EC452E      Half Unit
Applying Behavioural Economics for Social Impact: Design, Delivery and Policy

This information is for the 2021/22 session.

Teacher responsible

Prof Nava Ashraf 32L.3.18

Director of Research, Marshall Institute


This course is compulsory on the Executive MSc in Social Business and Entrepreneurship. This course is not available as an outside option.

Course content

     This course delivers insights from cutting edge research in psychology and economics, and asks students to use these insights to design solutions to significant social challenges. Students learn how to diagnose, design, deliver, and rigorously test products and services using the principles of behavioural economics and the methods of field experimentation.

     The course begins by describing the principle of coproduction: outcomes in health, education and similar fields are not simply given to end-users, but are produced by end-users themselves, interacting with supply-side factors.  Drawing on the insights from behavioural economics and using qualitative methods, students learn how to diagnose end-user needs, preferences and behaviour.  The course then explores how the psychological aspects of behaviour can be combined with the tools and structure of economics to induce behaviour change and improve outcomes, including the challenge of setting prices and designing incentives. Throughout the course there is emphasis upon the critical importance of effective measurement in the context of the social sector, where traditional market feedback mechanisms are typically absent and where mission-driven leaders’ evaluation of organisational impact can itself be subject to cognitive bias and distortion. Appropriate measurement in turn informs improvements in diagnosis and design.  This emphasis on appropriate measurement reinforces students’ learning in earlier modules of the programme, where they will be introduced to the principles and concepts of rigorous social impact evaluation.  The course concludes by exploring policy impact and how research can be translated into policy action.  Real world case studies are used at every stage of the course.

     This course is relevant to all those who wish to improve the effectiveness of social interventions and programmes across a range of diverse fields, whether such interventions are administered through the state or, increasingly, through private philanthropy and social entrepreneurship.


Ten sessions of three hours each, delivered across two modules (teaching blocks).

Formative coursework

Formative assessment will be through short case questions written by students on the basis of lecture/seminars.  .

Indicative reading

There is no single textbook for the course. For an introduction to the field of behavioural economics, students should consult Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness by Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein (2009, Penguin) and Thinking, Fast and Slow, by Daniel Kahneman (2012, Penguin).

Other indicative readings are:

  • Ashraf, N., Bandiera, O. and Jack, B.K.  2014. “No margin, no mission? A field experiment on incentives for public service delivery.” Journal of Public Economics 120 (December): 1-17
  • Ashraf, N., Camerer, C. F. and Loewenstein, G. 2005. “Adam Smith, Behavioral Economist.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 19(3): 131–145.
  • Glennerster, R. and Takavarasha, K. 2013. Running randomized evaluations: a practical guide. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Hirschman, A 1997. The passions and the interests: political arguments for capitalism before its triumph (20th anniversary edition). Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Kamenica, E. 2012. “Behavioral Economics and Psychology of Incentives.” Annual Review of Economics 4(1): 427–452.

Further readings relevant to specific case studies will be provided during the course.


Take-home assessment (85%) and class participation (15%).

Assessment will be through a take home exam (85%) and class participation (15%).

Course selection videos

Some departments have produced short videos to introduce their courses. Please refer to the course selection videos index page for further information.

Important information in response to COVID-19

Please note that during 2021/22 academic year some variation to teaching and learning activities may be required to respond to changes in public health advice and/or to account for the differing needs of students in attendance on campus and those who might be studying online. For example, this may involve changes to the mode of teaching delivery and/or the format or weighting of assessments. Changes will only be made if required and students will be notified about any changes to teaching or assessment plans at the earliest opportunity.

Key facts

Department: Economics

Total students 2020/21: Unavailable

Average class size 2020/21: Unavailable

Controlled access 2020/21: No

Value: Half Unit

Guidelines for interpreting course guide information

Personal development skills

  • Self-management
  • Problem solving
  • Application of information skills
  • Communication
  • Application of numeracy skills
  • Commercial awareness
  • Specialist skills