Climate Change Laws of the World
Emissions - notes
Country rank as emitter is based on total emissions including LULUCF (Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry). Source: World Resources Institute, CAIT 2.0, 2013 data.
The greenhouse gas emissions data is taken from the most recent official national submission to the UNFCCC. This means that the figures are not directly comparable from country to country as the submissions are from different years. Additionally, although some countries have published updated figures, they are only taken into account if they have been officially submitted to the UNFCCC.
The 'latest reporting year' mentioned refers to the date of the emissions data, and not to the date of the communication.
Information - notes
National GHG inventory data is submitted to the UNFCCC in the form of GHG inventory submissions for Annex I countries, and as part of National Communications for non-Annex I countries.
Income Group Classification, December 2016, World Bank
Country importance as emitter
Based on total emissions including LULUCF. Source: World Resources Institute, CAIT 2.0, 2013 data.
Framework laws and policies
Framework legislation has been defined as a law, or regulation with equivalent status, which serves as a comprehensive, unifying basis for climate change policy, which addresses multiple aspects or areas of climate change mitigation or adaptation (or both) in a holistic, overarching manner.
Legislative: acts that were passed by a parliament or equivalent legislative authority;
Executive: instruments that were passed or decreed by the government, president or equivalent executive authority (e.g. presidential decrees, executive orders, government policies or plans).
The study notes laws and policies for: carbon pricing, energy demand, promotion of low carbon energy (including renewables), transportation, and LULUCF. The categories were assigned by the research team at the Grantham Research Institute based on a review of the text of the law or policy.
Year – comment on cut-off date
The cut-off date of the 2015 Climate Legislation study is 1st January 2015. Significant legislative efforts after the cut-off date are referenced in the covering text of country chapters.
The Vulnerability Score (part of the ND-GAIN Index Score) measures a country's exposure, sensitivity and ability to adapt to the negative impact of climate change. It considers vulnerability in six life-supporting sectors – food, water, health, ecosystem service, human habitat and infrastructure. The higher the rank, the less vulnerable the country is.
You can download your search results as a .zip archive. This contains the results as CSV, and a information about them as JSON, formatted according to http://dataprotocols.org/tabular-data-package/
The following fields are included: Country, Name, Year Passed, Executive/Legislative, Framework and Categories.
Multi-hazard average annual loss
Multi-hazard average annual loss (AAL) from natural disasters from floods, cyclones, storm surge and tsunami, represented as a per cent of GDP. Based on data from UNISDR Global Assessment Report (2015) and Penn World Tables.