LL4F3      Half Unit
Mergers, Acquisitions and Restructurings in Europe

This information is for the 2021/22 session.

Teacher responsible

Mr Edmund-Philipp Schuster


This course is available on the LLM (extended part-time), LLM (full-time) and University of Pennsylvania Law School LLM Visiting Students. This course is available with permission as an outside option to students on other programmes where regulations permit.

This course has a limited number of places and we cannot guarantee all students will get a place.

Course content

In this course, we will explore the corporate law aspects of company mergers, acquisitions and restructurings in Europe. The course will examine the available legal techniques for the combination and restructuring of business operations in Europe, with a particular focus on cross-border transactions. Areas covered will include corporate mobility in Europe, an introduction to transaction structures, domestic and cross-border mergers, de-mergers, spin-offs, and public takeovers. Particular attention will be paid to the interaction between the relevant legal concepts and the economic and financial environment firms operate in.

Content overview

• The market for corporate control, corporate ownership structures and transaction structures for public and private acquisitions, and corporate restructurings in Europe

• European takeover regulation

• Domestic mergers

• Divisions & spin-offs

• Cross-border mergers in Europe

• Employee participation and its relevance for corporate transactions


This course will have two hours of teaching content each week in Lent Term, either in the form of a two hour seminar or an online lecture and one hour class. There will be a Reading Week in Week 6 of Lent Term.

Formative coursework

One 1500 word essay, due in Week 7 of LT.

Indicative reading

A full reading list will be made available via Moodle at the beginning of the course. Sample readings: R. Romano, A Guide to Takeovers: Theory, Evidence and Regulation (1992) 9 Yale Journal of Regulation 119; RD Kershaw, Principles of Takeover Regulation (OUP 2016); RD Kershaw, Company Law in Context (2012), Web Chapter A [available here: http://global.oup.com/uk/orc/law/company/kershaw2e/resources/chapters/Web_Chapter_A.pdf]; S Grundmann, European Company Law (Intersentia, 2nd ed. 2011); PL Davies et al, The Takeover Directive as a Protectionist Tool? [available here: http://ssrn.com/paper=1554616]; C Clerk et al, A Legal and Economic Assessment of European Takeover Regulation ; E-P Schuster, The Mandatory Bid Rule: Efficient, After All? (2013) 76 Modern Law Review 529; KJ Hopt and E Wymeersch (eds), European Takeovers: Law and Practice.


Exam (100%, duration: 2 hours, reading time: 15 minutes) in the summer exam period.

Course selection videos

Some departments have produced short videos to introduce their courses. Please refer to the course selection videos index page for further information.

Important information in response to COVID-19

Please note that during 2021/22 academic year some variation to teaching and learning activities may be required to respond to changes in public health advice and/or to account for the differing needs of students in attendance on campus and those who might be studying online. For example, this may involve changes to the mode of teaching delivery and/or the format or weighting of assessments. Changes will only be made if required and students will be notified about any changes to teaching or assessment plans at the earliest opportunity.

Key facts

Department: Law

Total students 2020/21: 74

Average class size 2020/21: 15

Controlled access 2020/21: Yes

Value: Half Unit

Guidelines for interpreting course guide information

Personal development skills

  • Communication
  • Specialist skills