ERG

Education Research Group

 

The current objectives of the group are:

  • To conduct a programme of research on education policy, including reforms, school admissions and finance in England; early education and care; comparative education policy; and research on students, graduates and families. 

  • To consolidate and expand the work already undertaken on the financing of education and on education policies in a European and international context with particular reference to issues of equity and social justice.

  • To act as a focus for research students and staff within the LSE conducting research into educational issues from different disciplinary perspectives.

Research projects

Academies

Academies, the School System in England and a Vision for the Future (2018)

Authors: Professor Anne West and Dr David Wolfe QC (Matrix)

This report outlines the way in which a policy introduced by the Labour Government in the early 2000s and expanded by the Conservative-Liberal Democrat Coalition from 2010 to give individual schools freedom has in fact resulted in over 70% of those schools having less freedom than they had before. 

Download the Executive Summary (PDF)

Download the full report here (PDF)

Early years education and care

Professor Anne West was a member of the Conseil National d' Évaluation du Système Scolaire (Cnesco) between 2014 and 2019.

Cnesco, an independent body, was created for a six-year term by the French Law on the restructuring of the school system adopted on the 8th July 2013.

Its mission was to assess the organisation and outcomes of the French (school-based) education system. One if its roles was to produce evaluations and syntheses of evaluations, especially from an international perspective and as part of this Anne West wrote a report on nursery education and reducing social inequalities.

Report: Nursery education and reducing social inequalities: an international comparison

French version
English version

 

Public funding of early years education in England (2016)

Early years education has had a high policy and political profile in England in recent years. This project funded by the Nuffield Foundation examined government expenditure, policy and local implementation of funding policy and the new early years national funding formula.

West, A. and Noden, P. (2016) Public funding of early years education in England: An historical perspective, London: LSE:

Download full report (PDF)

Download research brief (PDF)

 

Noden, P. and West, A. (2016) The Early Years Single Funding Formula: National policy and local implementation, London: LSE:

Download full report (PDF)

Download research brief (PDF)

Admissions

Ballots and Banding: (2014)
Secondary school admissions in England: Admissions in 2012/13 and the impact of growth of Academies

This project was commissioned by the Sutton Trust and explored secondary school admissions in England.

Ethnicity and Higher Education (2012)

This project, funded by the Nuffield Foundation, examined whether applicants from particular ethnic groups were more likely to receive conditional offers of a university place than others. The project was directed by Dr Mike Shiner and carried out in conjunction with Dr Philip Noden.

Secondary school admissions in England:
Admission Forums, local authorities and schools (2009)

This project which was commissioned by the Research and Information on State Education Trust (RISE) with funding from the Esmée Fairbairn Foundation examined Admission Forums and their operation in a sample of local authorities.

Secondary school admissions in England: Policy and practice (2009)

This project which was commissioned by the Research and Information on State Education Trust (RISE) with funding from the Esmée Fairbairn Foundation focused on admissions criteria and practices in England in light of changes to the legislative and regulatory context.

Secondary school admissions in England (2009)

This project, which examined secondary school admissions in England was carried out in conjunction with the Research and Information on State Education Trust.

Secondary school admissions in London (2006)

This research was funded by the Greater London Authority. It examined secondary schools' admissions criteria and practices in London for 2005/06, with a particular focus on disadvantaged pupils. 

Higher Education Admissions and Student Mobility in the EU (2001)

The Higher Education Admissions and Student Mobility in the EU study was funded by the European Commission and involved the LSE and partners in France, Germany, Greece and Sweden.

Other educational research

West, A., Ang, S., Calori, V., Wang, N., Waters, F. and Wodzinska, J. (2022) School funding and resourcing policies: Meeting the needs of disadvantaged pupils in France, Poland, UK (England), China, New Zealand, Singapore, Social Policy Working Paper (forthcoming).

ACT project

The aims of the ACT project are to improve citizenship education in secondary schools in Europe using experimental methods and innovative evaluations based on the active involvement of pupils in concrete ‘citizenship’ projects. 

Private tutoring and its implications for inequality: lessons for England from South Korean attempts to regulate ‘shadow education’ (2016/17)

This project has explored government policies in South Korea which have aimed to regulate and discourage private tutoring (supplementary or ‘shadow’ education) markets, considering the possible relevance of these policies for England. In England, private tutoring has grown significantly in recent years and it  may undermine social policy efforts towards equalising opportunities in childhood through public social investment. This research has been carried out by Dr Sonia Exley with funding from the International Inequalities Institute.

Attainment gaps between the most deprived and
advantaged schools (2009)

The Sutton Trust funded this research project which examined the attainment gap between pupils attending the most and least advantaged schools (as measured by rates of eligibility for free school meals (FSM)). The attainment gaps for pupils eligible for FSM, not eligible for FSM were also examined and also for pupils with high levels of prior attainment. 

Evaluation of the Two Year Key Stage 3 Project (2007)

This research was funded by the Department for Education and Skills and carried out in conjunction with the National Foundation for Educational Research.

Parents' role in setting up new secondary schools (2007)

This research was commissioned by the Research and Information on State Education Trust (RISE), with funding from the Esmée Fairbairn Foundation. It explored the role of parents in the planning and setting up of new secondary schools.

Evaluations of Excellence in Cities (2006),
Aimhigher: Excellence Challenge (2006),
Pupil Learning Credits (2005)

These evaluations were funded by the Department for Education and Skills and carried out by a consortium comprising the National Foundation for Educational Research, the Education Research Group, the Centre for Economic Performance and (for some of the evaluations) the Institute for Fiscal Studies.

Excellence in Cities

Aimhigher: Excellence Challenge

Pupil Learning Credits

Other research

Renegotiating parenthood: parents and children

Renegotiating parenthood: parents and children (2012-2013)

This project, funded by the Leverhulme Trust, addressed a significant dimension of changing family relationships, namely the renegotiation of parenthood by parents of young adult children. The research project comprised two studies which explored the changing nature of parental support for their young adult children and the attitudes of parents and children towards it: one study focused on parents and co-resident graduates and the other on parents and student children living away from home.

 

Evaluation of the UK Resilience Project (2010)

This evaluation, funded by the DFE, examined the impact of a programme designed to improve children's psychological resilience through teaching cognitive, behavioural and problem solving skills to promote optimistic thinking and resilience. 

Related publications

2022

West, A. (2022) Education and ignorance in the UK 80 years after Beveridge: The role of government and equality of opportunity, Social Policy and Administration (Early View).

 

2021

Exley, S. (2021) Locked in: understanding the ‘irreversibility’ of powerful private supplementary tutoring markets, Oxford Review of Education, DOI: 10.1080/03054985.2021.1917352

West, A. and Wolfe, D. (2021) Reforming the school-based education system in England: A common framework, rule book and a new structure for schools, Forum, 63, 1, 20-28.  

 

2020

Exley, S. (2020) Selective schooling and its relationship to private tutoring: the case of South Korea, Comparative Education, 56:2, 218-235.

West, A. (2020) Legislation, ideas and pre-school education policy in the twentieth century: From targeted nursery education to universal early childhood education and care, British Journal of Educational Studies, 68, 5, 567-587.

West, A., Blome, A. and Lewis, J. (2020). What characteristics of funding, provision and regulation are associated with effective social investment in ECEC in England, France and Germany? Journal of Social Policy, 49, 4, 681-704.

West, A. and Lewis, J. (2020) Helicopter parenting, in M. David and M. Amey (eds) The SAGE Encyclopedia of Higher Education, Sage.

 

2019

West, A. and Noden, P. (2019) ‘Nationalising’ and Transforming the Public Funding of Early Years Education (and care) in England 1996–2017, British Journal of Educational Studies, 67, 2, 145-167.

West, A. and Wolfe, D. (2019) Academies, autonomy, equality, and democratic accountability: Reforming the fragmented publicly-funded school system in England, London Review of Education, 17, 1, 70–86.

West, A. (2019) La privatisation de l’éducation dans le système scolaire Anglais (Privatisation of education in the English school system), Revue internationale d’éducation de Sèvres, 82 (December).

West, A. (2019) La création des academies en Angleterre : effets attendus, évolution, effets observés et dérives (The creation of academies in England: expected effects, evolution, observed effects and concerns), Revue internationale d’éducation de Sèvres, Colloque 2019: Conditions de réussite des réformes en éducation. 

 

2018

Lewis, J. and West, A (2018) “Learning from others”:   English proposals for early years’ education and care reform and policy transfer from France and the Netherlands, 2010-2015, Social Policy and Administration, 52, 677–689. 

West, A. and Lewis, J. (2018) ‘Helicopter Parenting’ and ‘Boomerang Children’: How Parents Support and Relate to Their Student and Co-Resident Graduate Children, Abingdon: Routledge.

David, M., West, A. and Ribbens, J. (2018) Mother’s Intuition? Choosing secondary schools, Abingdon: Routledge Revival.

 

2017

West, A., Lewis, J., Roberts, J. and Noden, P. (2017) Young adult graduates living in the parental home: Expectations, negotiations and parental financial support, Journal of Family Issues, 38, 17, 2449-2473.

West, A. and Nikolai, R. (2017) The expansion of “private” schools in England, Sweden and Eastern Germany: A comparative perspective on policy development, regulation, policy goals and ideas, Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis, 19, 5, 452-469. [already listed]

Lewis, J. and West, A. (2017) Early childhood education and care in England under austerity: Continuity or change in political ideas, policy goals, availability, affordability and quality in a childcare market? Journal of Social Policy 46, 2, 331-348.

Lewis, J. and West, A. (2017) Intergenerational relations between English students, graduates living at home, and their parents, Social Policy and Administration, 51, 7, 1248–1266.

West, A. (2017) Private schools in Sweden: Policy development, inequalities and emerging issues, in T. Koinzer, R. Nikolai and F. Waldow (eds) Private Schools and School Choice in Compulsory Education, Wiesbaden: Springer VS.

West, Anne and Nikolai, Rita (2017) The expansion of “private” schools in England, Sweden and Eastern Germany: a comparative perspective on policy development, regulation, policy goals and ideas Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice. ISSN 1387-6988

 

2016

West, Anne and Hind, Audrey (2016) Secondary school admissions in London 2001 to 2015: compliance, complexity and control Clare Market Papers, 20. London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Social Policy, London, UK. ISBN 9781909890329

Lewis, Jane and West, Anne (2016) Early childhood education and care in England under austerity: continuity or change in political ideas, policy goals, availability, affordability and quality in a childcare market? Journal of Social Policy. ISSN 0047-2794

West, Anne and Lewis, Jane and Roberts, Jonathan and Noden, Philip (2016) Young adult graduates living in the parental home: expectations, negotiations and parental financial support Journal of Family Issues. ISSN 0192-513X

Lewis, Jane and West, Anne and Roberts, Jonathan and Noden, Philip (2016) The experience of co-residence: young adults returning to the parental home after graduation in England Families, Relationships and Societies: An International Journal of Research and Debate, 5 (2). 247-262. ISSN 2046-7435

Lewis, Jane and West, Anne (2016) Intergenerational relations between English students, graduates living at home, and their parents Social Policy & Administration. ISSN 0144-5596

West, Anne (2016) L’école maternelle à la source de la réduction des inégalités sociales : une comparaison internationale = Nursery education and reducing social inequalities: an international comparison Cnesco, Paris, France.

Roberts, Jonathan and Noden, Philip and West, Anne and Lewis, Jane (2016) Living with the parents: the purpose of young graduates’ return to the parental home in England Journal of Youth Studies, 19 (3). 319-337. ISSN 1367-6261

West, Anne and Hind, Audrey (2016) Secondary school admissions in London 2001 to 2015: compliance, complexity and control Clare Market Papers, 20. London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Social Policy, London, UK. ISBN 9781909890329

West, Anne and Roberts, Jonathan and Lewis, Jane and Noden, Philip (2015) Paying for higher education in England: funding policy and families British Journal of Educational Studies, 63 (1). 23-45. ISSN 0007-1005

 

Clare Market Papers

View here

West, Anne , Wolfe, David and Yaghi, Basma (2022) Secondary schools (academies and maintained schools) in England: issues of governance and autonomy. Clare Market Papers 24, London: LSE. ISBN 9781909890831
http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/115362/

West, A. and Wolfe, D. (2018) Academies, the school system in England and a vision for the future, Clare Market Papers 23, London: LSE. ISBN 9781909890428 http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/88240/

Noden, P. and West, A. (2016) The early years single funding formula: National policy and local implementation, Clare Market Papers 22, London: LSE. http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/67880

West, A. and Noden, P. (2016) Public funding of early years education in England: An historical perspective, Clare Market Papers 21, London: LSE. http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/67879

West, A. and Hind, A. (2016) Secondary school admissions in London 2001 to 2015: Compliance, complexity and control, Clare Market Papers 20, London: LSE. http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/66368/

Pennell, H., West, A. and Hind, A. (2006) Secondary school admissions in London, Clare Market Papers 19, Centre for Educational Research, London: LSE. http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/13844/1/West_Secondary%20school_2016.pdf

West, A. et al. (2001) Higher education admissions and student mobility within the EU: ADMIT, Clare Market Papers 18, Centre for Educational Research, London: LSE. ISBN 0753019302. http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/66218/1/West_Higher_Education_Admissions_Author.pdf

West, A., Noden, P. and Gosling, R. (2000) Quality in Higher Education: An international perspective.  The views of transnational corporations, Clare Market Papers 17, Centre for Educational Research, London: LSE.  ISBN 0753014289.
https://eprints.lse.ac.uk/114628

Sparkes, J. and West, A. (2000) Evaluation of the Learning for Life Programme, Clare Market Papers 16, Centre for Educational Research, London: LSE.

West, A., Pennell, H., West, R. and Travers, T. (1999) The financing of school-based education: Main findings, Clare Market Papers 15, Centre for Educational Research, London: LSE. ISBN 0753013029.

West, A., Edge, A. and Stokes, E. (1999) Secondary education across Europe: Curricula and school examination systems, Clare Market Papers 14, Centre for Educational Research, London: LSE. ISBN 0753013010. 
https://eprints.lse.ac.uk/13844

West, A., David, M., Noden, P., Edge, A. and Davies, J. (1996) Parental choice, involvement and expectations of achievement in school, Clare Market Papers 13, Centre for Educational Research, London: LSE. ISBN 0753001755.

Pennell, H. and West, A. (1995) Evaluation of the new early years admissions policy in Tower Hamlets, Clare Market Papers 12, Centre for Educational Research, London: LSE. ISBN 0753003791.

West, A., Hailes, J. and Sammons, P. (1995) Teaching and learning processes in inner city infant schools: Current policy and practice, Clare Market Papers 10, Centre for Educational Research, London: LSE. ISBN 0753000725.

Pennell, H. and West, A. (1995) Changing Schools: Secondary schools’ admissions policies in inner London in 1995, Clare Market Papers 9, Centre for Educational Research, London: LSE. ISBN 0753000628.

Varlaam, A., Pennell, H. and West, A. (1994) Access to higher education: A profile of students on Access courses in London, Clare Market Papers 8, Centre for Educational Research, London: LSE.

West, A., David, M., Hailes, J., Ribbens, J. and Hind, A. (1993) Choosing a secondary school: The parents’ and pupils’ stories, Clare Market Papers 7, Centre for Educational Research, London: LSE. ISBN 0853281580. 

Pennell, H., West, A. and Nuttall, D. (1992) After ILEA: Education services in inner London, Clare Market Papers 5, Centre for Educational Research, London: LSE. ISBN 085328153X.

West, A. and Nuttall, D. (1992) Choice at 11: Secondary schools’ admissions policies in inner London, Clare Market Papers 2, Centre for Educational Research, London: LSE. ISBN 0853281440.

West, A. (1992) Choosing schools: Why do parents opt for private schools or schools in other LEAs? Clare Market Papers 1, Centre for Educational Research, London: LSE. ISBN 0853281378.  

 

Who's Who

Department members

ExleySonia

Dr Sonia Exley

Assistant Professor

s.exley@lse.ac.uk 

WestAnne

Professor Anne West

Professor of Education Policy
Director of the Education Research Group

a.west@lse.ac.uk

 

Associates/Researchers/Visitors

Dr Phillip Noden  

Associate

p.noden@lse.ac.uk


 

Dr Jonathan Roberts

Researcher

j.j.g.roberts@lse.ac.uk


 

George Felouzis was a Visiting Professor in the Department during the Michaelmas Term of the 2021-22 academic year. He gave a seminar on his current work Tracking system in education and inequalities.  A longitudinal analysis of two school reforms in Switzerland. Watch the video here.