The Ottoman Empire and its Legacy, 1299-1950
This information is for the 2017/18 session.
Prof Marc Baer SAR 3.17
This course is available on the MSc in Empires, Colonialism and Globalisation, MSc in History of International Relations, MSc in International Affairs (LSE and Peking University), MSc in International and World History (LSE & Columbia) and MSc in Theory and History of International Relations. This course is available with permission as an outside option to students on other programmes where regulations permit.
The Ottoman Empire (1299-1923) was one of the longest lasting and most territorially extensive of all empires in history. Yet today few know about its nature, whether in Turkey or abroad. Who were the Ottomans? How did they run their empire? How did they manage diversity? How did their understanding and practice of Islam change over time? What was the secret of their success, and what ultimately caused the empire's fall? How do the Ottomans compare to other contemporary empires? What is the Ottoman legacy, especially in Turkey and Greece? What is the significance of the Ottoman Empire for world history?
In order to answer these questions we will study the following topics: three pillars of Ottoman inheritance: Byzantium, Islam, Mongols; the origins and rise of the Ottoman Empire; the conquest of Constantinople and its significance for world history; Ottoman state institutions in the “classic age;” gendering Ottoman History; the Ottomans and the Renaissance; the Ottomans and the Age of Exploration; the Ottoman-Safavid-Habsburg struggle for supremacy; Ottoman Jews: model minority?; sixteenth- and seventeenth-century transformations; pietism, conversion, and interreligious relations; reform and repression, 1839-1908; Orientalism and the Ottomans; the Young Turks and the revolution of 1908; World War I and the Armenian genocide; Atatürk: the “Father” of Modern Turkey and the new Turkish Republic; the Kurdish issue; the legacy of the Ottoman Empire in comparative perspective; and the Ottoman past in Turkish historical fiction.
20 hours of seminars in the MT. 20 hours of seminars in the LT. 2 hours of seminars in the ST.
There will be a reading week in the Michaelmas and the Lent terms and a revision session in the Summer Term.
Students will be expected to produce 1 essay in the MT.
Weekly written and oral reading reports in MT and LT. Completion of these is mandatory, in order to facilitate good seminar discussions.
Jane Burbank and Frederick Cooper, Empires in World History: Power and the Politics of Difference (Princeton 2010);
Marshall Hodgson, Rethinking World History: Essays on Europe, Islam, and World History (Cambridge 1993);
Caroline Finkel, Osman’s Dream: The History of the Ottoman Empire (London 2005);
Giancarlo Casale, The Ottoman Age of Exploration (Oxford 2011);
Marc David Baer, Honored by the Glory of Islam: Conversion and Conquest in Ottoman Europe (Oxford 2008);
Marc David Baer, The Dönme: Jewish Converts, Muslim Revolutionaries, and Secular Turks (Stanford 2010);
Mark Mazower, Salonica City of Ghosts: Christians, Muslims, and Jews 1430-1950 (Vintage 2006).
Exam (50%, duration: 2 hours) in the main exam period.
Essay (35%, 3000 words) in the LT.
Presentation (15%) in the MT and LT.
A 3000-word assessed essay due LT and worth 35%, a presentation worth 15% and a two-hour exam ST worth 50%.
Department: International History
Total students 2016/17: 16
Average class size 2016/17: 15
Controlled access 2016/17: Yes
Value: One Unit
Personal development skills
- Team working
- Problem solving
- Application of information skills
- Specialist skills