Dr Carrie Friese

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My research is in medical sociology and science and technology studies, with a focus on reproduction across humans and animals. My initial research in this area focused on the use of assisted reproductive technologies for human reproduction in the context of infertility, with a particular focus on ageing and motherhood. I then shifted the analytic gaze to explore the development of interspecies nuclear transfer (aka cloning) for endangered species preservation in zoos. Here I asked how notions of nature are being innovated in and through biotechnological development. Based on this research, I have also written and given talks on the ethics of de-extinction. I have received a Wellcome Trust New Investigator Award for a new research project, entitled Care as Science: The Role of Animal Husbandry in Translational Medicine. This five year project (2015-2019) uses quantitative and qualitative research methods in a field analysis of in vivo science and translational medicine within the UK. It asks why an increasing number of scientists understand quality animal care as a scientific priority in the current socio-historical moment. I have also written and taught workshops on situational analysis and grounded theory, and have a general interest in relational research methods. 

Selected Publications

Friese Cloning Wild Life cover


Clarke, Adele with Carrie Friese and Rachel Washburn. (Forthcoming) Situational Analysis: Grounded Theory after the Postmodern Turn, 2nd Edition. Thousand Oaks: CA: Sage.

Clarke, Adele, Carrie Friese and Rachel Washburn (Eds.). (2015). Situational Analysis in Practice: Mapping Research with Grounded Theory. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.

Friese, Carrie (2013). Cloning Wild Life: Zoos, Captivity and the Future of Endangered Animals. New York: New York University Press.

Journal Articles

Friese, Carrie and Claire Marris (2014). “Making De-Extinction Mundane?” PLoS Biology 12(3): e1001825.

Friese, Carrie (2013). “Realizing Potential in Translational Medicine: The Uncanny Emergence of Care as Science.” Current Anthropology 54(7): S129-S138.

Friese, Carrie and Adele E. Clarke. (2012). “Transposing Bodies of Knowledge and Technique: Animal Models at Work in the Reproductive Sciences.” Social Studies of Science 42(1): 31-52.

Friese, Carrie. (2010). "Classification conundrums: Categorizing chimeras and enacting species preservation." Theory and Society 39(2): 145-172.

Friese, Carrie. (2009). "Models of cloning, models for the zoo: Rethinking the sociological significance of cloned animals." BioSocieties 4(4): 367-39.

Friese, Carrie, Gay Becker, and Robert D. Nachtigall. (2008). "Older Motherhood and the Changing Life Course in the Era of Assisted Reproductive Technologies." Journal of Aging Studies 22(1): 65-73.

Friese, Carrie, Gay Becker, and Robert D. Nachtigall. (2006) "Rethinking the biological clock: eleventh hour moms, miracle moms, and meanings of age-related infertility." Social Science & Medicine 63(6): 1550-1560.

Nachtigall, Robert, Gay Becker, Diane Tober, Carrie Friese, and Anneliese Butler. (2005) "Parents' Conceptualization of Their Frozen Embryos Complicates the Disposition Decision." Fertility & Sterility 84(2): 431-4.

Book Chapters

Friese, Carrie. (2015). “Genetic Values as a Moral Economy in the Zoo” in Claes-Fredrik Helgesson, Isabelle Dussauge and Francis Lee (Eds.) Value practices in the life sciences. Oxford University Press.

Friese, Carrie. (2015). “Genetics, Reproduction and Disease.” International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Science, Second Edition. Elsevier.

Friese, Carrie. (2013). “Classification conundrums: Categorizing chimeras and enacting species preservation” in Clarke, Adele and Charmaz, Kathy (Eds.) Grounded Theory and Situational Analysis, SAGE Benchmarks in Social Research Methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. (Reprint)

Clarke, Adele, Carrie Friese, and Rachel Washburn. (2013). “Situational Analysis” in Kaldis, Byron (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Friese, Carrie, Gay Becker, and Robert D. Nachtigall. (2009). “Rethinking the
biological clock: eleventh hour moms, miracle moms, and meanings of age-related infertility” in Peter Brown and Ron Barrett (Eds.) Understanding and Applying Medical Anthropology, Second Edition. McGraw Hill. Pp. 198-208. (Reprint)

Clarke, Adele E. and Carrie Friese. (2007). “Grounded Theorizing Using Situational Analysis” in Antony Bryant and Kathy Charmaz (Eds.) The Handbook of Grounded Theory. London: Sage. Pp. 363-397.


Dr Carrie Friese