Country Greenhouse gas mitigation framework law/policy Adaptation framework law/policy Total No. of laws
Algeria The National Climate Plan (2013) The National Climate Plan (2013) 14
Angola Resolution 52/08, establishing the National Strategy for the Implementation of UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol (2008) None 9
Argentina None None 7
Australia Carbon Farming Initiative Amendment Bill (2014) None 9
Austria Climate Protection Act (2011) Austrian Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change (2012) 10
Bangladesh Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan (2009) None 10
Belarus National programme on climate change mitigation measures (2013-2020) (2013) None 12
Belgium National Climate Plan (2009) National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (2010) 9
Belize Environmental Protection Act (1992) National Adaptation Strategy to Address Climate Change in the Water Sector of Belize (2009) 2
Bolivia None None 6
Botswana None None 2
Brazil National Policy on Climate Change (established by Law 12187/2009) (2009) National Policy on Climate Change (established by Law 12187/2009) (2009) 12
Bulgaria Climate Change Mitigation Act (2014) None 10
Cameroon None None 4
Canada None None 3
Chile National Climate Change Action Plan 2008–2012 (2008) National Climate Change Adaptation Plan (2014) 11
China National Plan For Tackling Climate Change 2014-2020 (2014) National Strategy For Climate Change Adaptation (2013) 6
Colombia Institutional Strategy for the Articulation of Policies and Actions in Climate Change (established by CONPES 3700) (2011) National Plan for Climate Change Adaptation (2012) 10
Costa Rica National Climate Change Strategy (2008) National Climate Change Strategy (2008) 9
Cuba National Environmental Strategy 2011-2015 (2010) National Environmental Strategy 2011-2015 (2010) 7
Czech Republic National Programme to Abate Climate Change Impacts in the Czech Republic (established by Government Resolution No. 187) (2004) None 6
Democratic Republic of Congo None National Adaptation Action Plan (2006) 4
Denmark Climate Change Act (2014) Danish strategy for adaptation to a changing climate (2008) and the Action Plan for a climate-proof Denmark (2012) 11
Dominican Republic National Development Strategy (2012); Climate Compatible Development Plan of the Dominican Republic (2011) None 6
Ecuador National Strategy on Climate Change 2012 – 2025 (2012) National Strategy on Climate Change 2012 – 2025 (2012) 8
Egypt None National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management (2011) 3
El Salvador The National Climate Change Strategy (2013) The National Climate Change Strategy (2013) 7
Ethiopia Climate Resilient Green Economy Strategy (2011) Climate Resilient Green Economy Strategy (2011) 9
European Union 2020 Climate and Energy Package (2009);
2030 framework for climate and energy policies (2014)
None 24
Finland Climate Change Act (2014) National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change (2005) and Action Plan for the Adaptation to Climate Change of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry 2011-2015 7
France Grenelle I (2009) and Grenelle II (2010) National Adaptation Plan 2011-2015 (2011) 9
Gabon National Climate Plan (“Plan Climat”) (2012) National Climate Plan (2012) 7
Germany Action Programme on Climate Protection 2020 (2014) Germany Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change (2008) 15
Ghana National Climate Change Policy (2013) National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (2012) 7
Greece National Climate Change Programme (last revised 2007) None 12
Grenada National Climate Change Policy and Action Plan (2007) Grenada Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (2011) 6
Guatemala Framework law to regulate reduction of vulnerability, mandatory adaptation to the effects of climate change, and the mitigation of greenhouse gas effects (2013) Framework Law to Regulate Reduction of Vulnerability, Mandatory Adaptation to the Effects of Climate Change, and the Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Effects (2013) 7
Guyana Low Carbon Development Strategy (2009, updated 2013) Low Carbon Development Strategy (2009, updated 2013) 2
Hungary National Climate Change Strategy (2008) National Climate Change Strategy (2008) 7
India National Action Plan on Climate Change (2008) National Action Plan on Climate Change (2008) 11
Indonesia National Action Plan to reduce GHG emissions (by Presidential Decree No. 61/2011) (2011) National Action Plan on Climate Change Adaptation (2012) 19
Iran National Rules of Procedure for Implementation of the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol (2009) None 8
Ireland National Climate Change Strategy (2007-2012) National Climate Change Adaptation Framework (2012) 12
Israel The First National Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Plan and Government Decision 2508 (2010) None 12
Italy Climate Change Action Plan (2007) None 22
Jamaica None None 3
Japan Law Concerning the Promotion of the Measures to Cope with Global Warming (Act on Promotion of Global Warming Countermeasures) (1998) None 9
Jordan The National Climate Change Policy of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan 2013-2020 (2013) The National Climate Change Policy of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan 2013-2020 (2013) 3
Kazakhstan None None 6
Kenya National Climate Change Response Strategy (2010) National Climate Change Response Strategy (2010) 5
Kuwait None None 2
Libya None None 0
Madagascar National Climate Change Policy (2010) National Climate Change Policy (2010) 3
Malaysia National Policy on Climate Change (2010) National Policy on Climate Change (2010) 6
Maldives Maldives National Energy Policy & Strategy (2010) The Republic of the Maldives Strategic National Action Plan for Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation 2010-2020 (2010) 4
Mexico General Law on Climate Change (2012) General Law on Climate Change (2012) 9
Micronesia Federated States of Micronesia Climate Change Act (2013) Federated States of Micronesia Climate Change Act (2013) 3
Mongolia National Action Programme on Climate Change (2011) National Action Programme on Climate Change (2011) 10
Morocco National Plan of Action against Climate Change (2009) None 7
Mozambique 2013-2025 National Climate Change Strategy (2012) 2013-2025 National Climate Change Strategy (2012) 11
Myanmar None None 6
Nepal Climate Change Policy (2011) None 4
Netherlands National Climate Agenda (2014) National Climate Agenda (2014) 9
New Zealand Climate Change Response Act (2002) Resource Management (Energy and Climate Change) Amendment Act (2004) 7
Nigeria National Climate Policy (2013) National Climate Policy (2013) 3
Norway The Climate Settlement (2012) White Paper on Climate Change Adaptation in Norway, Meld. St. 33 (2012-2013) 9
Pakistan National Climate Change Policy (2012) National Climate Change Policy (2012) 8
Peru National Strategy on Climate Change (2003) National Strategy on Climate Change (2003) 10
Philippines Climate Change Act (2009) Philippine Strategy on Climate Change Adaptation (2009) 15
Poland None Polish National Strategy for Adaptation to climate Change (2013) 8
Portugal National Climate Change Programme (2006, amended 2008) National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change (2010) 10
Romania National Climate Change Strategy 2013-2020 (2013) National Climate Change Strategy 2013-2020 (2013) 13
Russia Climate Doctrine of the Russian Federation (2009) None 9
Rwanda National Strategy on Climate Change and Low Carbon Development (2011 ) None 7
Saudi Arabia None None 2
Senegal None None 10
Singapore National Climate Change Strategy (2012) National Climate Change Strategy (2012) 8
Slovakia None National Adaptation Strategy (2014) 17
South Africa National Climate Change Response Policy White Paper (2011) National Climate Change Response Policy White Paper (2011) 4
South Korea Framework Act on Low Carbon, Green Growth (2010) National Strategic Plan for Climate Change Adaptation 2011-15 (2010) 12
Spain Strategy of Climate Change and Clean Energy (2007) National Adaptation Plan to Climate Change (2006) 20
Sweden An Integrated Climate and Energy Policy (2009) An Integrated Climate and Energy Policy (2009) 8
Switzerland CO2 Act (2013) Swiss National Adaptation Strategy (2012, 2014) 8
Tajikistan National Action Plan for Climate Change Mitigation (2003) National Action Plan for Climate Change Mitigation (2003) 7
Tanzania National Climate Change Strategy (2012) National Climate Change Strategy (2012) 5
Thailand Strategic Plan on Climate Change (2008) Strategic Plan on Climate Change (2008) 6
Trinidad and Tobago National Climate Change Policy (2011) National Climate Change Policy (2011) 6
Turkey Climate Change Action Plan 2011-2023 (2011) Turkey’s National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy and Action Plan (2011) 6
Tuvalu None National Strategic Action Plan for Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management 2012-2016 (2012) 7
Uganda National Climate Change Policy (2013) National Climate Change Policy (2013) 4
Ukraine National Action Plan for Implementation of the Kyoto Protocol (2005) None 8
United Arab Emirates None None 2
United Kingdom Climate Change Act (2008) Climate Change Act (2008) 23
United States of America None Executive Order 13653: Preparing the United States for the Impacts of Climate Change (2013) 9
Uzbekistan None None 4
Vanuatu None None 5
Venezuela None None 3
Vietnam National Climate Change Strategy (2011) Law on Natural Disaster Prevention and Control No: 33/2013/QH13 (2013) 13
Zimbabwe None None 5
Keep in touch with the Grantham Research Institute at LSE
Sign up to our newsletters and get the latest analysis, research, commentary and details of upcoming events.