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Dr Christopher Robert Badcock

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Dr Christopher Robert Badcock is Reader in Sociology at the LSE. Born in 1946, he was educated at Maidstone Grammar School and LSE (First Class Honours BSc Sociology and Social Anthropology, 1967, PhD, 1973.). He was Lecturer in Sociology at Polytechnic of the South Bank from 1969-73, and was appointed to the staff of the LSE Sociology Department in 1974.

Currently, Dr Badcock teaches an undergraduate option, SO215 Evolution and Social Behaviour. Details

His current research is devoted to elaborating the imprinted brain theory which he developed along with Prof Bernard Crespi (Killam Research Professor, Department of Biosciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada) and which seeks to explain brain evolution, the mind, and mental illness in terms of genetic conflict. His book on the subject, The Imprinted Brain: how genes set the balance between autism and psychosis was published by Jessica Kingsley in May 2009.


Selected Publications



Badcock Evolutionary Psychology|
Evolutionary Psychology: A Critical Introduction.
Polity Press, 2000

Badcock Imprinted Brain|
The Imprinted Brain: how genes set the balance between autism and psychosis.
Jessica Kingsley, 2009








Badcock, Christopher and Crespi, Bernard (2008) Battle of the sexes may set the brain. Nature, 454 pp. 1054-1055. ISSN 0028-0836

Crespi, Bernard and Badcock, Christopher (2008) Psychosis and autism as diametrical disorders of the social brain. Behavioral and brain sciences, 31 (3). pp. 241-260. ISSN 0140-525X

Badcock, Christopher (2008) Nature or nurture? Genes or society? Autism or psychosis? A new theory resolves some long-standing contradictions in explaining mental illness. Sociology research news: Newsletter of the London School of Economics and Political Sciences. Sociology Department, 5 (3). pp. 2-4.

Badcock, Christopher (2008) Selfish genes and sanity. The Great Debate Website,

Badcock, Christopher (2007) An evolutionary theory of mind and of mental illness : genetic conflict and the mentalistic continuum. In: Krebs, D. and Crawford, C.B., (eds.) Foundations of evolutionary psychology : ideas, issues and applications. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc., London, UK.

Badcock, Christopher (2006) Sociobiology. In: Bryant, Clifton and Peck, Dennis, (eds.) 21st Century Sociology : A Reference Handbook. Sage Publications, London, UK, pp. 295-305. ISBN 9781412916080

Badcock, Christopher and Crespi, Bernard (2006) Imbalanced genomic imprinting in brain development: an evolutionary basis for the etiology of autism. Journal of evolutionary biology, 19 (4). pp. 1007-1032. ISSN 1420-9101

Badcock, Christopher (2006) Evolutionary origins of autism and psychosis? Sociology research news, 4 (2). pp. 10-11.

Badcock, Christopher (2004) The morality of markets: taxation as a prisoner's dilemma. In: O'Keeffe, Dennis, (ed.) Economy and virtue: essays on the theme of markets and morality. Institute of Economic Affairs, London, pp. 52-67. ISBN 0255365047

Badcock, Christopher (2004) Emotion versus reason as a genetic conflict. In: Evans, D. and Cruse, P., (eds.) Emotion, Evolution, and Rationality. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 207-222.

Badcock, Christopher (2004) Mentalism and mechanism: the twin modes of human cognition. In: Crawford, Charles B and Salmon, Catherine A, (eds.) Evolutionary Psychology, Public Policy and Personal Decisions. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, N.J., pp. 99-116. ISBN 9780805843774

Badcock, Christopher (2003) Eugenics. In: Christensen, Karen and Levinson, David, (eds.) Encyclopedia of community: from the village to the virtual world. Berkshire Publishing Group, Great Barrington, MA, pp. 469-470. ISBN 0761925988

Badcock, Christopher (2003) Eugenics. In: Christensen, Karen and Levinson, David, (eds.) Encyclopedia of community: from the village to the virtual world. Sage Publications, Thousands Oaks, Calif.

Badcock, Christopher (2003) "Incest", "The Libido Theory", "Sociobiology & Psychoanalysis". In: Erwin, Edward, (ed.) The Freud Encyclopedia. Routledge, pp. 273-275.

Badcock, Christopher (2001) Genetic conflict and Freudian psychology. Psychology review, 7 (3). pp. 16-19. ISSN 1750-3469


Dr Christopher Badcock