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ST457 Half Unit

Graph Data Analytics and Representation Learning

**This information is for the 2024/25 session.**

**Teacher responsible**

Prof. Zoltan Szabo (COL.5.14)

Homepage: https://zoltansz.github.io/

**Availability**

This course is available on the MSc in Data Science, MSc in Geographic Data Science, MSc in Health Data Science, MSc in Operations Research & Analytics, MSc in Quantitative Methods for Risk Management, MSc in Statistics, MSc in Statistics (Financial Statistics), MSc in Statistics (Financial Statistics) (Research), MSc in Statistics (Research), MSc in Statistics (Social Statistics) and MSc in Statistics (Social Statistics) (Research). This course is available with permission as an outside option to students on other programmes where regulations permit.

**Pre-requisites**

No particular course is required as pre-requisite. The course requires basic knowledge of linear algebra, calculus, probability, (un)supervised learning, and programming experience in Python (used throughout the classes). Familiarity with notions such as vector, matrix, matrix-vector multiplication, inner product and distance of vectors, transpose and inverse of a matrix, eigenvalue, eigenvector, derivative of a function, probability mass/density function, some formulation of regression, classification and clustering is beneficial.

**Course content**

Graphs are among the most widely-used data structures in machine learning. Their power comes from the flexibility of capturing relations (edges) of collections of entities (nodes) which arise in a variety of contexts including economic, communication, transportation, citation, social, neuron, computer, or particle networks, knowledge, scene or code graphs, molecules or 3D shapes. Graphs naturally generalize unstructured vectorial data and structured data such as time series, images or bags of entities. The goal of this course is to provide an overview of the fundamental computational methods leveraging this additional relational structure and leading to improved prediction. We will cover examples and techniques for node classification (which can be applied for example to determine whether a user is a bot, to classify the topic of papers, or to determine the function of proteins), link prediction (for instance to recommend content on online platforms, to complete knowledge graphs, or to predict drug side-effects), clustering and community detection (for example to determine collaborating communities in citation networks, or to reveal fraudulent groups of users in financial transaction networks), graph classification / regression / clustering (for instance to predict the toxicity or the solubility of molecules, or to detect malicious computer programs) and graph generation (e.g. for drug discovery or material design).

We will cover the following topics:

- types and representation of graphs, examples of prototype tasks tackled,
- basic graph statistics for node classification, neighborhood overlap statistics for link prediction, PageRank,
- spectral methods, hidden community detection,
- traditional dimensionality reduction techniques,
- learning node embeddings, encoder-decoder framework, factorization-based methods, random walk embeddings,
- extension of node embeddings to multi-relational data, knowledge graphs,
- node embedding with graph neural networks (GNNs), message passing framework, extension to graph-level embedding,
- practical hints for GNNs, relation to approximate graph isomorphism tests,
- R-convolution framework, graph kernels,
- generative graph models: Erdos-Renyi model, stochastic block model, Watts-Strogatz model, preferential attachment model.

**Teaching**

20 hours of lectures and 15 hours of classes in the WT.

This course will be delivered through a combination of lectures and classes totalling a minimum of 35 hours across Winter Term. This course includes a reading week in Week 6 of Winter Term.

**Formative coursework**

Students will be expected to produce 10 problem sets in the WT.

**Indicative reading**

- William L. Hamilton. Graph Representation Learning. Morgan and Claypool, 2020. [https://www.cs.mcgill.ca/~wlh/grl_book/]
- Karsten Borgwardt, Elisabetta Ghisu, Felipe Llinares-Lopez, Leslie O’Bray, and Bastian Rieck. Graph kernels: State-of-the-art and future challenges. Foundations and Trends in Machine Learning, 13(5-6):531-712, 2020. [https://www.nowpublishers.com/article/Details/MAL-076, https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9307216, https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.03854]
- Mark Newman. Networks. Oxford University Press, 2018. [https://global.oup.com/academic/product/networks-9780198805090?cc=gb&lang=en&]
- Albert-László Barabási. Network Science. Cambridge University Press, 2016. [http://networksciencebook.com/]

**Assessment**

Project (80%) in the WT.

Continuous assessment (20%) in the WT Week 8.

The problem set submitted by students will be assessed (20% of the total score). In addition, there will be a graded take-home research project (80%) which will be completed by the students in groups, in which they will demonstrate the ability to apply and train an appropriate model to a specific problem and dataset using principles they have learnt in the course.

** Key facts **

Department: Statistics

Total students 2023/24: 16

Average class size 2023/24: 17

Controlled access 2023/24: Yes

Value: Half Unit

**Course selection videos**

Some departments have produced short videos to introduce their courses. Please refer to the course selection videos index page for further information.

**Personal development skills**

- Self-management
- Team working
- Problem solving
- Application of information skills
- Communication
- Application of numeracy skills
- Commercial awareness
- Specialist skills