Department of Economic History
The Mughal State was a highly militaristic and expansive empire which faced numerous rebellions and wars over the dynasty. Paradoxically, however, a significant proportion of Mughal rebels were forgiven, sometimes multiple times, instead of being executed or imprisoned as would be expected from autocratic pre-modern regimes.
My research asks the question why the Mughals adopted this unusual policy of forgiveness and what this can teach us about state formation. To answer this, I have compiled and analysed the first ever Mughal rebellion database which records major rebellions, participants and consequence information for each rebellion.