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The Rise of Insurgent Europeanism

Mapping Civil Society Visions of Europe 2018-2020

Civil society in Europe and its attitudes towards the European project have changed dramatically in the past decade of multiple crises. This study mapped, tracked and monitored developments in European civil society from 2018 to 2020, revealing the nature and implications of these changes.

Read the report:

The Rise of Insurgent Europeanism

This report was published on 22 April 2021.


Luke Cooper is a Consultant and Associate Researcher at LSE IDEAS.

Roch Dunin-Wąsowicz is a Research Officer at LSE IDEAS and lectures sociology at the UCL Social Research Institute.

Mary Kaldor is the Principal Investigator of the Conflict Research Programme and Professor Emeritus of Global Governance at LSE.

Niccolò Milanese is Director of European Alternatives.

Iavor Rangelov is Assistant Professorial Research Fellow at LSE IDEAS and Co-Founder of the Civic Ecosystems Initiative.


We thank our partners in carrying out Visions of Europe – European Alternatives, the Europe’s Futures project at the Institute for Human Sciences (IWM) in Vienna, and Another Europe – for their contributions to the project, and the Open Society Initiative for Europe (OSIFE) for financial support.

We are grateful to our team of dedicated research assistants for their invaluable contributions to the data analysis component of the research: Joseph Insirello, Johanna Kappenberg, and Rebecca Vestager-Jensen from the 89 Initiative.

We are hugely indebted to our respondents across Europe who took part in interviews and surveys, and to all participants in our conferences and events.