Not available in 2021/22
GY449      Half Unit
Urban Futures

This information is for the 2021/22 session.

Teacher responsible

Dr Austin Zeiderman


This course is available on the MSc in Human Geography and Urban Studies (Research), MSc in Regional And Urban Planning Studies, MSc in Urban Policy (LSE and Sciences Po) and MSc in Urbanisation and Development. This course is available with permission as an outside option to students on other programmes where regulations permit.

This course is strictly capped at 34. Students are required to apply through Graduate Course Choice on LSE for You by providing a short written statement of why they are interested in taking the course (this includes students on Geography and Environment MSc programmes). If the course is over-subscribed, places will be allocated at the Department’s discretion and a waiting list may be created. Priority will be given to students on the MSc programmes listed above. For further details, please contact your relevant Programme Coordinator.

Course content

By now we are accustomed to hearing that, for the first time in history, the majority of the world’s population lives in cities. We may also be aware that more than one billion people now live in the urban slums and shantytowns of the global South, and that this is where the majority of world population growth will take place. But what sort of futures are being imagined for the cities of the twenty-first century? In response to this question, GY449 Urban Futures will critically analyze how the future of cities, and the cities of the future, have been thought about and acted upon in different times and places. Students will learn to adopt a geographical and historical approach to urban futures by exploring how ways of envisioning the future of cities differ across time and space. Treating the future as a social, cultural, and political reality with a profound influence on the present, the course will examine how urban areas are planned, built, governed, and inhabited in anticipation of the city yet to come. Each week will be organised around a particular model for the future of the city: the ideal city, the dystopian city, the modernist city, the colonial city, the capitalist city, the socialist city, the organic city, the global city, and the secure city. These models will be examined through concrete examples and will enable the discussion of broader theoretical perspectives in urban studies, with a specific focus on the critical analysis of urban futures. Though grounded in urban geography, this course will draw upon texts and other materials from anthropology, sociology, history, cultural studies, literature, film, philosophy, social theory, architecture, art, and city planning. Its primary objective is to equip students with sophisticated, critical ways of thinking about the future of cities, since doing so has real significance for the kind of city we want to, and eventually will, ourselves inhabit.


In the Department of Geography and Environment, teaching will be delivered through a combination of classes/seminars, pre-recorded lectures, live online lectures and other supplementary interactive live activities.


This course is delivered through a combination of seminars and lectures across Michaelmas Term.


This course includes a reading week in Week 6 of MichaelmasTerm. 

Formative coursework

Students will be expected to produce 1 presentation in the MT.

The formative presentation will be an opportunity for students to begin preparing for the assessed essay and to receive feedback from peers and from the lecturer. Presentations will be delivered in a workshop setting during seminar.

Indicative reading

A detailed reading list will be provided at the beginning of the course, but will include works such as: Arjun Appadurai, The Future as Cultural Fact: Essays on the Global Condition (2013); Raymond Williams, The Country and the City (1973); Reinhart KoselleckFutures Past: On the Semantics of Historical Time (2004); Justin McGuirkRadical Cities: Across Latin America in Search of a New Architecture (2014); Thomas More, Utopia (1516); Ruth Eaton, Ideal Cities: Utopianism and the (Un)Built Environment (2002); Matthew Gandy, The Fabric of Space: Water, Modernity, and the Urban Imagination (2014); David Harvey, Spaces of Hope (2000); Mike Davis, Planet of Slums (2006); James C. Scott, Seeing like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed (1998); James Ferguson, Expectations of Modernity: Myths and Meanings of Urban Life on the Zambian Copperbelt (1999); Svetlana Boym, The Future of Nostalgia (2001); Gwendolyn Wright, The Politics of Design in French Colonial Urbanism (1991); Timothy Mitchell, Colonising Egypt (1991); Jane M. Jacobs, Edge of Empire: Postcolonialism and the City (1996); Friedrich Engels, The Condition of the Working Class in England (1845); Walter Benjamin, “Paris: Capital of the Nineteenth Century” (1935); Georg Simmel, “The Metropolis and Mental Life” (1903); David Harvey, The Condition of Postmodernity: An Enquiry into the Origins of Cultural Change (1990); Ebenezer Howard, “The Town-Country Magnet” (1898/1902); Jane Jacobs, The Death and Life of Great American Cities (1961); David Pinder, Visions of the City: Utopianism, Power, and Politics in Twentieth-century Urbanism (2005); Michel FoucaultSecurity, Territory, Population: Lectures at the Collège de France (2007); Teresa P. R. Caldeira, City of Walls: Crime, Segregation, and Citizenship in Sao Paulo (2000); Stephen Graham, Cities Under Siege: The New Military Urbanism (2011).


Essay (100%, 5000 words) in the LT.

The assessed essay will be a critical and creative exercise in the analysis of urban futures. Students will be given a choice: 1) Identify and research one vision of the urban future that exists in the present; or 2) Take a particular city and research the ways its future has been envisioned in the past, and how it is currently being envisioned in the present. Essays must contain no more than 5,000 words of text although they may also include images, as well as any other media that pertains to the argument.

Course selection videos

Some departments have produced short videos to introduce their courses. Please refer to the course selection videos index page for further information.

Important information in response to COVID-19

Please note that during 2021/22 academic year some variation to teaching and learning activities may be required to respond to changes in public health advice and/or to account for the differing needs of students in attendance on campus and those who might be studying online. For example, this may involve changes to the mode of teaching delivery and/or the format or weighting of assessments. Changes will only be made if required and students will be notified about any changes to teaching or assessment plans at the earliest opportunity.

Key facts

Department: Geography & Environment

Total students 2020/21: 31

Average class size 2020/21: 16

Controlled access 2020/21: Yes

Value: Half Unit

Guidelines for interpreting course guide information

Personal development skills

  • Self-management
  • Team working
  • Problem solving
  • Application of information skills
  • Communication