Professor Hugh Collins

Professor Hugh Collins

Cassel Chair of Commercial Law

Department of Law

Telephone
020-7955-7264
Room No
New Academic Building 7.18
Languages
English
Key Expertise
Employment law; relevance of human rights to employment and dismissal

About me

Hugh Collins has published research in contract law, employment law, European law, legal theory, and human rights law. Book publications include Marxism and Law (OUP); The Law of Contract (4th edn, Butterworths, Law in Context, 2003);  Justice in Dismissal (OUP); Regulating Contracts (OUP); A European Civil Code: The Way Forward (Cambridge University Press, 2008); Employment Law 2nd edn (OUP, 2010); Implicit Dimensions of Contracts (with D. Campbell and J. Wightman) (Hart Publishing, 2003); Networks as Connected Contracts (by Gunther Teubner) edited with an Introduction (Hart Publishing, 2011); and Labour Law (Cambridge University Press, Law in Context Series, 2nd edn 2019) with K.D. Ewing and Aileen McColgan; Foundations of Indirect Discrimination Law, ed with T Khaitan, (Hart Publishing, 2017); European Contract Law and the Charter of Fundamental Rights (Intersentia, 2017) Philosophical Foundations of Labour Law ed with G Lester and V Mantouvalou, (OUP, 2018).   He is currently Cassel Professor of Commercial Law at the London School of Economics, having previously been the Vinerian Professor of English Law at All Souls College, Oxford 2014-2019, Professor of English Law at the London School of Economics 1991-2014, and a Fellow of Brasenose College, Oxford. He studied law at Oxford and Harvard. He is a Fellow of the British Academy.  He served on the editorial committee of The Modern Law Review from 1991-2014, including a period as General Editor.  He is co-founder of the European Review of Contract Law and has also served on the editorial committee of the Industrial Law Journal.  

Administrative support: Amanda Tinnams

Research interests

Labour Law

Human Rights

Contract Law

Legal Theory

Teaching

Books

  • Labour Law: Law in Context Series 2nd edn (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019 ) with K.D.Ewing and A.McColgan

  • Philosophical Foundations of Labour Law (co-editor with G Lester, V Mantouvalou) (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018)

  • Foundations of Indirect Discrimination Law (co-editor with T Khaitan, Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2018)

  • European Contract Law and Fundamental Rights (ed.) (Cambridge, Intersentia, 2017)

  • The Contract of Employment (co-editor with A Bogg, D Cabrelli, N Contouris, ACL Davies,S Deakin, M Freedland (general editor), J Prassl) (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016).

  • Networks as Connected Contracts ( by G. Teubner) Edited with an introduction 1-72. (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2011)

  • Employment Law 2nd edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010) published also in Japanese

  • A European Civil Code: The Way Forward (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008); published also in Italian

  • Standard Contract Terms in Europe: A Basis for and a Challenge to European Contract Law (ed.) (The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2008) 

  • Implementation of the EU Directive on Unfair Contract Terms – special issue  (ed.) (2006-7) Vol 8(2) and (3) Contemporary Issues in Law (Witney: LawText Publishing, 2007).
  • Labour Law: Text and Materials 2nd edn (Hart Publishing: Oxford, 2005) (with K.D. Ewing and A. McColgan) 

  • Nine Proposals for Reform of the Law of Unfair Dismissal (London: Institute of Employment Rights, 2004) 

  • The Forthcoming EU Directive on Unfair Commercial Practices: Contract, Consumer and Competition Law (ed.)(The Hague, Kluwer Law International, 2004)
  • The Law of Contract, 4th edition (Butterworths, London, 2003) published in Chinese

  • Implicit Dimensions of Contracts (co-editor with D. Campbell and J. Wightman) (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2003)

  • Legal Regulation of the Employment Relation (co-editor with P. Davies and R. Rideout eds) (Kluwer International: London, 2000).

  • Regulating Contracts (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1999) translated into Chinese

  • Justice in Dismissal: The Law of Termination of Employment (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1992) 

  • Marxism and Law (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1982) published also in Greek, Korean

 

Articles

  • 'The Duty of Loyalty and the Scope of the Law of Fraud' in A Bogg, J Collins, M Freedland, and J Herring (eds) Criminality at Work (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020) 116-133 (Forthcoming)
  • 'Is the Contract of Employment Illiberal?' in H Collins, G Lester, and V Mantouvalou (eds), Philosophical Foundations of Law Law (Oxford University Press, 2018) 48-67
  • 'Introduction: Does Labour Law Need Philosophical Foundations?' (with G Lester and V Mantouvalou) in H Collins, G Lester, and V Mantouvalou (eds), Philosophical Foundations of Law Law (Oxford University Press, 2018) 1-30
  • 'Justice for Foxes: Fundamental Rights and Justification of Indirect Discrimination' in H. Collins and T Khaitan (eds), Foundations of Indirect Discrimination Law (Hart Publishing, 2018) 249-278
  • 'Indirect Discrimination Law: Controversies and Critical Questions' with Tarunabh Khaitan, in H. Collins and T Khaitan (eds), Foundations of Indirect Discrimination Law (Hart Publishing, 2018) 1-30
  • 'Discrimination and the Private Sphere' in Kaspar Lippert-Rasmussen (ed), The Routledge Handbook of the Ethics of Discrimination Law (Taylor and Francis, 2018) 360-368.
  • 'The Revolutionary Trajectory of EU Contract Law towards Post-national Law' in Sarah Worthington, Andrew Robertson, and Graham Virgo (eds), Revolution and Evolution in Private Law (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2018) 315-338
  • 'Building European Contract Law on Charter Rights' in H Collins (ed), EU Contract Law and the Charter of Fundamental Rights, Chapter 1, 1-32 (Cambridge: Intersentia, 2017)
  • 'The Challenges Presented by Fundamental Rights to Private Law' in K Barker and R Grantham (eds), Private Law in the Twenty-First Century, Chapter 12, (Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2017)
  • 'Is a Relational Contract a Legal Concept?' in S Degeling, J Edelman, J Goudkamp (eds), Contract and Commercial Law Chapter 3 (Thomson Reuters, Sydney, 2016)
  • 'Implied Terms in the Contract of Employment' in M Freedland (Gen ed), The Contract of Employment (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2016) 188-208
  • 'Human Rights and the Contract of Employment' (with V Mantouvalou), in M Freedland (Gen ed), The Contract of Employment (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2016) 188-208
  • 'Conformity of Goods, the Network Society, and the Ethical Consumer' in D. Leczykiewicz and S.Weatherill (eds),The Images of the Consumer in EU Law: Legislation, Free Movement and Competition Law (Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2016) 305-324. Also published in (2014) 22 European Review of Private Law 619-640
  • 'Lord Hoffmann and the Law of Employment: The Notorious Episode of Johnson v Unisys Ltd (with A Bogg)' in PS Davies and J Pila (eds), The Jurisprudence of Lord Hoffmann (Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2015) 185-214
  • 'Progress Towards the Right to Work in the United Kingdom?' In V Mantouvalou (ed), The Right to Work: Legal and Philosophical Perspectives (Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2015) 227-254
  • 'Is There a Human Right to Work?' In V Mantouvalou (ed), The Right to Work: Legal and Philosophical Perspectives (Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2015) 17-38
  • 'Contractual Autonomy' in A Bogg, C Costello, ACL Davies and J Prassl (eds), The Autonomy of Labour Law (Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2015) 45-71
  • 'Flipping Wreck: Lex Mercatoria on the Shoals of Ius Cogens' in S. Grundmann/F. Moeslein/K. Riesenhuber (eds.), Contract Governance - Dimensions in Law and Interdisciplinary Research (OUP, 2015) 383-406 
  • 'Implied Terms: The Foundation in Good Faith and Fair Dealing' (2014) 67 Current Legal Problems 297-331
  • 'Entretiens sur le droit du licenciement pour motif économique: Royaume Uni' (2013) Revue de Droit du Travail No. 6, 430-433
  • 'The Contract of Employment in 3D' in D. Campbell, L. Mulcahy, S. Wheeler (eds), Changing Concepts of Contract: Essays in Honour of Ian Macneil (Palgrave MacMillan, Basingstoke, 2013) 65-88
  • 'The Vanishing Freedom to Choose a Contractual Partner' (2013) 76 Law and Contemporary Problems 71-88
  • 'Private Production of Transnational Law through Standard Form Contracts' in H. Eidenmuller (ed), Regulatory Competition in Contract Law and Dispute Settlement (Verlag CH Beck, Munich; Hart Publishing,Oxford; and Nomos, Baden Baden, 2013) Chapter 6, pp. 123-143
  • 'The (In)compatibility of Human Rights and Private Law' in H. Micklitz (ed), The Constitutionalisation of Private Law in Europe: Collected Courses of the Academy of European Law (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014) 26-60
  • 'Cosmopolitanism and Transnational Private Law' (2012) 8 European Review of Contract Law 311-325
  • 'Compensation for Dismissal: In Search of Principle' (2012) 41 Industrial Law Journal 208-227
  • 'Social Dumping, Multi-level Governance and Private Law in Employment Relationships' in D. Leczykiewicz and S.Weatherill (eds), The Impact of EU law on Private Law Relationships (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2013) 223-252
  • 'The Constitutionalization of European Private Law as a Path to Social Justice?' In H-W Micklitz (ed), The Many Concepts of Social Justice in European Private Law (Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 2011) 133-166
  • 'The Hybrid Quality of European Private Law' in R. Brownsword, H-W. Micklitz, and L. Niglia (eds), The Foundations of European Private Law (Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2011) 453-463
  • 'Theories of Rights as Justifications for Labour Law' 137-155, in Guy Davidov and Brian Langille eds), The Idea of Labour Law (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2011) 137-155
  • 'The Impact of Human Rights on Contract Law in Europe' (2011)  22 European Business Law Review 425-435
  • 'The Impossible Necessity of European Labour Law' in Sam Muller, Stavros Zouridis, Morly Frishman and Laura Kistemaker (eds) The Law of the Future and the Future of Law (Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher, Oslo, 2011) 453-466
  • 'Beyond the Third Way in Labour Law: Towards the Constitutionalization of Labour Law?'  Translated and published in Japanese in M. Kaino, M. Ishida, T. Uemura (eds) Comparative Law for Creative Law: Challenges for Immediate Actions (2010)
  • 'Harmonisation by Example: European Laws against Unfair Commercial Practices' (2010) 73(1) Modern Law Review 89-118
  • 'Lord Hoffmann and the Common Law of Contract' (2009) 5 European Review of Contract Law 474-484
  • 'Does ‘Fragmented Europeanisation’ Require a European Civil Code?' (2009) (3-4) Juridiska Foreningen I Finland 213-224
  • 'The Weakest Link: Legal Implications of the Network Architecture of Supply Chains' in M. Amstutz and G. Teubner (eds), Networks: Legal Issues of Multilateral Co-operation (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2009) 187-210
  • 'Networks and Comparative  Sociological Jurisprudence' in G-P Callies, A. Fischer-Lescano, D. Wielsch and P. Zumbansen (eds),  Soziologische Jurisprudenz.  Festschrift fur Gunther Teubner Festschriift (Berlin: de Gruyter, 2009) 249-259
  • 'The European Economic Constitution and the Constitutional Dimension of Private Law' (2009) 5 European Review of Contract Law 71-94
  • 'The Directive on Unfair Contract Terms: Implementation, Effectiveness and Harmonization' in H. Collins (ed), Standard Contract Terms in Europe: A Basis for and a Challenge to European Contract Law (The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2008) 1-17
  • 'Governance Implications for the European Union of the Changing Character of Private Law' in F. Cafaggi and H. Muir-Watt (eds), Making European Private Law (Witney: Edward Elgar, 2008) 269-286
  • 'Utility and Rights in Common Law Reasoning: Rebalancing Private Law Through Constitutionalization'  (2007) 30 Dalhousie Law Journal 1-25
  • 'Why Europe Needs a Civil Code: European Identity and the Social Model' in M. Andenas, S. Diaz Alabart, B. Markesinis, H. Micklitz, and N. Pasquini (eds), Liber Amicorum Guido Alpa: Private Law Beyond the National Systems (London: British Institute of Comparative Law, 2007) 259-269
  • 'European Social Policy and Contract Law' (2007) 3 European Review of Contract Law 78-87
  • 'Does Social Justice Require the Preservation of Diversity in the Private Laws of Member States of Europe?' in T. Wilhelmsson, E. Paunio, and A. Pohjolainen (eds), Private Law and the Many Cultures of Europe (The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2007) 155-176
  • 'Les contrats de travail types en Angleterre' (2007) Revue de Droit du Travail No 5 342-346
  • 'Legal Responses to the Standard Form Contract of Employment' (2007) 36(1) Industrial Law Journal 2-18
  • 'Multi-segmented Workforces, Comparative Fairness, and the Capital Boundary Obstacle' in G. Davidov and B. Langille (eds), Boundaries and Frontiers of Labour Law (Oxford: Hart, 2006) 317-336
  • 'The Protection of Civil Liberties in the Workplace' (2006) 69(4) Modern Law Review 619-643
  • 'The Alchemy of Deriving General Principles of Contract Law from European Legislation:  In Search of the Philosopher’s Stone' (2006) 2 European Review of Contract Law 213-226
  • 'A Workers’ Civil Code? Principles of European Contract Law Evolving in EU Social and Economic Policy' in M.W. Hesselink (ed) The Politics of European Civil Code (The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2006) 55-70
  • 'Social Rights, General Clauses, and the Acquis Communitaire' in S. Grundmann and D. Mazeaud (eds), General Clauses and Standards in European Contract Law (The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2006) 111-140
  • 'The Right to Flexibility' in J. Conaghan and K. Rittich (eds), Labour Law, Work, and Family: Critical and Comparative Perspectives (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005) 99-124
  • 'The Unfair Commercial Practices Directive' (2005) 1 European Review of Contract Law 417-441
  • 'Harmonisation of European Contract Law: Citizenship, Diversity and Effectiveness' (2005) 7 Cambridge Yearbook of European Law 80-97
  • 'Flexibility and Stability of Expectations in the Contract of Employment' (2005) Socio-Economic Review 1-15
  • 'Market Integration, Social Justice, and Autonomous Agreements: Regulating Transactions in Europe' in V. Roppo (ed), A European Civil Code?: Perspectives and Problems (Milan: Guiffre, 2005) 161-182
  • 'European Social Policy and Contract Law' (2005) 1 European Review of Contract Law 115-128
  • 'Social Inclusion: A Better Approach to Equality Issues?' (2005) 14 Transnational Law & Contemporary Problems 101-122
  • 'The Freedom to Circulate Documents: Regulating Contracts in Europe' (2004) 10 European Law Journal 787-803
  • 'Social Justice in European Contract Law: A Manifesto' (rapporteur with the Social Justice Group) (2004) 10 European Law Journal 653-674
  • Editorial: 'The Future of European Private Law' (2004) 10 European Law Journal 649-652
  • 'EC Regulation of Unfair Commercial Practices' in H. Collins (ed), The Forthcoming EC Directive on Unfair Commercial Practices: Contract, Consumer and Competition Law Implications (Kluwer Law International: The Hague, 2004) 1-42
  • 'Objectivity and Committed Contextualism in Interpretation' in S. Worthington (ed), Commercial Law and Commercial Practice (Oxford: Hart Publishign, 2003) 189-209
  • 'The ‘Common Frame of Reference’ for EC Contract Law: A Common Lawyer’s Perspective' in M. Meli and M R Maugeri (eds), L’Armonizzazione del Diritto Privato Europeo: Il Piano D’Azione 2003 (Milan: Guiffre, 2004) 107-124
  • 'La Guistizia Contrattuale in Europa' (Regulating Contracts for Fairness in Europe), (2003) XX1-4 Rivista Critica Del Diritto Privato 659-685
  • 'Regulating Contract Law' in C. Parker, J. Braithwaite, C. Scott, N. Lacey (eds), Regulating Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004) 13-32
  • 'Discretionary Powers in Contracts' in D. Campbell, H. Collins, J. Wightman (eds), Implicit Dimensions of Contracts: Discrete, Relational, and Network Contracts (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2003) 219-254
  • 'Discovering the Implicit Dimensions of Contracts' (with D. Campbell), in D. Campbell, H. Collins, J. Wightman (eds), Implicit Dimensions of Contracts: Discrete, Relational, and Network Contracts (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2003) 25-50
  • 'Introduction: The Research Agenda of Implicit Dimensions of Contracts' in D. Campbell, H. Collins, J. Wightman (eds), Implicit Dimension of Contract: Discrete, Relational, and Network Contracts (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2003) 1-24
  • 'Discrimination, Equality, and Social Inclusion' (2003) 66 Modern Law Review 16-43; also translated into Chinese and included in the volume  Yan Tian (ed), Employment Discrimination Law for Modern China: A Transnational Reading Book (Peking University Press, 2009) 272-294
  • 'Law as Politics' in Penner, Schiff, Nobles, Jurisprudence: text and materials (London: Butterworths, 2002) 279-333
  • 'Transaction Costs and Subsidiarity in European Contract Law' in S. Grundmann and J. Stuck (eds), An Academic Green Paper on European Contract Law (The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2002) 269-281
  • 'Justifying European Employment Law' in S. Grundmann, W. Kerber, and S. Weatherill (eds), Party Autonomy and the Role of Information in the Internal Market  (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2001) 205-224
  • 'Regulating Employment for Competitiveness' (2001) 30 Industrial Law Journal 17-47
  • 'Is There a Third Way in Labour Law?' in J. Conaghan, R.M. Fischel, and K. Klare (eds), Labour Law in an Era of Globalisation (Oxford: OUP, 2002) 449-469.; reprinted in A. Giddens, (ed) The Global Third Way Debate (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2001) 300
  • 'Formalism and Efficiency: Designing European Commercial Contract Law' (2000) 8 European Review of Private Law 211-235
  • 'Closure and Openness - Reasoning in the Law of Contract and the Social Construction of Markets' in Tanase (ed) Principles of Contract and Practice of Contracts (1999) (In Japanese)
  • 'Transnational Private Law Regulation of Markets' (1998) 4 Europa E Diritto Privato 967-991; also published in R. Alessi (ed), Diritto Europeo e autonomia contrattuale (Palermo: Flaccovio, 1999 47-64
  • 'Flexibility and Empowerment' in T. Wilthagen (ed), Advancing Theory in Labour Law and Industrial Relations in a Global Context (Amsterdam: North-Holland, 1998) 117-129
  • 'Legal Problems in Private Law in Quality Assurance Contracts: United Kingdom Report' (with C. Scott), in G. Bruggermeier (ed), Rechtprobleme von Qualitatsmanagementvereinbarungen und EG-Binnenmarkt (Baden Baden: Nomos, 1998) 255-355
  • 'The Productive Disintegration of Labour Law' (1997) 26 Industrial Law Journal 295-309
  • 'The Voice of the Community in Private Law Discourse' (1997) 3 European Law Journal 407-421
  • 'Quality Assurance in Subcontracting' in S. Deakin and J. Michie (eds), Contracts, Co-operation and Competition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997) 285-306
  • 'Productive Learning from the Collision between the Doctrinal Subsystems of Contract and Tort' (1997) Acta Juridica 55-74
  • 'Legal Classifications as the Production of Knowledge Systems' in Peter Birks (ed), The Classification of Obligations, (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997) 57-70
  • 'The Sanctimony of Contracts' in R, Rawlings (ed.), Law, Society, Economics (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997) 63-89
  • 'Fairness in Agreed Remedies' in C. Willett (ed), Aspects of Fairness in Contract (Blackstone Press, London, 1996) 97-121
  • 'Job Security and Unfair Dismissal' in K. Ewing (ed), Working Life: A New Perspective on Labour Law (Institute of Employment Rights, 1996)
  • 'Competing Norms of Contractual Behaviour' in D. Campbell and P. Vincent-Jones (eds), Contract and Economic Organisation (Dartmouth, 1996) 67-94
  • 'Legal Regulation of Dependent Entrepreneurs' (1996) 152 Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics 263-270
  • 'European Private Law and the Cultural Identity of States' (1995) 3(2) European Review of Private Law 181-193
  • 'The Place of Computers in Legal Education' in P. Birks (ed), Reviewing Legal Education, Oxford University Press, 1994, 60-67; reprinted in (1994) 3 Law Technology Journal 6-11
  • 'Disclosure of Information and Welfarism' in R. Brownsword, G. Howells, and T. Wilhelmsson (eds), Welfarism in Contract Law, Dartmouth, Aldershot, 1994, 97-126
  • 'Good Faith in European Contract Law' (1994) 14 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 229-254
  • 'A Reconception of Labour Law' P. Birks (ed), Examining the Law Syllabus: Beyond the Core (Oxford, Oxford University Press,1993) 75-78
  • 'Why are there Contracts of Employment?' (1993) 149(4) Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics 762-8
  • 'The Transformation Thesis and the Ascription of Contractual Responsibility'  in Thomas Wilhelmsson (ed), Perspectives of Critical Contract Law (Aldershot: Dartmouth, 1993) 293-3
  • 'Organizational Regulation and the Limits of Contract' in J.McCahery, S.Picciotto, C. Scott (eds), Corporate Control and Accountability (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993) 91-100
  • 'Distributive Justice Through Contracts' (1992) 45(2) Current Legal Problems 49-67
  • 'Social Market and the Law of Contract' (1992) 49 Archives for Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy 85-97
  • 'The Meaning of Job Security' (1991) 20 Industrial Law Journal 227-239
  • 'Aims of Teaching the Law of Contract' in Peter Birks (ed.) Examining the Law Syllabus: The Core (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1992) 35-41
  • 'Methods and Aims of Comparative Contract Law' (1991) 11 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 396-406
  • 'Ascription of Legal Responsibility to Groups in Complex Economic Organisations' (1990) 53 Modern Law Review 731-744
  • 'Independent Contractors and the Challenge of Vertical Disintegration to Employment Protection Laws' (1990) 10 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 353-380
  • 'Liberty and Equality in the Workplace' (1990) Archives for Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy 148-155
  • 'Transfer of Undertakings and Insolvency' (1989) 18 Industrial Law Journal 144
  • 'Labour Law as a Vocation' (1989) 105 Law Quarterly Review 468-484
  • 'The Concept of Fairness in the Law of Unfair Dismissal' (1987) 34 Archives for Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy 96
  • 'The Decline of Privacy in Private Law' (1987) 14 Journal of Law and Society 91-103
  • 'Roberto Unger and the Critical Legal Studies Movement' (1986) 13 Journal of Law and Society 387-410
  • 'Against Abstentionism in Labour Law' in J.S. Bell and J.M. Eekelaar (eds), Oxford Essays in Jurisprudence 3rd Series (Oxford University Press, Oxford,1987); also published as Contre l’abstentionism en droit du travail (1986) 6 Droit et Societe 201-222
  • 'Dismissals on Transfer of a Business' (1986) 15 Industrial Law Journal 244-255
  • 'Democracy and Adjudication' in P.B.H. Birks and N. MacCormick (eds), The  Legal Mind (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986) 67-82
  • 'Contract and Legal Theory' in William Twining (ed.) Legal Theory and Common Law (Oxford: Blackwell, 1986) 136-154
  • 'Market Power, Bureaucratic Power and the Contract of Employment' (1986) 15 Industrial Law Journal 1-14
  • 'Capitalist Discipline and Corporatist Law' Part 1 (1982) 11 Industrial Law Journal 78-93, Part II 170-177