LL4AT      Half Unit
Regulation: Strategies and Enforcement

This information is for the 2017/18 session.

Teacher responsible

Prof Gordon Baldwin NAB7.08


This course is available on the MPA in European Policy-Making, MPA in International Development, MPA in Public Policy and Management, MPA in Public and Economic Policy, MPA in Public and Social Policy, MPA in Social Impact, MSc in Law and Accounting, MSc in Public Administration and Government (LSE and Peking University), MSc in Public Policy and Administration, Master of Laws, Master of Laws (extended part-time study) and Master of Public Administration. This course is available with permission as an outside option to students on other programmes where regulations permit.

This course is NOT available for students of the MSc Regulation programme.

This course will be relevant to the following LLM specialisms: Banking Law and Financial Regulation; Corporate and/or Commercial Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Information Technology, Media and Communications Law; Intellectual Property Law; Legal Theory; and Public Law.

This course is capped at 30 students. Students must apply through Graduate Course Choice on LSEForYou.

Course content

The course provides an introduction to key topics relating to regulatory strategies and their implementation. It deals with issues from a comparative and generic perspective and draws on approaches encountered in public administration, socio-legal studies and institutional economics. Topics include: • Introductory: What is Regulation? • Why Regulate? • Regulatory Strategies (a) Commands • Regulatory Strategies (b) Incentives • Enforcement Tools and Strategies • Responsive Approaches to Enforcement • Emissions Trading • Franchising • Risk-Based Regulation • Risk Selection and Low Risk Regulation


20 hours of seminars in the MT.

Teaching will be based on a variable format: some lecture-discussions, some student-paper-led discussions, some debates and guest speakers where appropriate.There will be a Reading Week in week 6 of the MT and one revision session in MT.

Formative coursework

One 2,000 word essay.

Indicative reading

R Baldwin, M Cave and M. Lodge Understanding Regulation 2nd ed.(OUP, 2012); R. Baldwin, M. Cave and M. Lodge (ed.) Oxford Handbook on Regulation (OUP, 2010) R Baldwin, C Hood & C Scott, Socio-Legal Reader on Regulation (OUP, 1998); Responsive Regulation: Transcending the Deregulation Debate by Ian Ayres and John Braithwaite (OUP, 1992). B. Morgan and K. Yeung (2007) An Introduction to Law and Regulation (Cambridge University Press, 2007); J. Jordana and D. Levi-Faur (2004/eds) The Politics of Regulation (Edward Elgar, 2004) A Ogus, Regulation (OUP, 1994); R Baldwin, Rules and Government (OUP, 1995); I Ayres & J Braithwaite, Responsive Regulation (OUP, 1992).


Exam (100%, duration: 2 hours, reading time: 15 minutes) in the main exam period.

Teachers' comment

The course for 2017-18 will closely resemble the framework of previous years but will take in recent developments in the literature.

Key facts

Department: Law

Total students 2016/17: 30

Average class size 2016/17: 28

Controlled access 2016/17: Yes

Value: Half Unit

Guidelines for interpreting course guide information

Personal development skills

  • Communication
  • Specialist skills

Course survey results

(2014/15 - 2015/16 combined)

1 = "best" score, 5 = "worst" score

The scores below are average responses.

Response rate: 65%



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