For international lawyers, the London School of Economics has long nurtured a critical intellectual tradition. International legal research was given a firm footing from 1908, when Pearce Higgins and John Macdonell joined the department. Between the wars, several European refugees—among them Franz Neumann, Otto Kahn-Freund, Hersch Lauterpacht and Georg Schwarzenberger—joined the school as doctoral students or lecturers. In Ralf Dahrendorf’s telling, it was the infusion of this continental strain with the distinctive social science-orientation then emergent at the LSE that generated the characteristic LSE context-inflected approach to law. Neumann, for example, achieved his distinctive critical style studying under Harold Laski. Among the internationals, Schwarzenberger, who had arrived in Britain in 1934 as a Jewish refugee, undertook his doctoral research at LSE, joining the faculty in 1945. His time at LSE was marred by the opposition of Arnold McNair and Hersch Lauterpacht (both of whom taught at LSE before joining Cambridge) to his promotion to professor (ultimately he was made chair at UCL in 1962). Early courses included international law ‘with special reference to Africa’. Several postcolonial leaders—Kwame Nkrumah, Jomo Kenyatta, and BR Ambedkar among them—studied at LSE, culminating with today’s President of Barbados, Mia Amor Mottley. International law at LSE has seen countless eminent women in its classrooms—from Dame Rosalyn Higgins, judge and then President of the International Court of Justice, to Christine Chinkin FBA, Founding Director of the Centre of Women Peace & Security, with Baroness Shami Chakrabarty, long-time director of Liberty, obtaining her LLB here in 1991.
Recent events 2022/23
25 January 2023
Moving through international courthouses: on design, emotion, and a sense of belonging
Speaker: Sofia Stolk, VU Amsterdam
26 January 2023
Global climate justice after COP27 (co-hosted with Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment)
Speaker: Prof Robert Falkner (LSE International Relations Department); Dr Leslie-Anne Duvic-Paoli (King’s College London Dickson Poon School of Law); Dr Stephen Humphreys (LSE Law); Dr Yusra Suedi (LSE Law) [not part of PIL@LSE series]
8 February 2023
The UN and its Infra-Law: Legalization and Lawishness
Speaker: Isobel Roele, QMUL
9 February 2023
International climate litigation: Challenges and prospects
Speaker: Panel - Margaretha Wewerinke-Singh, Paul Kingsley Clark, Monica Feria-Tinta [not part of PIL@LSE series]
15 February 2023
The planned lecture by Michael Waibel has been cancelled due to strike action.
10 March 2023
Framing preferences on international trade law
Speaker: Anne van Aaken (University of Hamburg)
14 March 2023
Evidence of the Evidence: An Empirical Study into the Elements of Customary International Law
Speaker: Massimo Lando (City University of Hong Kong)
21 March 2023
The Future of the WTO’s Dispute Settlement
Speaker: Petros Mavroidis
23 March 2023
Expert Ignorance: The Performance and Practice of Rule of Law Reform
Speaker: Deval Desai (University of Edinburgh)
23 March 2023
'#Help: Digital humanitarianism and the remaking of international order'
Professor Fleur Johns (UNSW)
Discussants: Professor Claudia Aradau (KCL); Dr Margie Cheesman (KCL); Dr Stephen Humphreys (LSE)
29 March 2023
'The Legal Science of the International'
Speaker: Campbell McLachlan KC
Chair: Oliver Hailes
16 May 2023
Contemporary questions on universal jurisdiction
Devika Hovell (Associate Professor and International Law, LSE); Mr Alejandro Chehtman (LSE Phd graduate and current Dean of the School of Law of the UTDT, an Argentinian University); Chris Gunness (Director of the Myanmar Accountability Project); Tomas Ojea Quintana (former Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar)
16 June 2023
'Force of Wall: The Crimes of Justice in Law and Art'
Professor Desmond Manderson (Australian National University)
Dr Chaloka Beyani
Oliver Hailes works at the interface of international arbitration and general international law, with recent focus on reconciling investment arbitration and climate change by integrating rules from international environmental law. Other publications have addressed State responsibility, lithium mining, the International Health Regulations, unjust enrichment, and histories of trade and investment law. Oliver’s doctoral research shows how the rights of States to regulate, tax and expropriate have developed through investment arbitration. He is Assistant General Editor of the ICSID Reports and is co-editing a special issue of the Journal of International Economic Law on the energy transition.
Dr Devika Hovell's research examines the capacity for international law’s enforcement. She specialises in areas such as the use of force, international criminal law, universal jurisdiction and international adjudication with a particular focus on bodies such as the UN Security Council and international courts and tribunals. She is broadly interested in whether international law can be understood as part of an international legal system, including research into international law’s sources and possibilities for cross-pollination and intersection between international and domestic legal systems. She is also interested in international law’s pluralist aspects, and the idea of comparative approaches to international law (with a particular focus on British, Russian and Chinese approaches). She is on the Editorial Board of the European Journal of International Law and is an editor of the EJIL: Talk! Blog.
Professor Stephen Humphreys's research looks at the international law dimensions of large-scale change. Having a solid grounding in climate science – a topic on which he has been active for 25 years – he has also written on international development, data governance and war, with a focus on risk allocation, distributional effects, and normative evolution. With a first degree in literature, his interests are historical, philological and transdisciplinary in nature. Stephen has worked in several international policy settings, having acted as a lead author for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the International Bar Association, Amnesty International, and the International Council on Human Rights Policy. His work on human rights and climate change for the latter organisation, in 2007-2009, fed directly into the UN’s first studies on this matter and is widely credited with opening up what is now a vast arena of scholarly research and activism.
Professor Susan Marks
Dr Mona Paulsen (@loyaladvisor) is an Assistant Professor at the London School of Economics and Political Science Law School. She specialises in international trade law and economic security, in addition to research and teaching interests in international investment law, international development, and international political economy. Currently, her research evaluates the multilateral trading system’s ability to accommodate WTO members’ security concerns with economic integration within today’s geopolitical environment. In addition, she is developing a framework for assessing WTO members’ different security measures within the GATT/WTO legal order. Dr Paulsen’s forthcoming book, Before Treaties, examines the historical underpinnings of international economic law through archival research into international negotiations and states’ varied development approaches and foreign policies in the 1930s/40s. In addition to her research, Dr Paulsen serves on the editorial board for the World Trade Review.
Dr Margot Salomon is interested in the roles and distributional effects of international law with current projects focused on the emerging field of transformative international human rights law. Recent publications consider contradictions in the radical articulation of peasant rights; adjudicating socio-economic rights in structural context; and indigenous land rights outside of capital accumulation. Margot’s research draws inspiration from a variety of disciplines including political economy, critical development studies, and counter-hegemonic and 4th world approaches to international law. Margot has been a consultant to the UN on poverty and on the right to development, to the World Bank, and legal advisor to the President of the Greek Parliament during the debt and austerity crisis. She is a Laureate of a Belgian European Francqui Chair, winner of an ESIL book prize for the Misery of International Law (with co-authors Linarelli and Sornarajah), mother, and migrant. Margot is a member of the inaugural Editorial Board of LSE Press, a fully open access publishing house.
Professor Gerry Simpson was appointed to a Chair in Public International Law at the LSE in January, 2016. He previously taught at the University of Melbourne (2007-2015), the Australian National University (1995-1998) and LSE (2000-2007) and has held visiting positions at ANU, Melbourne, NYU and Harvard. He is the author of Great Powers and Outlaw States (Cambridge, 2004), winner of the American Society of International Law Annual Prize for Creative Scholarship in 2005 and Law, War and Crime: War Crimes Trials and the Reinvention of International Law (Polity 2007), and co-editor (with Kevin Jon Heller) of Hidden Histories (Oxford, 2014) and (with Raimond Gaita) of Who’s Afraid of International Law? (Monash, 2016). His most recent book is The Sentimental Life of International Law: Literature, Language and Longing in Global Politics (Oxford, 2021). As well as co-authoring a book entitled Rival World-Makers: The International Laws of the Cold War (Cambridge, 2024), Gerry is also writing The Atomics: My Nuclear Family at the End of the Earth, a personal meditation on nuclearism. He is a Fellow of the British Academy.
Professor Emmanuel Voyiakis
Carly A. Krakow
- Stephen Humphreys 'Taking Future Generations Seriously: A Rejoinder to Critics' (2023) 34 (3) European Journal of International Law
- Yusra Suedi 'Self-determination in territorial disputes before the International Court of Justice: From rhetoric to reality?' Leiden Journal of International Law (2022) (online first)
- Mona Paulsen 'Let’s Agree to Disagree: A Strategy for Trade-Security' Journal of International Economic Law (2022)
- Devika Hovell 'The Elements of International Legal Positivism' (2022) 75 Current Legal Problems 1-39
- Brian McGarry and Yusra Suedi, ‘Judicial Reasoning and Non-State Participation before Inter-State Courts and Tribunals’ 21 (2022) The Law and Practice of International Courts and Tribunals, 121-146
- Devika Hovell 'Self-Defence and its Dangerous Variants: Afghanistan and International Law' (2022) 2(3) LSE Public Policy Review 4 (with Michelle Hughes), pp.1-12
- Devika Hovell, 'On Trust: The UN Security Council as Fiduciary' (2021) 62 (4) William & Mary Law Review 1229
- Susan Marks 'Three Liberty Trees'London Review of International Law (November 2019) 7 (3) pp.295–319
- Gerry Simpson 'OS Grid Ref. NM 68226 84912/OS Grid Ref. TQ 30052 80597' in Dan Joyce and Jesse Hohmann (eds.), International Law's Objects (Oxford: 2019)
- Gerry Simpson 'Imagination' in J. D’Aspremont and S. Singh, (eds.), Fundamental Concepts for International Law (Elgar, 2019)
- Floris de Witte 'Integrating the Subject: Narratives of Emancipation in Regionalism' (2019) EJIL 30 (1), 257-278
- Devika Hovell 'The Authority of Universal Jurisdiction' (2018) 29(2) European Journal of International Law 427
- Devika Hovell 'On Trust: The UN as Fiduciary (A Reply to Rosa Freedman)'LSE Law Working Paper Series 13/2018
- Martin Loughlin 'The misconceived search for global law'Transnational Legal Theory (2017) 8 (3) pp.353-359
- Dalia Palombo, 'L'affaire Mubende-Neumann devant le Comité des droits de l’homme' (with Edouard Fromageau), in Laurence Dubin (ed.), L'entreprise multinationale et le droit international, (2017, Pedone) pp. 363-379
- Gerry Simpson 'The Globalisation of International Law' in C. Reus-Smit and T. Dunne, Globalisation of International Society (eds.), (Oxford University Press, 2017)
- Devika Hovell The Power of Process: The Value of Due Process in Security Council Sanctions Decision-Making (Oxford University Press, 2016)
- Devika Hovell 'Due Process in the United Nations' American Journal of International Law (2016) 110 (1) pp.1-48. For a symposium on this article, including contributions by Alexandra Huneeus, Antonios Tzanakopoulos, Rosa Freedman and Joy Gordon, click here.
- Devika Hovell ‘Kadi: King-Slayer or King-Maker? The Shifting Allocation of Decision-making Power between the UN Security Council and Courts’ (2016) 79 (1) Modern Law Review pp.147-182
- Devika Hovell 'Glasnost in the Security Council: The Value of Transparency' Law Society and Economy Working Paper Series 15-2016 (2016)
- Jan Kleinheisterkamp 'Investment Protection in TTIP: Three Feasible Proposals' (with Lauge Poulsen), in European Yearbook of International Economic Law 2016 (Bungenberg et al eds, Springer 2016), pp. 527-541. [link to underlying policy paper]
- Andrew Lang and Susan Marks 'Even the dead will not be safe: international law and the struggle over tradition'. In: Werner, Wouter, de Hoon, Marieke and Galán, Alexis, (eds.) The Law of International Lawyers. Reading Martti Koskenniemi (Cambridge University Press, 2016)
- Gerry Simpson 'Juridical Investigations: Martin Wight as International Lawyer' in (Robert McCorquodale and Jean-Pierre Gauci eds.), British Approaches to International Law, 1915-2015, (Brill, 2016)
- Gerry Simpson 'Being Afraid of International Law' in R. Gaita and G. Simpson (eds.), Who’s Afraid of International Law ( Monash University Press, 2016)
- Gerry Simpson 'Something to Do with States' in A. Orford and F. Hoffman (eds.), Oxford Handbook of International Legal Theory, (Oxford University Press, 2016) 564-582.
- Gerry Simpson 'James Lorimer and the Character of Nations: A Twenty First Century Treatise' 27 (2) European Journal of International Law, (2016) 431-446
- Gerry Simpson 'The End of the End of History: Some Epitaphs for Liberalism', Baltic Yearbook of International Law, (2016) 332-343.
- Gerry Simpson 'Human Rights with a Vengeance: One Hundred Years of Retributive Humanitarianism', 33 Australian Yearbook of International Law (2016) 1-14.
- Emmanuel Voyiakis 'A Disaggregative View of Customary International Law-Making’ 29 LeidenJournal of International Law (2016) 365-388
- Thomas Poole 'The Constitution and Foreign Affairs' (2016) Current Legal Problems 69 (1) pp.143-174
- Thomas Poole 'A Very Successful Action? Keyu and Historical Wrongs at Common Law' (with Sangeeta Shah) UK Supreme Court Yearbook (2016) 7 Part 1
- Jan Kleinheisterkamp 'Investment treaty law and the fear for sovereignty: transnational challenges and solutions'Modern Law Review (2015) 78 (5) pp.793-825
- Andrew Lang 'The double movement of law and expertise' in Erin Hannah, James Scott, Silke Trommer (eds) Expert Knowedlge in Global Trade (Routledge: 2016)
- Andrew Lang 'New Legal Realism, Empiricism, and Scientism: The Relative Objectivity of Law and Social Science'Leiden Journal of International Law (2015), 28, pp. pp.231–254
- Andrew Lang 'Twenty years of the WTO Appellate Body’s “fragmentation jurisprudence”' Journal of International Trade Law and Policy (2015) 14 (3) pp.116-125
- Susan Marks 'The War against Cliché: Dispatches from the International Legal Front’ in Baetens and Chinkin (eds.) Sovereignty, Statehood and State Responsibility: Essays in Honour of James Crawford (Cambridge 2015) (with Karen Knop)
- Paul MacMahon 'The Inquest and the Virtues of Soft Adjudication'Yale Law and Policy Review, 2015
- Margot Salomon ‘How to Keep Promises: Making Sense of the Duty Among Multiple States to Fulfil Socio-Economic Rights in the World’SHARES Research Paper 53 (2014) [forthcoming in: André Nollkaemper and Dov Jacobs (eds.), Distribution of Responsibilities in International Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015)
- Gerry Simpson 'Roger Avant Garde' in For the Sake of Present and Future Generations (eds. Linton, Simpson, Schabas), Nijhoff, 2015)
- Gerry Simpson 'Crime, Structure, Harm' in S. Joidon (ed.) Sustainable Development, International Criminal Justice and Treaty Implementation, (Cambridge University Press (2013)
- Gerry Simpson 'Humanity, Law, Force' in H. Charlesworth and J. Farrall, (eds.), Strengthening the Rule of Law through the UN Security Council, (Routledge, 2016) 72-86.
- Gerry Simpson 'The Sentimental Life of International Law'London Review of International Law (2015)
- Chris Thomas '"Globalising sovereignty"? Pettit's neo-republicanism, international law and international institutions'The Cambridge Law Journal (2015) 74 (3). pp. 568-591 (with Christopher Alexander)
- Jacco Bomhoff 'The Constitution of the Conflict of Laws' LSE Law Society and Economy Working Paper Series, 04-2014; published in Horatia Muir Watt & Diego Fernandez Arroyo (eds.), Private International Law and Global Governance (Oxford University Press, 2014)
- Jan Kleinheisterkamp 'Who is Afraid of Investor-State Arbitration? Or Comparative Law?'LSE Law: Policy Briefing Papers 4/2014
- Jan Kleinheisterkamp 'Financial Responsibility in European International Investment Policy' (2014) 63:2 International and Comparative Law Quarterly pp.449-476