Professor Michael Bridge

Professor Michael Bridge

Emeritus Professor

Department of Law

About me

Michael Bridge was an undergraduate and postgraduate student at LSE before starting his academic career. Before coming to the LSE in 2007, he held chairs in law at McGill University, the University of Nottingham and UCL, and was Dean of the Faculty of Laws at UCL. He has been a visiting professor at the Universities of Leeds, Malaya, Hong Kong, Melbourne, Sydney and Auckland and at Monash University. In 2013, he was elected a Fellow of the British Academy.  In 2014 he was called as a Bencher of the Middle Temple, and in 2017 made a QC (honoris causa).

Research interests

Secured transactions, international and domestic sale of goods, uniform law, private international law, comparative private law, personal property law.

External activities

  • Qualified barrister and former Director of Legal Research (part-time), Norton Rose Solicitors
  • Adviser to the UK Department of Trade and Industry on the Draft Rome I Regulation 2006-
  • Member of UK Government Department of Trade and Industry Working Group on the Registration of Company Charges (The Company Law Review Steering Group) 2001
  • European Civil Code Study Group, Subject Advisor to Working Groups on Security (Chair: Professor Drobnig) and Transfer of Title to Movables (Chair: Professors Posch and Lurger) (see www.sgecc.net) 2001-
  • Member of Working Group on Property/Trust/Securities (Trento Project on EC Common Core of Private Law) 1997-
  • Member of the Second Commission on European Contract Law (Director: Professor O Lando, University of Copenhagen) 1993-97; and of the Third Commission on European Contract Law (Joint Directors: Professors O Lando and R Zimmermann) 1997-2001
  • Member of the CISG (UN Convention on the International Sale of Goods) Advisory council; rapporteur for the Opinion on Consequences of Avoidance of the Contract (draft)
  • Visiting Professor at the University of Hong Kong and the National University of Singapore (2008); Visiting Professor at the Institute of Maritime Law, Tulane University (2009)

Books

  • The Law of Security and Title-Based Financing (with H Beale, L Gullifer and E Lomnicka) (Oxford University Press, 3rd ed 2018)
  • The International Sale of Goods  (4th ed.) (Oxford University Press, 2017)
  • The Law of Personal Property (2nd ed.) (Sweet & Maxwell, 2017) (with L Gullifer, K Low and G McMeel)
  • Benjamin’s Sale of Goods (Sweet and Maxwell) (10th ed) (2017)
  • Personal property law. Clarendon Law Series (4th ed.) (Oxford University Press, 2015)
  • The sale of goods (3rd ed.) (Oxford University Press, 2014)
  • Benjamin’s Sale of Goods (Sweet and Maxwell) (9th ed) (2014); Special Supplement on the Consumer Rights Act 2015 (with S Whittaker) (2015); Cumulative Supplement to 9th edition (2016)
  • The International Sale of Goods (3rd ed.) (Oxford University Press,  2013)
  • The law of personal property (Sweet & Maxwell, 2013) (with Louise Gullifer, Gerard McMeel and Sarah Worthington)
  • The law of security and title-based financing (2nd ed.) (Oxford University Press, 2012) (with Hugh Beale and Louise Gullifer and Eva Lomnicka)
  • Benjamin’s Sale of Goods (8th ed.) (2010); First Annual Supplement to 8th ed (2012); Second Cumulative Supplement to 8th ed (2013) 
  • The sale of goods (2nd ed.) (Oxford University Press, 2009)
  • Benjamin’s Sale of Goods (Sweet and Maxwell) (General Editor and Specialist Editor for Chapters 3-8, 2007-): First Annual Supplement to 7th ed. (2008); Second Cumulative Supplement to 7th ed. (2009)
  • The international sale of goods: law and practice (2nd ed.) (Oxford University Press, 2007)
  • The law of personal property security (Oxford University Press, 2007) (with Hugh Beale and Louise Gullifer and Eva Lomnicka)
  • International sale of goods in the conflict of laws. Oxford private international law series (Oxford University Press, 2005) (with James J. Fawcett, Jonathon M. Harris)
  • Personal property law. Clarendon law series (3rd ed.) (Oxford University Press, 2002)
  • Cross-Border Security and Insolvency (Oxford University Press, 2001) (with R Stevens)
  • The sale of goods (Oxford University Press, 1998)
  • Personal property law (2nd ed.) (Blackstone, 1996)
  • Emden's Construction Law (Butterworths, 1993) (with NE Palmer and others), ch 23 (Insolvency) (1994-95)
  • Personal property law (Blackstone, 1993)
  • Palmer's Company Law (Sweet & Maxwell, 1992, with releases at triannual intervals to date, ) (with GK Morse and others), Chapters 6.8, 13.0, 13.1 and 13.3 (Mortgages of shares and company charges), also published as Palmer's Corporate Insolvency (eds P Davies, IF Fletcher, D Bennett and MG Bridge). Major revision August 2007 (1992-2010)
  • Sale of goods (Butterworths, 1988)
  • Sales and sales financing in Canada: cases and materials (Carswell, 1981)

Articles

  • (2019) 'Risk, property and bulk goods in international sales' L.M.C.L.Q. 2019, 1(Feb), 57-74.
  • (2019) 'The exercise of contractual discretion' L.Q.R. 2019, 135(Apr), 227-248 
  • (2018) 'Property, Title and Debt in Sale of Goods' (2018) 29 National Law School of India Review 21-33
  • (2018) 'Debt Instead of Damages' in L DiMatteo and Lei Chen, Chinese Contract Law: Perspectives (Cambridge University Press 2018), Ch 17 pp 423-44
  • (2017) 'Secured Credit Legislation: Functionalism or Transactional Co-Existence' in S Bazinas and O Akseli (eds), International and Comparative Secured Transactions Law (Hart, 2017), Ch 1 pp 1-24 
  • (2017) 'The UK Supreme Court decision in The Res Cogitans and the cardinal role of property in sales law' Singapore Journal of Legal Studies 345-65 
  • (2017) 'Certainty, Identification and Intention in Personal Property Law' in PS Davies and J Penner (eds), Equity, Trusts and Commerce (Hart Publishing 2017), pp 87-111
  • (2017) 'Interest under the UN Sales Convention' [2017] (3) Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Handelsrecht 97-108
  • (2017) 'Good faith, the common law and the CISG' Uniform Law Review, 22 (1). pp. 98-115.
  • (2016) 'Consequences of avoidance of the contract under the CISG' in Eppur Si Muove: The Age of Uniform Law: Essays in Honour of Michael Joachim Bonell to Celebrate His 70th Birthday. UNIDROIT, Rome, Italy, pp. 1717-1733.
  • (2016) 'The nature of assignment and non-assignment clauses' Law Quarterly Review, 2016 (1).
  • (2016) 'Remedies and damages' in DiMatteo, Larry A. and Janssen, André and Magnus, Ulrich and Schulze, Reiner, (eds.) International Sales Law: Contract, Principles & Practice. Nomos Verlagsgesellschaf / Verlag C.H.BECK oHG / Hart Publishing, Baden-Baden, Germany, pp. 529-586.
  • (2016) 'Markets and Damages in Sale of Goods Cases' (2016) 132 Law Quarterly Review 404-25
  • (2016) 'Risk of loss' in DiMatteo, Larry A. and Janssen, André and Magnus, Ulrich and Schulze, Reiner, (eds.) International Sales Law: Contract, Principles & Practice. Nomos Verlagsgesellschaf / Verlag C.H.BECK oHG / Hart Publishing, Baden-Baden, Germany, pp. 635-664.
  • (2015) 'Insolvency' in Burrows, Andrew, (ed.) Principles of English Commercial Law. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 353-419.
  • (2014) 'The CISG and the UNIDROIT principles of international commercial contracts' Uniform Law Review - Revue de droit uniforme, 19 (4). pp. 623-642.
  • (2014) 'Freedom to exercise contractual rights of termination' in Gullifer, Louise and Vogenauer, Stefan, (eds.) English and European Perspectives on Contract and Commercial Law: Essays in Honour of Hugh Beale. Hart Publishing, Oxford, UK, pp. 87-104.
  • (2013) 'Private law and financial crises' Journal of Corporate Law Studies, 13 (2). pp. 361-399. ISSN 1473-5970 (with Jo Braithwaite)
  • (2013) 'Insolvencyi in Burrows, Andrew (ed.) English Private Law. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • (2013) 'An English lawyer looks at American contract law' in Buckley, F.H., (ed.) The American Illness: Essays on the Rule of Law. Yale University Press, pp. 291-311.
  • (2012) 'Contract damages under the United Nations convention on the international sale of goods: loss and compensation'  European Journal of Commercial Contract Law (Ejccl), 4 (4). pp. 77-90.
  • (2011) 'The assignment of contractual rights in English Law and the Unidroit Principles' in Boric, Tomislav and Lurger, Brigitta and Schwarzenegger, Peter and Terlitza, Bernd, (eds.) öFfnung und Wandel - Die Internationale Dimension des Rechts Ii: Festschrift Für Willibald Posch. Lexis Nexis Österreich, pp. 89-100.
  • (2011) 'Articles 81-84' in Kröll, Stefan and Mistelis, Loukas A. and del Pilar, Maria and Viscacillas, Perales, (eds.) The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods. CH Beck / Hart Publishing.
  • (2011) 'Curing a seller’s defective tender or delivery in commercial cases' in Büchler, Andrea and Müller-Chen, Markus, (eds.) Festschrift Für Ingeborg Schwenzer Zum 60. Geburtstag. Stämpfli, Bern, Switzerland, pp. 221-235.
  • (2010) 'Security financial collateral transfers and prime broker insolvency' Law and Financial Markets Review, 4 (2). pp. 189-193.
  • (2010) 'Avoidance for fundamental breach of contract under the UN Convention on the International Sale of Goods' International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 59 (4). pp. 911-940.
  • (2009) 'The proprietary aspects of assignment and choice of law' Law Quarterly Review, 125. pp. 671-698.
  • (2009) 'England and Wales' in Sigman, Harry C. and Kieninger, Eva-Maria, (eds.) Cross-Border Security Over Receivables. Sellier European Law Publishers, Munich, pp. 147-180.
  • (2009) 'CISG advisory council opinion 9, consequences of avoidance of the contract' in Nordic Journal of Commercial Law, 2009 (1).
  • (2008) 'The CISG from a common law perspective' CISG Part II Conference, 4-5 September 2008, Stockholm.
  • (2008) 'Clearing houses and insolvency in Australia' Law Quarterly Review, 124 (Jul). pp. 379-384.
  • (2008) 'The scope and limits of security interests' in Eidenmüller, Horst and Kieninger, Eva-Maria, (eds.) The Future of Secured Credit in Europe. European company and financial law review (specia). De Gruyter Rechtswissenschaften Verlags GmbH, pp. 180-214.
  • (2008) 'Description and the sale of goods: the Diana prosperity' in Mitchell, Charles and Mitchell, Paul, (eds.) Landmark Cases in the Law of Contract. Hart Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK, pp. 321-349.
  • (2008) 'The market rule of damages assessment' in Saidov, Djakhongir and Cunnington, Ralph, (eds.) Contract Damages: Domestic and International Perspectives. Hart Publishing, Oxford, UK, pp. 431-458.
  • (2008) 'The transfer of risk under the UN sales convention' Andersen, Camilla B. and Schroeter, Ulrich G., (eds.) Sharing International and Commercial Law Across National Boundaries. Wildy, Simmonds and Hill Publishing, UK, pp. 77-104.
  • (2008) 'Compensation for commercial agents in the House of Lords' European Review of Contract Law, 4 (1). pp. 31-39.
  • (2008) 'Choice of law and the CISG: opting in and opting out' Flechtner, Harry M. and Brand, Ronald A. and Walter, Mark S., (eds.) Drafting Contracts Under the Cisg. Cile studies. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 65-101.
  • (2008) 'Clearing houses and insolvency' Law and Financial Markets Review, 2 (5). pp. 418-421.
  • (2008) 'Possessory security' in Cane, Peter and Conaghan, Joanne, (eds.) The New Oxford Companion to Law. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, p. 917.
  • (2008) 'Sale of goods' in Cane, Peter and Conaghan, Joanne, (eds.) The New Oxford Companion to Law. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 1042-1043.
  • (2007) 'Cross-Border Security over Tangibles: England and Wales' in E-M Kieninger and H Sigman (eds), Cross-Border Security over Tangibles (Sellier, 2007), pp.125-57
  • (2007) 'Insolvency' in Burrows, Andrew, (ed.) English Private Law. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 1443-1526.
  • (2007) 'Sale of goods in Scotland - a second tender: J&H Ritchie Ltd v Lloyd Ltd' Journal of Business Law, 2007 (Oct). pp. 813-818.
  • (2007) 'A law for international sale of goods' Hong Kong Law Journal, 37 (1). pp. 17-40.
  • (2006) 'The Law Commission's proposals for the reform of corporate security interests' in Getzler, Joshua and Payne, Jennifer, (eds.) Company Charges: Spectrum and Beyond. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 267-290.
  • (2006) 'Do we need a new Sale of Goods Act?' in Lowry, John and Mistelis, Loukas, (eds.) Commercial Law: Perspectives and Practice. LexisNexis Butterworths, London, UK.
  • (2005) 'A comment on "towards a universal doctrine of breach - the impact of CISG," by Jürgen Basedow' International Review of Law and Economics, 25 (3). pp. 501-511.
  • (2005) 'Doubting good faith' New Zealand Business Law Quarterly, 11. pp. 426-445.
  • (2005) 'Issues arising under Articles 64, 72 and 73 of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods' Journal of Law and Commerce, 25 (1). pp. 405-422.
  • (2004) 'Insolvency' in Birks, Peter, (ed.) English Private Law: Second Cumulative Updating Supplement. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 179-206.
  • (2004) 'Innocent misrepresentation in contract' Current Legal Problems, 57 (1). pp. 277-304.
  • (2004) 'The English law of security: creditor-friendly but unreformed' in Kieninger, Eva-Maria, (ed.) Security Sights in Movable Property in European Private Law. The common core of European private law. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 81-97.
  • (2003) 'Documents and contractual congruence in international trade' in Worthington, Sarah, (ed.) Commercial Law and Commercial Practice. Hart Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK, pp. 213-248.
  • (2003) 'A commentary on Articles 1-13 and 78' in Ferrari, Franco and Flechtner, Harry and Brand, Ronald A., (eds.) The Draft Uncitral Digest and Beyond - Cases, Analysis and Unresolved Issues in the U.N. Sweet & Maxwell Ltd., London, UK, pp. 235-258.
  • (2003) 'What is to be done about sale of goods?' Law Quarterly Review, 119 (Apr). pp. 173-177.
  • (2003) 'Collectivity, management of estates and the pari passu rule in winding-up' in Armour, John and Bennett, Howard, (eds.) Vulnerable Transactions in Corporate Insolvency. Hart Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK, pp. 1-36.
  • (2003) 'The future of English private transactional law' europa e Diritto Privato, 2003 (1). pp. 87-122.
  • (2003) 'Uniformity and diversity in the law of international sale' Pace International Law Review, 15. pp. 50-89.
  • (2003) 'The evolution of common law in the United Kingdom and the influence of European law' in Bisson, Alain-François and Perret, Louis, (eds.) Évolution des Systèmes Juridiques, Bijuridisme et Commerce International. Wilson & Lafleur, Montreal, Canada.
  • (2002) 'Article 4 and the right of redress' in Bianca, Massimo C. and Grundmann, Stefan, (eds.) Eu Sales Directive. Intersentia, pp. 179-210.
  • (2002) 'The future of English private transactional law' Current Legal Problems, 55 (1). pp. 191-222.
  • (2002) 'The English law of real security' European Review of Private Law, 10 (4). pp. 483-508.
  • (2001) 'The UK Sale of Goods Act, the CISG and the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts' in Šarčević, Petar and Volken, Paul, (eds.) The International Sale of Goods Revisited. Kluwer Law International, The Hague, The Netherlands, pp. 115-155.
  • (2001) 'English conflicts rules for transfer of movables: a contract-based approach?' in Bridge, Michael G. and Stevens, Robert, (eds.) Cross-Border Security and Insolvency. Oxford law colloquium. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 123-144.
  • (2001) 'The Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999' Edinburgh Law Review, 5 (1). pp. 85-102.
  • (2000) 'Insolvency' in Birks, Peter, (ed.) English Private Law. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 639-723.