Ben Plowden is a senior associate in LSE Cities. He is an Associate in the Transport team at PA Consulting. Prior to joining PA, Ben worked for Transport for London for nearly twenty years. He held a number of senior positions in TfL, including programme sponsor for Surface Transport’s multi-billion pound investment programme, founding Director of the Smarter Travel Unit, MD of Corporate Communications and Director of Borough Partnerships. Before working at TfL, Ben was a leading environmental campaigner, including being the founding Chief Executive of the national charity Living Streets and Senior Campaigner on Energy and Natural Resources at the Campaign for the Protection of Rural England.