Dr Kai Möller

Dr Kai Möller

Associate Professor of Law

Department of Law

Room No
New Academic Building 7.01
English, German
Key Expertise
Comparative Human and Constitutional Rights Law, Global Constitutionalism

About me

Kai Möller is an Associate Professor of Law at the LSE. Before joining the Law Department in 2009, he was a Junior Research Fellow and previously a Lecturer in Jurisprudence at Lincoln College, University of Oxford. He holds M.Jur., M.Phil. and D.Phil. degrees from Oxford and a PhD in law from Freiburg University. He is also qualified for the German bar.

Administrative support: Laura-Ann Royal

Research interests

  • Constitutional theory
  • Human rights law and theory
  • Comparative human and constitutional rights law
  • Moral, political, and legal philosophy


Public engagement

'Circumcision: A child's protest' LSE Religion and Global Society Blog 18 July 2019

Religious and cultural practices can be so deeply entrenched and normalised as to seem unremarkable, even mundane, to those who live by them. In the case of circumcision, a little boy’s reluctance to partake in this particular tradition can be seen by his elders as cute and endearing, but ultimately silly and juvenile. Reflecting on a recent case, Kai Möller challenges this comfortable reading. He suggests instead that the child was agonising over an impending violation which the adults around him would not perceive.

'Die prozedurale Seite des Rechts auf Rechtfertigung: eine Erwiderung auf ALON HAREL'
 Verfassungsblog 14 June 2018

'Let's talk about circumcision' LSE EUROPP 6 March 2018

A proposal to ban circumcision for non-medical reasons in Iceland has generated a heated debate over whether banning the practice would amount to an attack on religious freedom. Kai Möller outlines his own opposition to male circumcision, and argues in favour of an open debate over the issue in which both sides are respected and there is an attempt to reach common ground.

'Eine Frage der Würde' ('A matter of dignity'), Süddeutsche Zeitung 5 July 2017, p. 2.

The essay argues that the introduction of same sex marriage in Germany does not require an amendment to the Constitution. Article 6 of the Basic Law, which protects marriage, should be interpreted in line with the fundamental values of the Constitution, namely human dignity, freedom, and equality. This leads to the conclusion that same sex marriage is not only permissible but obligatory under the Basic Law.  



The Global Model of Constitutional Rights (Oxford University Press, 2012; paperback, 2015)

Since the end of the Second World War and the subsequent success of constitutional judicial review, one particular model of constitutional rights has had remarkable success, first in Europe and now globally. This global model of constitutional rights is characterized by an extremely broad approach to the scope of rights (sometimes referred to as 'rights inflation'), the acceptance of horizontal effect of rights, positive obligations and increasingly also socio-economic rights, and the use of the doctrines of balancing and proportionality to determine the permissible limitations of rights. 
    Drawing on analyses of a broad range of cases from the UK, the European Court of Human Rights, Germany, Canada, the US, and South Africa, this book provides the first substantive moral, reconstructive theory of the global model. It shows that it is based on a coherent conception of constitutional rights which connects to attractive accounts of judicial review, democracy and the separation of powers. 
   The first part of the book develops a theory of the scope of rights under the global model. It defends the idea of a general right to personal autonomy: a right to everything which, according to the agent's self-conception, is in his or her interest. The function of this right is to acknowledge that every act by a public authority which places a burden on a person's autonomy requires justification. The second part of the book proposes a theory of the structure of this justification which offers original and useful accounts of the important doctrines of balancing and proportionality.

click here for publisher's site

available via Oxford Scholarship Online

Review article:
Dimitrios Kyritsis, 'Whatever Works: Proportionality as a Constitutional Doctrine', Oxford Journal of Legal Studies (2014) 1-21

Pritam Baruah, 76 (6) (2013) Modern Law Review 1162-1169
John Adenitire, 14 (2014) Human Rights Law Review 159-171
Max Harris, 2015 (1) European Human Rights Law Review 110-114

Virgílio Afonso da Silva, 'How Global is Global Constitutionalism? Comments on Kai Moller's The Global Model of Constitutional Rights', Jerusalem Review of Legal Studies (2014) Vol. 10, 175-186
Alon Harel, 'Do Legal Rights Matter? Comments on The Global Model of Constitutional Rights', Jerusalem Review of Legal Studies (2014) Vol. 10, 187-192
Iddo Porat, 'The Global Model of Rights and Exclusionary Reasons: Comments on Kai Möller's The Global Model of Constitutional Rights', Jerusalem Review of Legal Studies (2014) Vol. 10, 193-205  

Kai Möller, 'The Global Model of Constitutional Rights: A Response to Afonso da Silva, Harel, and Porat', Jerusalem Review of Legal Studies 2014 10 (1): 206-223


Paternalismus und Persönlichkeitsrecht (Paternalism and the Right to Privacy) (Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, 2005)