Dr Victoria Phillips

Dr Victoria Phillips

Visiting Fellow

Department of International History

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Languages
English
Key Expertise
Cold War, Cultural Diplomacy, International Relations

About me

Dr Victoria Phillips is an Adjunct Lecturer in History at the European Institute and Associated Faculty at the Harriman Institute, Columbia University, where she received her Ph.D. She specializes in Cold War history, United States cultural diplomacy, and international relations. Phillips created and directs the Cold War Archival Research Project (CWAR), which takes advanced undergraduate, M.A. and Ph.D. students to archives in the United States and Europe in order to develop new scholarship on the cultural Cold War. Her book with Oxford University Press (forthcoming 2019) Martha Graham’s Cold War: The Dance of American Diplomacy, explores the export of modern dance as American soft power to over twenty-five contested nations between 1955 and 1989. Her articles have appeared in publications from the New York Times and American Communist History, to Ballet News and Dance Research Journal. In 2006 she curated “Dance is a Weapon” in Paris and it toured France for two years. At the Library of Congress she co-curated “Politics and the Dancing Body” as well as an exhibit commemorating the 75th anniversary of American Ballet Theatre. She serves on the editorial board for American Communist History. Her papers are held at the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Growing up in New York City, Phillips studied ballet, modern, and French baroque dance as a child, and became a professional dancer at the age of twelve touring with Wendy Hilton and performing on stage and television as Queen Esther with Anna Sokolow. She studied with Martha Graham and learned the company repertory before retiring to attend college full-time at Columbia University. While working at the Columbia Business School, she received her degree in literature and writing in 1985. She entered the Business School the following year, and became a summer intern at Mitsui Bank in Tokyo, Japan, where she was first published in Grant’s Interest Rate Observer. Upon returning to the United States, she took a job as a hedge fund manager buying and selling distressed debt securities, or as a “vulture capitalist.” Developing an expertise in short-selling, she transferred to the equities side, retiring in 1993 to raise her three children. As a “stay at home mother,” she received her M.F.A. in creative writing and then an M.A. in History and Performance Studies from New York University. Her creative writing was published by journals in the United States and Italy. A chapter of her M.A. Thesis, “Collaboration Among Divas,” was published by Ballet Review.

Upon entering the Ph.D. program at Columbia University in United States History, Phillips wrote her M.A. thesis on the Soviet influence on American modern dance and the arts during the interwar, published by American Communist History. While she planned to explore the artistic influence of Soviet, Nazi, and Fascist propaganda on United States government programs and its intelligentsia, the previously sealed archives of Martha Graham opened. Having remembered Graham’s stance as an a-political artist, Phillips changed her dissertation topic upon finding a myriad of government reports, invitations, and other correspondence with Graham. Over a decade later, the discovery led to numerous oral histories and archival searches in the United States, Europe, and the Middle East, her dissertation, and the publication of her book.

While a Ph.D. student, Phillips developed her course on United States cultural diplomacy as a University Teaching Fellow under Eric Foner. Her course mantra for students: “Tell me something I did not know.” Her further work with Alan Brinkley in United States History and Carol Gluck and the Weatherhead Institute led to her appointment as a Lecturer at the European Institute under Victoria de Grazia upon graduation. At the European Institute with de Grazia, the Cultural Initiative and studies of soft power led to conferences and the development of three of Phillips’ courses, one of which directly addresses the intersection of hard and soft power. Through the CWAR program, Phillips collaborates with West Point Military Academy and its Civil Military Institute, as well as Corvinus University in Budapest. After heeding the advice of Alan Brinkley, “When you don’t understand something, write a syllabus,” Phillips developed her course “Women as Cold War Weapons.”

Future research includes diplomat Eleanor Dulles, the sister of John Foster Dulles, Secretary of State under Dwight D. Eisenhower, and Allen Dulles, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, First Lady and Republican Betty Ford and her pro-Equal Rights, pro-abortion efforts, as well as her personal revelations of breast cancer and substance abuse, and the history of right-wing conservative women in the United States. In addition, Philips continues to explore United States global cultural projects in the Cold War from the radios to bubble gum trading cards, and CIA projects of strategy and tactics that involve film, books, balloon leaflet campaigns, and other exports.

Phillips has served on the boards of the Joyce Theater, American Ballet Theatre, and currently at the Gilder Lehrman Institute and European Institute, Columbia University.

Other titles: Co-cordinator of LSE-Columbia University Double Degree Dissertations (HY458)

Expertise Details

Cold War; Cultural Diplomacy; International Relations; Gender and Biography

Teaching

Dr Victoria Phillips teaches the following courses in the Department:

At postgraduate level:

HY480: Cold War Public Diplomacy: United States Cultural Wars Abroad

HY458: LSE-Columbia University Double Degree Dissertation

Publications

  • Martha Graham’s Cold War: The Dance of American Diplomacy Oxford University Press (2020)
  • “Red Carnations” American Communist History (17.1, 2018)
  • “Reflections of a Neo-Liberal: An Interview with John Haynes”American Communist History (13.2-3, 2014)
  • The Routledge Dictionary of American Modernism. Entries on The New Dance Group and Jane Dudley
  •  “Homeowner’s Nation: The International Financial Collapses of the 21st Century” The CLIO History of Recessions and Depressions
  •  “Martha Graham’s Gilded Cage: The Construction of Blood Memory, An Autobiography” Dance Research Journal, 45.2 (Aug. 2013): 63-84.
  • “Cold War Cultural Attaché: The International Career of Francis Mason” Ballet Review (Summer, 2011)
  • "Collaboration Among Icons: The New York City Dance Theatre, 1949" Ballet Review (Winter, 2011)
  • “All Fall Down: New Dance Group and Capitalism as the ‘Highest Stage’ of Communism, 1932-2009” American Communist History 9.2 (2010)
  • “Dancing Diplomacy: Martha Graham, the State Department, and Cold War Cultural Exchange in Asia” Dance Chronicle, 11.4 (2010): 1-35
  • Review, “A Game For Dancers,” Dance Research Journal, 41.2 (Winter 2009): 116-119
  • “Performing Communism in the American Dance: Culture, Politics, and the New Dance Group” American Communist History, 7.1 (2008)
  • Dance is a Weapon. Pantin, France: Centre National de La Danse, 2008
  • “Ethel Winter - Biography” Ethel Winter and Her Choreography, ed. Karin Hermes, New York: BoD, 2007
  • Women in American History: An Encyclopedia (Chelsea House Publishers: Facts on File) Entries on Löie Fuller, Martha Graham and the New Dance Group
  • The Grove Dictionary of American Music, 2nd ed. (New York: Oxford University Press) Entry on the New Dance Group
  • "An MBA Runs the Gauntlet" New York Times Magazine: The Business World, 12 June 1988
  • "So it Goes" (27 July 1987), "My Summer in Tokyo" (21 September 1987), "No Dice" (14 October 1989), Grant's Interest Rate Observer

Fellowships and grants

  • Harriman Institute: Publication Grant, 2017
  • Harriman Pepsico Summer Travel Grant: Harriman Institute, Columbia University, 2016
  • Open Society Archives, at Central European University, Budapest: Visegrad Scholar
  • European Institute, Columbia University: New Diplomacy and Soft Power
  • The George Washington University:Summer Institute on Conducting Archival Research (SICAR), May, 2009
  • Library of Congress: Fellow, Performing Arts Division, May – December, 2009
  • Japan Society, Business Fellow: June-September, 1986; Summer Associate, May-June, 1986