Entry requirements

We welcome applications from all prospective students and want to recruit
students with the very best academic merit and potential, irrespective of their

You should read the following information carefully as it will help you determine whether you meet our entry requirements. You should also read the 'Assessing your application' section of the programme page for your intended degree programme and the information in the Making an Application section.

Each application we receive is carefully considered on an individual basis, taking into account the full range of information presented including the personal statement, academic achievement (including both achieved and predicted grades), subject combinations and the reference, before a final decision is made. As you will see from the individual programme information, there is a great deal of competition for places at the School. In 2017, we received 18,000 applications for 1,650 places. This fierce competition for places means that every year we unfortunately have to disappoint many applicants.

Individual programme requirements can be found on our programme pages, here.

English language requirements can be found here.

Usual standard offers

We express our standard offer in terms of GCE A-levels and the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme (IB). To see the usual standard offer and entry requirements for each programme, view the programme page for the specific programme you are interested in.

We also consider a range of international qualifications – to find our standard entry requirements for your qualification please see Information for international students.

The School receives many applications from very well qualified applicants and predicted or actual grades which meet or exceed the standard offer do not guarantee an offer of admission. Furthermore, the published standard offers are only a guide and in some cases candidates will be asked for grades which differ from this. The offers made in any given year will depend on the strength of that particular cohort and this means that offers made may also change from year to year. We also reserve the right to specify that particular grades should be achieved in particular subjects.

Applicants studying for the International Baccalaureate Diploma

LSE considers candidates applying with the International Baccalaureate. Offers at LSE are based on an overall points score in combination with individual scores in each of the Higher level subjects being taken into consideration.

The International Baccalaureate is scored out of 45 points and the entry requirements for LSE range from 37 points overall (with three Higher level subjects at grades 6 6 6) to 38 points overall (with three Higher level subjects at grades 7 6 6). Please find the scores required for each specific programme at LSE on the programme pages.

Changes to International Baccalaureate Diploma Mathematics Courses from September 2019

We have been notified by the IBO that they have completely revised their Mathematics curriculum. They will be introducing two new subjects; Mathematics: analysis and approaches and Mathematics: applications and interpretation from September 2019. Please see below for our programme-specific requirements:

  • Mathematics: analysis and approaches (HL) required

    -          BSc Mathematics and Economics

    -          BSc Mathematics with Economics

    -          BSc Financial Mathematics

  • Mathematics: analysis and approaches (HL) preferred/desirable (but both streams considered)

    -          BSc Economics

    -          BSc Economics with Economic History

    -          BSc Econometrics and Mathematical Economics

    -          BSc Finance

    -          BSc Actuarial Science

    -          BSc Mathematics, Statistics and Business

  • Either stream (HL) is acceptable

    -          BSc Economic History with Economics

    -          BSc Economics and Economic History

    -          BSc Environmental Policy with Economics

    -          BSc Geography with Economics

    -          BSc Politics and Economics

    -          BSc Management

    -          BSc Philosophy and Economics

    -          BSc Philosophy, Politics and Economics

    -          BSc International Social and Public Policy and Economics

Applicants studying for the European Baccalaureate Diploma

We accept the European Baccalaureate for entry to LSE. Below you will find the A-level grade requirement listed, and its equivalent in the European Baccalaureate. Our entry requirements vary by programme, and you should visit the individual undergraduate degree programme webpage for this information.

 A-level grade  Equivalent in the European Baccalaureate
 A*AA, AAA  Obtain 85 per cent overall
 AAB  Obtain 80 per cent overall
Mathematics A*  8.5 in Mathematics (the full option - five periods per week
Mathematics A  8.0 in Mathematics (the full option - five periods per week)

Applicants studying other UK qualifications

Cambridge Pre-U

LSE considers candidates applying with the Cambridge Pre-U Diploma or one or more principal subjects in combination with A-levels. We consider a full course Cambridge Pre-U Principal Subject to be equivalent to an A-level. Our grade equivalencies are:

LSE A-level equivalent

Pre-U grade


Pre-U D1

A-level A*

Pre-U D2

A-level A

Pre-U D3

A-level B

Pre-U M2

The Global Perspectives and Independent Research Project (GPR) is considered equivalent to an Extended Project and will not form part of any conditional offer.


BTEC Level 3 qualifications (BTEC Nationals) are looked at on an individual basis for admission to LSE. Due to the structure and assessment of BTECs, they are not regarded as providing as good a preparation for our degree programmes as more academic qualifications. As BTEC qualifications are typically in non-preferred subjects they may be seen as less competitive for programmes that have a large number of well qualified applicants. Our entry requirements for students sitting the reformed BTEC qualifications (using the RQF specifications) are listed below. We also accept unreformed BTEC qualifications (using the QCF specifications), again on an individual basis. Typically all other entry requirements need to be met, including GCSE English and Mathematics at grade B and any Mathematics and Further Mathematics A-level requirements. You should ask your referee to note any extenuating circumstances that may have impacted upon the choice of courses available to you post-16.


Entry requirements

UGAA required?

BTEC National Certificate 
(2 units)

Not acceptable for entry


BTEC National Extended Certificate
(4 units)

ONLY acceptable in combination with A-levels in two traditional academic subjects.

D with A*A for A*AA courses
D with AA for AAA courses
D with AA for AAB courses

UGAA not required 

BTEC National Foundation Diploma
(6 units)

ONLY acceptable in combination with A-levels in two traditional academic subjects.

D with A*A for A*AA courses
D with AA for AAA courses
D with AA for AAB courses

UGAA not required 

BTEC National Diploma 
(8 units)

ONLY acceptable in combination with A-levels in two traditional academic subjects.

DD with A*A for A*AA courses
DD with AA for AAA courses
D with AA for AAB courses

UGAA not required 

BTEC National Extended Diploma
(13 units)

D*DD with A* for A*AA courses
DDD with A for courses requiring AAA or AAB

Acceptable without A-levels alongside the Undergraduate Admissions Assessment.

UG Admissions Assessment required if student has no A-levels

Maths A*/A

A-level Mathematics should be offered (and Further Mathematics where appropriate).


NB D* refers to Distinction*
BTEC Level 3 qualifications (BTEC Nationals) are looked at on an individual basis for admission to LSE.

Welsh Baccalaureate

Applicants taking the Welsh Baccalaureate Advanced Diploma are expected to have studied three subjects to A-level and we would typically make an offer based on three A level grades (excluding the Welsh Baccalaureate qualification). If you have only been able to take two A-levels alongside the Welsh Baccalaureate because of school/college restrictions, we would consider making an offer based on two A-levels and the Welsh Baccalaureate in place of the third A-level. The Welsh Baccalaureate is regarded as a non-preferred subject and we would expect two generally preferred subjects at A-level (see above). Supporting evidence regarding your school's policy on A-levels and the Welsh Baccalaureate would be required and should be provided in the reference.

Scottish Highers/Advanced Highers

We normally expect Advanced Highers in three subjects, at grades AAA to AAB.  Where A-level Maths is required, we require Advanced Higher Maths and where Further Maths is required we require an additional Advanced Higher in Applied Mathematics (Mathematics of Mechanics or Statistics from 2015).

Where an applicant is prevented, for reasons outside of their control, from studying more than two Advanced Highers we may consider making an offer on two Advanced Highers plus an additional Higher or Scottish Baccalaureate Interdisciplinary Project studied in S6.

If an applicant has not taken a National 5 or equivalent qualification in English and/or Maths we would expect to see that subject offered at Higher Level and may require a particular grade.

Modern Studies is considered a traditional academic/generally preferred subject.

Law National Admissions Test (LNAT)

All applicants applying to study the LLB (course code M100) at LSE for entry in 2020 (or deferred entry in 2021) are required sit the Law National Admissions Test (LNAT). The LNAT is not required for any other programme at LSE.

Why has LSE introduced the LNAT?

Each cycle LSE receives a very high volume of highly-qualified applicants to study the LLB. The LNAT will provide additional information about applicants’ aptitude for the study of law and is intended to be used alongside existing assessments in order to make fair admissions decisions.

What is the LNAT?

The LNAT is the National Admissions Test for Law and is used by several UK universities as part of their admissions process.

The LNAT is a 2 ¼ hour test in two parts: a multiple-choice section based on a passage of text, and a written essay.

It is designed to test applicants’ aptitude for studying law at university; it does not require any prior knowledge of law. As such candidates do not need any additional coaching to sit the test and we do not endorse or recommend paying third parties offering coaching help or preparatory materials. The LNAT website has official information and guidance on how to prepare for the test, including sample papers.

We strongly recommend visiting the LNAT website before you make your application for detailed information about the test.

When and where do I take the test?

The test can be taken between the 1st September 2019 and 20th January 2020. You may submit your application to LSE through UCAS before or after you take the test, however the test must be taken no later 20th January 2019 for your application to be considered.

You may only sit the test once per application cycle. Test results cannot be carried to the next application cycle if you reapply.

The test is administered by Pearson VUE and test centres are available throughout the UK and overseas. You must register with Pearson VUE on the LNAT website to book your test. For further details, see

What is the cost of taking the test?

The cost for candidates to take the test can be found on the LNAT website. Help is available for UK/EU students who cannot afford the cost of the test.  UK/EU students entitled to certain state benefits can apply for an LNAT bursary. To for more information and to apply for a LNAT bursary see

How will LSE use the LNAT in admission decisions?

At present, we will only use the multiple-choice score in the assessment of applicants; the essay will not be considered.

There is no set minimum score in the multiple-choice section that applicants are expected to achieve in order to be successful, instead the score may be used to help distinguish between similarly qualified applicants.The multiple choice score will form part of our holistic assessment of applicants and will be used alongside all other information on the UCAS form, including academic record, contextual information, the reference and personal statement.

Can I be considered for entry to the LLB at LSE if I have not taken the LNAT?

No, all applicants applying to the LLB programme are required to sit the LNAT; we will only consider applicants who have sat the LNAT by the 20th January 2019.

In extreme circumstances an applicant may be allowed exemption from the test, for example if there is no test centre in your country of residence or access to the test centre is disrupted by civil unrest or natural disaster. Exemptions are rare and considered on a case by case basis by each individual university.

If I take the LNAT test do I need to sit the UGAA?

Some applicants taking non-traditional qualifications or less well-known qualifications may be required to sit the Undergraduate Admissions Assessment (UGAA) as part of their application to LSE. The UGAA is an assessment administered by LSE that assesses applicants’ English and Mathematics ability. For more information about the UGAA including a list of qualifications requiring the UGAA please see the UGAA pages.

Applicants to LSE’s LLB programme are exempt from sitting the UGAA. Instead, the essay section of the LNAT may be assessed. Undergraduate Admissions will be in contact with these students from Januray if the academic selector wishes to assess the LNAT essay as part of the application process.

However, if you are also applying to other LSE programmes you may be required to sit the UGAA, particularly if the programme has a mathematics entry requirement. On making your application you will be notified by email if you may be required to take the UGAA.

Language qualifications

LSE values the skills that language acquisition brings and many of our applicants describe themselves as bi, tri or multi-lingual.  We do however differentiate between language learning qualifications and those designed for competent language users. Where we have reason to believe a student has significant prior exposure to a language, we may exclude a language learning qualification from any offer we make.

Significant prior exposure to a language may include:

  • you, your immediate family or your community regularly speak the language during day-to-day life.

  • you live or have lived in a country where that language is commonly spoken.

  • you are or have been educated in that language.

The most common qualifications this applies to are language A levels (except those designed for first language users eg, Welsh first language), International Baccalaureate Language B courses and Advanced Placement Language and Culture Courses. We are able to be more flexible in our requirements when considering courses taken only to AS or Standard Level, although we may still exclude these.

In order to help us with this decision, we take into account all information provided on the UCAS application such as nationality, schools attended (pre and post-16), completed language qualifications, normal place of residence and information from your referee. Where it is unclear to us whether the language qualification being taken is providing a significant academic challenge, we may require further information from you or your referee before we make our final decision.

Foundation Courses and Access to Higher Education Diploma

Access to Higher Education Diploma

Applicants taking an Access to Higher Education Diploma are assessed alongside other applicants using the full range of information presented on the UCAS application. Those demonstrating potential may be asked to sit the School's Undergraduate Admissions Assessment (UGAA). Final admissions decisions are based on performance in the UGAA and information on the UCAS form.

It is useful for the selectors to have information regarding your performance in the Diploma so far. Applicants may consider submitting their application later in the UCAS cycle, when more information is available; equal consideration is given to all applications received before the January 15th deadline.

All applicants should complete their Diploma with 45 credits at Level 3. Grade requirements depend on the degree programme applied for, see below:   

A level entry requirement

Access to HE requirement


Complete the Access to Higher Education Diploma with 30 Level 3 credits at Distinction (all of which must be subject based) plus 15 at Merit or Pass.

Marks in specific units relating to the degree programme applied for may be required.

Foundation Courses

We consider applications from students who are able to complete a foundation course, however not all foundation courses are acceptable for all degree programmes. In previous years we have received applications from students studying the foundation courses at institutions such as the University of London International programme, University College London, Kings College London and the University of Warwick.

Applicants who are interested in the following programmes, must cover the content of the A Level Mathematics syllabus:

  • Economics (L01)

  • Econometrics and Mathematical Economics (L140)

  • Economics with Economic History (L1V3)

  • Economic History with Economics (V3L1)

  • Economics and Economic History (VL31)

  • Finance (N300)

  • Environmental Policy with Economics (F9L1)

  • Geography with Economics (L7L1)

  • Politics and Economics (LL12)

  • Management (N200)

  • Mathematics and Economics (GL11)

  • Mathematics with Economics (G1L1)

  • Financial Mathematics and Statistics (GN13)

  • Philosophy and Economics (LV15)

  • Philosophy, Politics and Economics (L0V0)

  • International Social and Public Policy and Economics (LLK1)

  • Actuarial Science (N321)

  • Mathematics, Statistics and Business (G0N0)

Information on the content of A level Mathematics can be found here. Following submission of your application, applicants on foundation courses will be required to verify and provide details of their foundation course content. 

We assess Foundation Course students alongside other applicants using the full range of information presented on the UCAS application. Those demonstrating potential may be asked to sit the School’s Undergraduate Admissions Assessment (UGAA). Final admissions decisions are based on performance in the UGAA and information on the UCAS form. 

Applicants studying international qualifications

Accepted international qualifications

Whilst not an exhaustive list, the following are international qualifications with which applicants may be eligible for consideration by LSE:

• At least five Advanced Placement subjects (see the College Board and UCAS websites) taken over a maximum of three years. Confirmation of our AP requirements can be found here
• A University of London International Programmes qualification
• A foundation programme (See StudyUK for more detail)
• A year of university study from another institution* 

*Applicants to whom we make an offer on the basis of an undergraduate degree are normally expected to obtain a B+ or the equivalent overall, but higher marks in specific subjects may also be necessary.

Applicants offered a place on the basis of a foundation programme or university studies may be asked to sit the Undergraduate Admissions Assessment (UGAA).

We are also happy to consider a wide range of alternative international qualifications – to find our standard entry requirements for your qualification please see the Information for international students.