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Intergenerational Mobility in Education in Greece

Project Coordinator and Principal Researcher: Professor Nikolaos Vettas
Duration: September 2021 - August 2022


Education plays a central role in social mobility. The Greek education system is believed to have for decades functioned as a mechanism of, mainly upward, intergenerational social mobility. Greece exhibits a relatively high rate of intergenerational mobility in education compared to its European peers, defined as the percentage of individuals having achieved a higher level of education than their parents. Despite its relatively good performance, the transmission of social advantage or disadvantage and social inequality persist, as in most countries around the world. Reasons inter alia include the unequal prospects offered by the plethora of tertiary education options in Greece as well as the lengthening of mean academic trajectories. Furthermore, even though access to university studies is free-of-charge, the fact that it is exams-based implies that students with unequal performances may have unequal life prospects. 

This research project aims to shed light on:

(i) the role of socioeconomic status and other important factors on the cognitive performance and future plans of Greek high-school students, 

(ii) intertemporal trends taking into account the recent economic crisis and, 

(iii) possible differences with other EU/OECD countries on the effect of socioeconomic and other drivers on intergenerational educational mobility. 

Project Outputs

- The Policy Brief is available here.


- The findings of the Research Project were presented at a Research Seminaron Tuesday 28 February 2023.
Find out more about the event here.
Listen to the event podcast here.

Research Team

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Project Coordinator and Principal Researcher: Nikolaos Vettas, Professor of Economics at the Athens University of Economics and Business; General Director at the Foundation for Industrial and Economic Research (IOBE)

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Researcher: Svetoslav Danchev, PhD (Econ), Head of Microeconomic Analysis and Policy Unit, Foundation for Industrial and Economic Research (IOBE)

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Researcher: Georgios Gatopoulos, PhD (Econ), Head of International Macroeconomics and Finance Unit, Foundation for Industrial and Economic Research (IOBE); part-time Instructor at the American College of Greece

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Researcher: Niki Kalavrezou, PhD (Econ), Research Associate on Health Economics and Social Policy, Foundation of Industrial and Economic Research (IOBE)