LL4AT      Half Unit
Regulation: Strategies and Enforcement

This information is for the 2020/21 session.

Teacher responsible

Prof Veerle Heyvaert NAB7.06

Also taught by: Prof. Nicola Lacey NAB 6.12


This course is available on the LLM (extended part-time), LLM (full-time), MPA in International Development, MPA in Public Policy and Management, MPA in Public and Economic Policy, MPA in Public and Social Policy, MPA in Social Impact, MSc in Public Administration and Government (LSE and Peking University), MSc in Public Policy and Administration and University of Pennsylvania Law School LLM Visiting Students. This course is available with permission as an outside option to students on other programmes where regulations permit.

This course is NOT available for students of the MSc Regulation programme.

This course will be relevant to the following LLM specialisms: Banking Law and Financial Regulation; Corporate and/or Commercial Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Information Technology, Media and Communications Law; Intellectual Property Law; Legal Theory; and Public Law.

This course is capped at 30 students. Students must apply through Graduate Course Choice on LSEForYou.

Course content

The course provides an introduction to key topics relating to regulatory strategies and their implementation. It deals with issues from a systemic and comparative perspective and draws on approaches encountered in public administration, socio-legal studies and institutional economics. Topics include:

• Introduction: What is Regulation and why regulate?

• Regulation Strategies: Command-and-control; regulating through rules, standards and principles; alternative approaches including emissions trading; and self-regulation

• Risk regulation as a regulatory paradigm

• Enforcement: tools, strategies and principles

• Regulatory Policy: Cost/benefit Assessment, Regulatory Impact Assessment and Better Regulation;

• Regulatory competition; and 

• Transnational Regulation


This course is delivered through a combination of classes and lectures totalling a minimum of 20 hours in Michaelmas Term. Students will usually have two additional hours in the Summer Term. This year teaching will be delivered through recorded online lectures and a mix of both in-person and online classes to accommodate students who are unable to physically be on campus. This course includes a reading week in Week 6 of Michaelmas Term.

Formative coursework

One 1,000 - 1,500 (upper limit) word essay. Students will also have the opportunity to sit a mock exam.

Indicative reading

R Baldwin, M Cave and M. Lodge Understanding Regulation 2nd ed.(OUP, 2012); R. Baldwin, M. Cave and M. Lodge (ed.) Oxford Handbook on Regulation (OUP, 2010) Ian Ayres and John Braithwaite, Responsive Regulation: Transcending the Deregulation Debate by (OUP, 1992); V. Heyvaert, Transnational Environmental Regulation and Governance (CUP, 2019) B. Morgan and K. Yeung, An Introduction to Law and Regulation (CUP, 2007).


Exam (100%, duration: 2 hours, reading time: 15 minutes) in the summer exam period.

Important information in response to COVID-19

Please note that during 2020/21 academic year some variation to teaching and learning activities may be required to respond to changes in public health advice and/or to account for the situation of students in attendance on campus and those studying online during the early part of the academic year. For assessment, this may involve changes to mode of delivery and/or the format or weighting of assessments. Changes will only be made if required and students will be notified about any changes to teaching or assessment plans at the earliest opportunity.

Key facts

Department: Law

Total students 2019/20: 29

Average class size 2019/20: 29

Controlled access 2019/20: Yes

Value: Half Unit

Guidelines for interpreting course guide information

Personal development skills

  • Communication
  • Specialist skills