MA203      Half Unit
Real Analysis

This information is for the 2021/22 session.

Teacher responsible

Prof Martin Anthony


This course is compulsory on the BSc in Financial Mathematics and Statistics, BSc in Mathematics and Economics and BSc in Mathematics with Economics. This course is available on the BSc in Actuarial Science, BSc in Business Mathematics and Statistics and BSc in Mathematics, Statistics and Business. This course is available as an outside option to students on other programmes where regulations permit. This course is available with permission to General Course students.


Introduction to Abstract Mathematics (MA103) or Mathematical Proof and Analysis (MA102) are essential.

Course content

This is a course in real analysis for those who have already met the basic concepts of sequences and continuity on the real line. Here we generalize these concepts to Euclidean spaces and to more general metric and normed spaces.  These more general spaces are introduced at the start and are emphasized throughout the course.

Topics covered are:

  • Metric and normed spaces, open and closed sets.
  • Sequences in metric spaces, compactness, completeness.
  • Pointwise and uniform convergence of sequences of functions.
  • Continuity of real valued functions and of functions between metric spaces, uniform continuity and Lipschitz condition.
  • Differentiation of real valued functions, the mean value theorem, differentiation of functions between Euclidean spaces, and partial derivatives.
  • Series, including power series and series in normed spaces. 
  • Riemann integral and the fundamental theorem of calculus.



This course is delivered through a combination of classes and lectures totalling a minimum of 30 hours across Michaelmas Term. This year, apart from pre-recorded lecture videos, there will be a weekly live online session of an hour. Depending on circumstances, classes might be online.


Formative coursework

Written answers to set problems will be expected on a weekly basis.

Indicative reading

A comprehensive pack of lecture notes will be provided.The following book may prove useful for some aspects of the course:

  • Robert G Bartle & Donald R Sherbert, Introduction to Real Analysis 


Exam (100%, duration: 2 hours) in the summer exam period.

Course selection videos

Some departments have produced short videos to introduce their courses. Please refer to the course selection videos index page for further information.

Important information in response to COVID-19

Please note that during 2021/22 academic year some variation to teaching and learning activities may be required to respond to changes in public health advice and/or to account for the differing needs of students in attendance on campus and those who might be studying online. For example, this may involve changes to the mode of teaching delivery and/or the format or weighting of assessments. Changes will only be made if required and students will be notified about any changes to teaching or assessment plans at the earliest opportunity.

Key facts

Department: Mathematics

Total students 2020/21: 143

Average class size 2020/21: 11

Capped 2020/21: No

Value: Half Unit

Guidelines for interpreting course guide information

Personal development skills

  • Self-management
  • Team working
  • Problem solving
  • Application of information skills
  • Communication
  • Application of numeracy skills
  • Specialist skills