inter-American Development Bank; Dr Elliott Green, LSE; Dr Shan Aman-Rana, University of Virginia; Dr Miquel Pillicer, Maynooth University; Dr Eva Wegner, University of Marburg; Dr Hadia Majid, Lahore University of Management Sciences; Dr Emily Rains, Duke University/Louisiana State University; Dr Rabia Malik, University of Essex; Dr Adnan Khan, LSE; and Dr Geoff Goodwin, LSE.
Ernestina Coast receives Changing Policy & Practice Award 2021
Congratulations to ID's Professor Ernestina Coast who has been recognised in the Medical Research Foundation's Changing Policy and Practice Awards 2021. Professor Coast received an award for a project on enhancing access to contraceptive and abortion services in Ethiopia, Malawi and Zambia.
With the award, Professor Coast will be able to launch a multi-country social media campaign using specially designed animations for adolescents created through a collaboration between IPAS, PositiveNegatives and LSE. These animations share research results of the MRC/FCDO-funded research project and provide tailored information on abortion-related care. The researchers will also design a virtual short course that targets healthcare workers and students, engaging NGO and Ministry of Health officials in its rollout.
Tim Forsyth appointed specialist adviser to the IDC for COP26 conference
Professor Tim Forsyth, Professor of Environment and Development in the Department of International Development, has been appointed as a specialist adviser to the House Of Commons International Development Committee (IDC) for its work to prepare for the COP26 climate change conference in the UK later this year. You can find out more about the work of the IDC here.
Professor Ken Shadlen on Restructuring Sovereign Debt
Professor Ken Shadlen spoke to Reece Sisto, from Phenomenal World on Restructuring Sovereign Debt for an interview about the evolution of bilateral trade in Latin America. The interview explores how decision making operations of multilateral institutions like the IMF, World Bank, and WTO systematically disadvantage countries in the Global South, especially in the wake of the coronavirus crisis, pushing dozens of countries to the brink of default.
Reflections from teaching African Development using decolonial perspectives at LSE
For Africa Day, LSE Fellow in the Department of International Development and Course Convenor for the African Development (DV418) course, Dr Eyob Balcha Gebremariam wrote a short reflection on teaching using decolonial perspectives. Eyob is also the winner of the LSE SU Inspirational Teacher Award, 2021.
Robert Wade on the likelihood of a coming financial crash
In this long read blog post, Professor of Political Economy and Development in the Department of International Development Robert Wade analyses past crises and trends to consider the probability of a big financial crash and recession in the US and across western financial markets before the end of 2024?
Launch of the LSE Institute for Africa
The Firoz Lalji Centre has relaunched as the Firoz Lalji Institute for Africa (FLIA) – an exciting new phase which will strengthen LSE’s long-term commitment to placing Africa at the heart of debates on global issues. Read more about the Institute and its current programmes.
"Becoming an Institute is a recognition of our tremendous achievements over the past five years. Our research, student engagement, outreach on the African continent and events have been rapidly growing to build a dynamic and strong Africa-focussed community at LSE and Globally." – Professor Tim Allen, FLIA Director
Tim Allen appointed PI for EU Covid-19 impact project PERISCOPE
Prof. Tim Allen, Professor in Development Anthropology in ID, has been appointed as principal investigator for an EU Horizon 2020 project, the Pan-European response to the impacts of COVID-19 and future pandemics and epidemics (PERISCOPE). PERISCOPE aims to broadly study the social, economic and behavioural impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and with the aim of making Europe more resilient and better prepared for future epidemic risks.
The project involves LSE researchers across Anthropology, Health Policy, Economics and the Behavioural Lab and Recent PhD candidate in ID Liz Storer is working alongside Professor Allen as a Research Officer.
LSE ID 3rd in the world for Development Studies
The QS World University Rankings recently released their results for 2021, which moved LSE from fourth to joint-third in the world for Development Studies. LSE now shares this spot with Harvard University. We are immensely proud of everyone in the Department for their outstanding work in research and teaching which is reflected in this ranking.
Mwansa’s Story selected finalist for #Film4Health
An animation based on work led by Professor Ernestina Coast in collaboration with Ipas and funded by the Medical Research Council and the Department for International Development (now the FCDO) has been shortlisted for the World Health Organisation's 'Health for All' films award 2021. Mwansa’s story – available in English and Nyanja – explores how so many Zambian girls and young women attempt to end unwanted pregnancies on their own. The film is the result of a collaboration with a creative team that used the research project’s findings to develop a short animated film, as well as a comic. You can view the full WHO YouTube playlist of the finalists here.
LSE ID submits REF 2021
After 4 years of careful preparation, the Department of International Development’s submission to REF 2021 is complete and about to be submitted. The Research Committee offers its heartfelt thanks to all ID colleagues for their careful and highly collegial work evaluating several hundred articles, books, working papers and Impact Case Studies. With your help, we’ve been able to assemble an extremely impressive portfolio that is striking in its thematic, disciplinary and methodological diversity. Thank you!
The Research Excellence Framework (REF) is a national evaluation of universities’ research. It’s conducted by academic experts tasked by the government with evaluating the quality of each department’s research outputs, research environment, and the impact of that research on the ‘real world’. – ID Research Committee
Professor Shadlen on the global distribution of the COVID-19 vaccine
Professor Ken Shadlen has been sharing his research and expertise on the global distribution of the new COVID-19 vaccine. Professor Shadlen argues that vaccines have to be affordable and available to all countries, and governments must have the administrative and political capacities to deliver them locally to ensure an effective global immunisation strategy against COVID-19. You can read a recent article co-authored by Professor Shadlen and other leading academics in The Lancet. You can also listen to a recent podcast for the Latin American Studies Association and read a recent blog post for From Poverty to Power.
In her words: African women's perspective on gender equality
LSE ID Alumni Zainab Haruna, Victoria Malowa and Priscilla Bretuo have collaborated with 12 other women from African Countries to produce the IN HER WORDS anthology. This anthology is a collection of essays and stories written to showcase the lived experiences, stories and perspectives of African women on issues of equality, representation, GBV, inclusion and feminism. You can download the book for free here.
Highlights from LSE Festival: Shaping the post-COVID world
LSE Festival took place on the first week of March and featured a wide range of events, workshops and talks under the umbrella, 'Shaping the post-COVID world'. You can watch back Festival Live events, Festival Shorts video premieres and Festival Skills workshops on LSE's YouTube channel here. You can also read blogs on the events that took place here.
Rethinking digital farming in Kenya
Hype surrounds the proliferation of digital solutions to boost efficiency and productivity in Kenya’s agriculture. But what has been the reality on the ground? Tracing the expansion of Nairobi’s Silicon Savannah into the country’s rural regions, LSE Fellow Gianluca Iazzolino highlights the factors that have shaped the trajectory of the first generation of Kenyan agritech in a blog series for the LSE Firoz Lalji Centre for Africa. The series presents key insights from the research project ‘A Tale of Two Green Valleys’ which examines data-driven agro-innovation in California’s Central Valley and Kenya’s Rift Valley. You can read the first articles from the series here.
Request to stop the extension of pharmaceutical patent periods in Brazil
The Brazilian Public Prosecutor cited a paper co-written by PhD student in the Department of International Development, Eduardo Mercadante, in the request that the Supreme Court immediately stop the extension of pharmaceutical patent periods to help fight the COVID-19 pandemic. You can read the full story here.
Special Issue of Development and Change edited by Kate Meagher
Dr Kate Meagher recently edited an issue of Development and Change on the Politics of Open Access, including writing the introductory article, "The Politics of Open Access: Decolonizing Research or Corporate Capture?". Professor Meagher also chaired a panel discussion on Digital Bias, Diversity and Development. You can watch the recording of the online event back here.
Professor Naila Kabeer included in Apolitical’s 100 Most Influential People in Gender Policy 2021
Professor Naila Kabeer has been included in Apolitical’s 100 Most Influential People in Gender Policy 2021. The list honours and celebrates people of all genders working on gender policy and making the world more equitable, whether they exert their influence through policymaking, public service, research, philanthropy, advocacy, activism or however else. See the full list here which also includes Jacinda Ardern, Dr. Stella Nyanzi and Dr. Fatima Denton.
Political Economies of Energy Transition - book launch
On Tuesday 26 January the Grantham Research Centre on Climate Change and the Environment and the Department of International Development at LSE hosted the launch of ID Head of Department Professor Kathryn Hochstetler's book, Political Economies of Energy Transition: Wind and Solar Power in Brazil and South Africa. Speakers at this event included Dr Jonas Meckling, Professor Ken Shadlen, Professor Robert Falkner as well as the author.You can watch the talk back here.
Dr Leone on school closures in the FT
Dr Tiziana Leone spoke to the Financial Times about school closures and the move to teaching online across UK and Europe following the surge in coronavirus cases. “The messaging that schools are open and children do not get sick means people don’t understand the real danger for children — that they are massive vectors” - Dr Tiziana Leone